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Transcript of Ancient Egypt
Egypt The Nile River Farming Floods Protection Cataracts Upper
Class Pharaohs Third Class Unskilled
Workers Hieroglyphics Why Were Pyramids Built? How Were Pyramids Built? United Egypt Ancient Egyptians Fall A.Mathiasen The Egyptians used the Nile River to help them become very successful farmers. The Egyptians grew wheat, barley, and flax seeds. They used irrigation like the Sumerians to get water to their plants. The Nile River floods every year in July, August, September, and October. When the water recedes, it leaves behind dark fertile mud that is good for planting crops. The floods also provide the water that the plants need to grow. The cataracts provide protection for the Egyptians because they destroy large ships so they can only travel the last 650 miles in Egypt. Cataracts are like rapids The Pharaoh was the king of Egypt. He appointed officials to carry out their wishes. These officials told the people what the Pharaoh wanted. The Egyptians served the Pharaoh so faithfully because they believed he was a god. The upper class is made up of priests, nobles, and government officials appointed by the Pharaoh . This class is made up of traders, artisans, shopkeepers, and scribes. This class makes the goods and keeps track of things. This is the highest class you can be in if you aren't a royal or government official. This class is made up of farmers and herdsmen. The farmers grow the food along the Nile River. The herdsmen tend their animals and kill them when needed for food. This class helps provide food for everyone. Fourth Class This is a class made up of slaves and unskilled workers. Some workers unload cargo from boats and take it to the markets. Other workers made mud- brick houses. The Egyptians believed in many gods. They believed Ra, the sun god, was the most powerful. The Egyptians also believed Hapi was a major god because he ruled the Nile River. They believed Isis was the most important goddess because she was a loyal wife and mother.
The Egyptians was also Horus, Osiris, and Basset. There are many others too. Hieroglyphics is a form of writing made up of hundreds of symbols and pictures. Pyramids were built to protect the pharaoh's body when he died. The pyramid or tomb contained all of the things the pharaoh would need to get to the Land of the Dead. The pyramid's job was to protect the pharaoh from floods, grave robbers, and many other things. Pyramids were built by thousands of farmers when the Nile flooded because they couldn't work in their fields. Astronomers helped by telling, where true north was so that they could put the entrance there. Artisans would go to find stones where ever they could and cut them into shapes that were needed for construction. Then, they would ship to the pyramid site. The builders would use a ramp to position the stones. After Ramses II, pharaohs had a hard time keeping neighboring countries from invading them. They were eventually worn down. One country after another controlled them. By 1150 BC, Egyptians only controlled the Nile Delta. By 900 BC, they had lost everything. Bibliography Glenco, 1994,Ancient Egypt,The Nile Valley,Egypt's Old Kingdom,The Egyptian Empire, Egyptian Gods Prezi Pictures That is all from Ancient Egypt Narmer, King of Upper Egypt, Ied his armies into Lower Egypt to take control. He United Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. This Kingdom remained united for a long time after his death.