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Forms of Government
Transcript of Forms of Government
Forms of Government
The Rise of Democracy
Greece's steep mountains led to settlement in isolated communities
Ancient Greeks spoke the same language but they didn't think of themselves as one country. Each city had its own laws, army, money and government.
Ancient Greek cities are called city-states.
Monarch (King) holds power.
At first, they were chosen by the people. After that, the kings demanded that their eldest son inherit the power.
Act as a judge
Conduct religious ceremonies
Lead the armies during war
Aristocrats realized that they were stronger. They started to share more power.
Eventually they overthrew the monarchy and took power themselves.
The aristocrats advised the king. They also provided money to buy horses and armor for wars.
Under a monarchy, the power to make political decisions is in the hands of _________________.
Oligarchs spent their days hunting and
chariot racing. At night they partied with hired entertainment and had slaves to feed them.
Poor people worked in the fields all day. They were ignored by the oligarchs, and felt their lives were unfair.
Passed laws that the poor didn’t like which increased the wealth of the oligarch.
Used the army to force people to obey them.
Passed laws that forced farmers to sell themselves into slavery if they couldn’t pay their debts.
The poor turned to leaders who promised to improve their lives. These leaders were in the army and used their soldiers to overthrow the oligarchy.
A tyrant cannot claim he is the legal ruler of the country. A tyrant’s son doesn’t usually inherit the power.
Most Greek tyrants gained the support of the people by promising them more rights.
They made changes that helped the poor. Some canceled the debts of poor farmers.
Not all tyrants were bad but some definitely were.
Hippias was the last tyrant of Athens.
He ruled well at first until his brother was murdered.
He then began to be a harsh ruler and had spies reporting on his citizens.
He was forced out by the population.
RECAP: Under a tyranny, the power to make political decisions is in the hands of______________________.
The ancient Greek democracy was a
which meant that every citizen could vote on every issue.
The United States is a
which means that people vote for representatives who decide on the issues.
The direct democracy had an assembly, or lawmaking group.
Any free man could speak in the assembly and vote on a new law or to go to war.
Free men also ran the city’s day-to-day business.
Not all Greeks made the best choices when voting because they were influenced by corrupt unscrupulous people.
For example, important decisions might be reversed just after a few weeks.
For this reason, most city-states returned to earlier forms of government.
The idea that people should rule themselves would survive!
The ideal of democracy would become one of the great gifts of ancient Greece to the modern world.
RECAP: Under a democracy, the power to make political decisions is in the hands of______________.