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Psychology Concept Map

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Keara MacDonald

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of Psychology Concept Map

Psychology Concept Map
Plato
~428 B.C.E. - ~348 B.C.E.
Greek
Contributions: Platonic Realism, Theory of forms, platonic epistemology
Aristotle
348 B.C.E.-322 B.C.E
Greek
Influences: Plato
Contributions: Four causes; formal, efficient, material, formal. Elements; Earth, Wind, Fire, Water, Quitessence. Three souls; Vegitative, Intellectual, Sensitive.
Francis Bacon
Jan. 22, 1561-Apr. 9, 1626
English
Influences: Plato, Aristotle
Contributions: Idols; Marketplace, Theatre, Tribe.
René Descartes
Mar. 31, 1596-Feb. 11, 1650
French
Influeces: Plato, Aristotle
Contributions: Method of Radical Doubt, The "Cogito Proof", Cartesean Dualism, Cartesean Realism
John Locke
Aug. 29, 1632-Oct. 28, 1704
English
Influences: Plato, Aristotle, Descartes
Contributions: Tabula Rasa, empiricism, education of children, thoughts on God's existence
George Berkeley
Mar. 12, 1685-Jan. 14, 1753
English
Influences: Locke
Contributions: Subjective Idealism
David Hartley
Aug. 30, 1705-Aug. 28, 1757
English
Influences: Locke
Contributions: Associationist Psychology, Doctrine of Vibrations, Doctrine of Associations
David Hume
May 7, 1711-Aug. 25, 1776
Scottish
Influences: Descartes, Locke, Berkeley
Contributions: Skepticism, Three Laws of Association of Ideas; Resemblance, Contiguity, Cause and Effect.
Immanuel Kant
Apr. 22, 1724-Feb. 12, 1804
German
Influences: Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Hume
Contributions: Epistemology, Pure Concepts of Understanding, Innate Structures of Mind
G. W. F. Hegel
Johannes Muller
Jul. 14, 1801-Apr. 28, 1858
German
Influences: Hegel
Contributions: Pathological Histology
Gustav Fechner
Apr. 19, 1801-Nov. 18, 1887
German
Contributions: Early Experimental Psychology, Psychophysics
Ernst von Brucke
Jul. 6, 1819-Jan. 7, 1892
German
Influences: Muller
Contributions: Psychodynamics
Hermann von Helmholtz
Aug. 31, 1821-Sept. 8, 1894
German
Influences: Muller
Contributions: Nerve Physiology, Electromagnetism
Wilhelm Wundt
Aug. 16, 1832-Aug. 31, 1920
German
Influences: Muller, Fechner
Contributions: First Psychology Lab, Voluntarism
William James
Jan. 11, 1842-Aug. 26, 1910
American
Influences: Hartley, Hume, Fechner, Helmholtz
Contributions: Double aspect Dualism or Parallelism, American Psychology, Stream of Consciousness, Adaptive Consciousness, Theory of the Self; Material or Empirical, Social, Spiritual, Pure Ego. Functionalism
Carl (Carolus) Linnaeus
May 23, 1707-Jan. 10 1778
Swedish
Influences:
Contributions: Seperate distinct species, two word classification system
George Buffon
Sept. 7, 1707-Apr. 16, 1788
French
Influences: Locke
Contributions: Monogenism, Degeneration
Georges Cuvier
Aug. 23, 1769-May 13, 1832
French
Influences: Buffon
Contributions: Principle of Correlation of Parts, Catastrophist, Special Creationist
Erasmus Darwin
Jean Baptiste Lamarck
Dec. 12, 1731-Apr. 18, 1802
English
Influences: Hume
Contributions: Thoughts on Evolution
Aug. 1, 1744-Dec. 18, 1829
French
Influences: Buffon
Contributions: Lamarckism, Inheritance of acquired characteristics, species move toward perfection, Uniformitarian
Charles Darwin
Feb. 12, 1809-Apr. 19, 1882
English
Influences: E. Darwin
Contributions: Natural Selection, Species Variability
Herbert Spencer
Apr. 27, 1820-Dec. 8, 1903
English
Influences: C. Darwin, Lamarck
Contributions: Social Darwinism, Survival of the Fittest
Thomas Henry Huxley
May 4, 1825-Jun. 29, 1895
English
Influeces: C. Darwin
Contributions: Scientific Education, Evolution, Agnosticism
G. Stanley Hall
Feb. 1, 1844-Apr. 24, 1924
American
Influences: James
Contributions: Anomalistic Psychology, Child Behavior Development
Franz Brentano
Jan. 16, 1838-Mar. 17, 1917
German
Influences: Aristotle
Contributions: Intentionality
Carl Stumpf
Apr. 21, 1848-Dec. 25, 1936
German
Infuences: Brentano
Contributions: Phenomenology, Sensational Phenomena
Conway Lloyd Morgan
Feb. 6, 1852-Mar. 6, 1936
English
Influences: Huxley
Contributions: Methodological empiricism, Trial and Error learning
Emil Kraepelin
Feb. 15, 1856-Oct. 7, 1926
German
Influences: Wundt
Contributions: Diagnostical and Statistical Manual of Mental Diseases
Sigmund Freud
May 6, 1856-Sept. 23, 1939
Austrian
Influences: Brentano, Brucke
Contributions: Psychoanalysis, Repression, The Unconscious, Libido
Christian von Ehrenfels
Jun. 2, 1859-Sept. 8, 1932
Austrian
Influences: Brentano
Contributions: Gestalt Theory
Jean Martin Charcot
Nov. 29, 1825-Aug. 16, 1893
French
Influences: Mesmer
Contributions: Studies of Hypnosis, Studies of Hysteria
Eugen Bleuler
Apr. 30, 1857-Jul. 15, 1939
Swiss
Influences: Charcot, Freud
Contributions: Schizophrenia, Schizoid, Autism, Eugenic Sterilization
Alfred Binet
Jul. 8, 1857-Oct. 18, 1911
French
Influences: Charcot
Contributions: Intelligence Testing
John Dewey
Oct. 20, 1859-Jun. 1, 1952
American
Influences: Locke, Kant, Darwin, James, Wundt
Contributions: Functional Psychology, Reflexive Thinking
James McKeen Cattell
May 25, 1860-Jan. 20, 1944
American
Influences: Wundt
Contributions: Eugenics, Mental tests; Memory, Reaction time.
James Mark Baldwin
Jan. 12, 1861-Nov. 8, 1934
America
Influences: Wundt
Contributions: Epistemology, Organic Selection, Baldwin Effect
Mary Whiton Calkins
Mar. 30, 1863-Feb. 26, 1930
American
Influences: James
Contributions: Dreams, Memory, Self-Psychology
Henry H. Goddard
Aug. 14, 1866-Jun. 18, 1957
American
Contributions: Eugenics, Research on Mental Retardation
Lightner Witmer
Jun. 28, 1867-Jul. 19, 1956
American
Influences: Cattell
Contributions: Clinical Psychology, Special Education
E. B. Titchener
Jan. 11, 1867-Aug. 3, 1927
English
Influences: Wundt
Contributions: Introspection
James Rowland Angell
May 8, 1869-Mar. 4, 1949
American
Influences: Dewey
Contributions: Functional Psychology
Alfred Adler
Feb. 5, 1870-May 28, 1937
Austrian
Influences: Freud
Contributions: Individual Psychology, Inferiority Complex, Holism
E. L. Thorndike
Aug. 31, 1874-Aug. 9, 1949
American
Influences: James, Cattell
Contributions: Connectionism, Educational Psychology
Carl Jung
Jul. 26, 1875-Jun. 6, 1961
Swiss
Influences: Bleuler
Contributions: Archetypes; Extroversion and Introversion. Analytical Psychology, Collective Unconscious, Synchronicity
lewis Terman
Jan. 15, 1877-Dec. 21, 1956
American
Contributions: Educational Psychology, Eugenics
John B. Watson
Jan. 9, 1878-Sept. 25, 1958
American
Influences: Angell
Contributions: Behaviorism, Little Albert Experiment
Max Wertheimer
Apr. 15,1880-Oct. 12, 1943
Austrian-Hungarian
Influences: Stumpf
Contributions: Gestalt Psychology, Phi Phenomenon
Clark L. Hull
May 24, 1884-May 10, 1952
American
Influences: Watson, Pavlov
Contributions: Learning and Motivation, Drive Theory
Edward Chace Tolman
Apr. 14, 1886-Nov. 19, 1959
American
Influences: Koffka, Lewin
Contributions: Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Map, Decision Theory
Kurt Koffka
Mar. 18, 1886-Nov. 22, 1941
German
Influences: Stumpf
Contributions: Gestalt Psychology, Developmental Psychology
Wolfgang Kohler
Jan. 22, 1887-Jun. 11, 1947
German
Influences: Stumpf
Contributions: Gestalt Psychology
Kurt Lewin
Sept. 9, 1890-Feb. 12, 1947
German-American
Influences: Stumpf
Contributions: Genidentity, Action Research, Change Process, Group Dynamics
Francis Cecil Sumner
Dec. 7, 1895-Jan. 12, 1954
American
Influences: G. Stanley Hall
Contributions: Black Psychology
Fritz Heider
Feb. 19, 1896-Jan. 2, 1988
Austrian
Influences: Lewin, Kohler, Wertheimer
Contributions: Balance Theory, Attribution Theory
Jean Piaget
Aug. 9, 1896-Sept. 16, 1980
Austrian
Influences: Baldwin
Contributions: Constructivism, Genetic Epistemology, Theory of Cognitive Development, Object Permanence
L. S. Vygotsky
Nov. 17, 1896-Jun. 11, 1934
Russian
Influences: Lewin, Kohler, Wertheimer, Adler
Contributions: Cultural-Historical Psychology, Zone of Proximal Development
Solomon Asch
Sept. 14, 1907-Feb. 20, 1996
Polish
Influences: Wertheimer
Contributions: Social Psychology, Conformity Experiments
Kenneth W. Spence
May 6, 1907-Jan. 12 1967
American
Influences: Hull
Contributions: Neo-Behaviorism, Learning and Motivation
Kenneth Clark
Jul. 24, 1914-May 1, 2005
American
Influences: Sumner
Contributions: Doll Experiment, Coloring Test
Thomas S. Kuhn
Jul. 18, 1922-Jun. 17, 1996
American
Influences: Piaget
Contributions: Paradigm Shift, Incommensurability, "Normal" Science
Stanley Milgram
Aug. 15, 1933-Dec. 20, 1984
American
Influences: Asch
Contributions: Six degrees of Seperation, Obedience Experiment, Lost letter Experiment, Anti-social Behavior Experiment, Cyranoids
Anton Mesmer
May 23, 1734-Mar. 5, 1815
German
Contributions: Hypnotism, Animal Magnetism
Classical
Medieval
Empiricism
Natural Theologists
Transmutationist
Ernst Haeckel
Feb. 16, 1834-Aug. 9, 1919
German
Influences: Lamarck, C. Darwin
Contributions: Recapitualtion
Francis Galton
Influences: E. Darwin
Contributions: Hereditary Genius, Eugenicist, Co-Relation Coefficient
Aug. 27, 1770-Nov. 14, 1831
German
Influences: Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Kant
Contributions: Organicism, Evolution, Historicism, Cultural determinism and Relativism
Gestaltists
Joseph Breuer
Jan. 15, 1842-Aug. 26, 1910
Austrian
Influences:
Contributions: Anna O., "Cathartic Method, Equlibrium of the inner ear
Ivan Sechenov
Aug. 13, 1829-Nov. 15, 1905
Russian
Influences: Muller, Helmholtz
Contributions: Central inhibition, Neural impulses and the Brain
Ivan Pavlov
Sept. 26, 1849-Feb. 27, 1936
Russian
Contributions: Classical Conditioning, Transmarginal Inhibition, Behavior Modification
Jacques Loeb
Apr. 7, 1859-Feb. 11, 1924
German
Contributions: Animal Tropisms, Heteromorphosis, Artificial Parthenogenesis
Evolutionists
Mar. 20, 1904-Aug. 18, 1990
American
Influences: C. Darwin, James, Loeb, Thorndike, Pavlov
Contributions: Operant Conditioning, Schedule of Reinforcement
B. F. Skinner
John Bowlby
Feb. 26, 1907-Sept. 2, 1990
English
Contributions: Attachment and Loss Theory
Mary Salter Ainsworth
Dec. 1, 1913-Mar. 21, 1999
American
Influences: Bowlby
Contributions: Attachment Theory, Strange Situations
Albert Bandura
Dec. 4, 1925-Present
Canadian-American
Influences: Hull, Spence
Contributions: Social-Cognitive Theory, Self-Efficacy, Bobo Doll Experiment
Behaviorist
Idealist
Materialists
Eugenicists
By Keara MacDonald
Psychology. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved November 23, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology
Cox, B. D. (2014).The evolution of the science of psychology. Manuscript in preparation. pp.8-849
1. Plato(428B.C.E.-???)
http://www.ourcivilisation.com/smartboard/shop/warnerr/plato.jpg
2. Aristotle (384-322B.C.E)
Student of: Plato
Important Contribution: Four causes: formal cause or essence, material cause, efficient cause, final cause. Four elements : Earth, wind, fire, water, Quitessence=heavenly orb material. Three souls: Vegetative soul, Sensitive soul, Intellective Soul.
http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/84/87984-004-5ADE9ACA.jpg
3. Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Follows:
Contributions: Idols: Idols of the tribe, idols of the cave, idols of the marketplace, idols of the theater.
http://a3.files.biography.com/image/upload/c_fill,dpr_1.0,g_face,h_300,q_80,w_300/MTIwNjA4NjMzNzMxNzc4MDYw.jpg
4. Rene Descartes (1596-1650)
Follows: Aristotle
Important Contributions: Method of radical doubt, the “cogito Proof”, Cartesian Dualism, Cartesian Rationalism.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Frans_Hals_-_Portret_van_Ren%C3%A9_Descartes.jpg
5. John Locke (1632-1704)
Follows: Robert Boyle, Thomas Sydedham, Isaac Newton, Robert Hooke.
Contributions: Empiricism, education, gods existence.
http://raymondpronk.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/john-locke-portrait.jpg
6. George Berkeley (1685-1753)
Follows:
Contributions: Subjective Idealism,
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-AS50owVuljQ/TfJo0QSc2fI/AAAAAAAAABQ/MXn3YFq87NE/s1600/berkeleyhartportrait2.jpg
7. David Hartley(1705-1757)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/David_Hartley_portrait.jpg
8. Carl (Carolus) Linnaeus (1707-1778)
http://www.mnh.si.edu/exhibits/linnaeus/images/linnaeus_md.jpg
9. George Buffon (1707-1788) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5e/Buffon_1707-1788.jpg
10. David Hume (1711-1776)
Follows:
Contributions: Skepticism, three laws of association of ideas,
http://www.philosophypages.com/vy/hume1.jpg
11. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
http://www.philosophers.co.uk/immanuel-kant.jpg
12. Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802)
http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/images/darwin_e.jpg
13. Anton Mesmer (1734-1815)
http://media-1.web.britannica.com/eb-media/74/160374-004-47E5ED41.jpg
14. Jean Baptiste Lamarck(1744-1829)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Jean-Baptiste_de_Lamarck.jpg
15. George Cuvier (1769-1832)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/78/Georges_Cuvier_3.jpg
16. Gustav Fechner (1801-1887)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Gustav_Fechner.jpg
17. Johannes Müller(1801-1858)
https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/images/c/cf/Johannes_Muller.jpg
18. Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
http://a4.files.biography.com/image/upload/c_fill,dpr_1.0,g_face,h_300,q_80,w_300/MTE5NDg0MDU0OTM4NjE3MzU5.jpg
19. Claude Bernard(1813-1878)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Bernard_Claude.jpg/220px-Bernard_Claude.jpg
20. Ernst Brücke (1819-1892)
http://media-1.web.britannica.com/eb-media/83/30283-004-0DC9422E.jpg
21. Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
http://www.iep.utm.edu/wp-content/media/spencer1.jpg
22. Hermann Helmholtz (1821-1894)
http://www.nndb.com/people/445/000072229/helm9-sized.jpg
23. Francis Galton (1822-1911)
http://education-portal.com/cimages/multimages/16/galton.jpg
24. Thomas Henry Huxley(1825-1895)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2e/T.H.Huxley(Woodburytype).jpg
25. Jean Martin Charcot(1825-1893)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/Jean-Martin_Charcot.jpg
26. Ivan Sechenov (1829-1905)
http://www.es.flinders.edu.au/~mattom/science+society/lectures/illustrations/lecture30/sechenov.jpg
27. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)
http://www.appsychology.com/HowPass/WWPsy/Wundt/Wundt3.jpg
28. Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2f/Ernst_Haeckel_2.jpg
29. Franz Brentano (1838-1917)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/db/Franz_Brentano.jpeg
30. William James (1842-1910)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/William_James_b1842c.jpg/220px-William_James_b1842c.jpg
31. Josef Breuer (1842-1925)
http://eric-marie-martin.e-monsite.com/medias/album/joseph-breuer.jpg
32. G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924)
http://media-1.web.britannica.com/eb-media/51/19551-004-BC668069.jpg
33. Carl Stumpf (1848-1936)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6c/Carlstumpf.jpg/220px-Carlstumpf.jpg
34. Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
http://media-1.web.britannica.com/eb-media/93/9693-004-78E28DB4.jpg
35. Conway Lloyd Morgan (1852-1936)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/3f/Lloyd-Morgan.jpg
36. Emil Kraepelin(1856-1926)
http://fred5080145.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/emil_kraepelin.jpg
37. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
http://a2.files.biography.com/image/upload/c_fill,dpr_1.0,g_face,h_300,q_80,w_300/MTIwNjA4NjMzODE2OTA5MzI0.jpg
38. Christian von Ehrenfels (1856-1932)
http://www.bildarchivaustria.at/Bildarchiv//BA/938/B12992673T12992678.jpg
39. Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939)
http://www.ebooks-library.com/images/Authors/OEBX.jpg
40. Alfred Binet(1857-1911)
http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/53/158353-004-18324BFF.jpg
41. Wilhelm Fliess(1858-1928)
http://www.mirabiografias.com/biografias04/wilhelm-fliess-2.jpg
42. John Dewey(1859-1952)
http://www.toptenz.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/americanphilosophers1.jpg
43. Jacques Loeb (1859-1924)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/32/Jacques_Loeb_1923.jpg
44. James McKeen Cattell (1860-1944)
http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/69/13069-004-5BD3495C.jpg
45. James Mark Baldwin(1861-1934)
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/James_Mark_Baldwin_1917.jpg
46. Mary Whiton Calkins(1863-1930)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/af/Mary_Whiton_Calkins.jpg
47. H. Herbert Goddard (1866-1957)
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-9JefI40Stp4/UKUgDR5AroI/AAAAAAAAG3w/wQ5vhj0gFJ0/s320/goddard+1938.jpg
48. Lightner Witmer (1867-1956)
http://historyofmentalhealth.files.wordpress.com/2014/06/lightner-witmer-2.jpg?w=490
49. E. B. Titchener (1867-1927)
http://www.jstor.org/literatum/publisher/jstor/journals/content/isis/2010/652686/657473/production/images/large/fg1.jpeg
50. James Rowland Angell(1869-1949)
http://images.fineartamerica.com/images-medium-large-5/1-james-rowland-angell-granger.jpg
51. Alfred Adler (1870-1937)
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-WQTcqKizNDM/T_C3A32gZPI/AAAAAAAAC9I/IkG0ny58uHI/s1600/Adler_Giobbi.jpg
52. (E. L.) Thorndike (1874-1945)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/67/Edward_Thorndike.jpg
53. Carl Jung (1875-1961)
http://ashevillejungcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Carl-Jung-300x240.jpg
54. Lewis Terman(1877-1956)
http://electronicdesign.com/site-files/electronicdesign.com/files/uploads/2011/12/terman180x224.jpg
55. John B. Watson (1878-1958)
http://270c81.medialib.glogster.com/media/ed/ed8ea9f42cbb79a9b2231d4e0295d557b1c7cf9d0afb34be96d1c689763f94bc/john-b-watson.jpg
56. Max Wertheimer (1880-1943)
http://www.all-of-grace.org/pub/wertheimer/max.jpg
57. Clark L. Hull (1884-1952)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ce/ClarkHull2.jpg
58. Edward Chace Tolman(1886-1959)
http://www.spicynodes.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/tolman_edward.jpg
59. Kurt Koffka (1886-1941)
http://media-1.web.britannica.com/eb-media/20/10420-004-6AB1A856.jpg
60. Wolfgang Köhler (1887-1967)
http://8fb80e.medialib.glogster.com/media/032e9db5e6f10fae5bd6c16da621b6a18e4527a9d05fe8305c315cee5b879a4a/koehler-2.jpg
61. Kurt Lewin (1890-1947)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/0/05/Kurt_Lewin_Photo.jpg
62. Francis Cecil Sumner(1895-1954)
http://legacy.earlham.edu/~knigher/sumner.jpg
63. Fritz Heider(1896-1988)
http://psyblog.nl/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Fritz-Heider.jpg
64. Jean Piaget (1896-1980)
http://a4.files.biography.com/image/upload/c_fill,dpr_1.0,g_face,h_300,q_80,w_300/MTIwNjA4NjMzOTQxMjMxMTE2.jpg
65. L. S. Vygotsky (1896-1934)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/7/7e/Lev_Vygotsky.jpg
66. B. F. Skinner (1904-1990)
http://www.skeptically.org/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/skinner-80s-smiling.jpg
67. Solomon Asch(1907-1996)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/8/8d/Solomon_Asch.jpg
68. Kenneth W. Spence(1907-1967)
http://www.lifecircles-inc.com/Learningtheories/behaviorism/Spence_files/page28_1.jpg
69. John Bowlby(1907-1990)
http://shvedovskaya.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/bowlby-john.jpg
70. Mary Salter Ainsworth(1913-1999)
http://www.psychologystandard.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Mary-Ainsworth-255x300.jpg
71. Bärbel Inhelder (1913-1997)
http://archivespiaget.ch/typo3temp/pics/026facb6c0.jpg
72. Kenneth Clark (1914-2005)
http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-16984569.jpg?size=67&uid=47d68652-1f16-4f2a-bac3-b2097be48552
73. Jerome Bruner (1915-Present)
http://00.edu-cdn.com/files/static/g/pcl_0001_0001_0_img0024.jpg
74. Thomas S. Kuhn (1922-1996)
http://www.denstoredanske.dk/@api/deki/files/17067/=42649009.jpg
75. Albert Bandura (1925-Present)
http://00.edu-cdn.com/files/static/g/pcl_0001_0001_0_img0016.jpg
76. Noam Chomsky (1928-Present)
http://www.ncscooper.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/noam-chomsky_big.jpg
77. Stanley Milgram (1933-1984)
http://www.is.wayne.edu/MNISSANI/PAGEPUB/milg.jpg

GWF Hegel http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/97/Hegel.jpg


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