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Copia de Explain Any Topic

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lorena uribe

on 21 April 2016

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Transcript of Copia de Explain Any Topic

1. PRONOUNS
A pronoun is defined as a word or phrase that may be substituted for a noun or noun phrase, which once replaced, is known as the pronoun’s antecedent.
A pronoun can act as a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, and more.
Most pronouns are very short words.
Examples include:

- He
- She
- They
- It
- We
Who

Anytime you want to talk about a person, animal, place or thing, you can use pronouns to make your speech or writing flow better.

1.1 PERSONAL PRONOUNS
A pronoun is a word or form that we can use instead of a noun or noun phrase.

Personal pronouns are used to represent the number of people (I/we), gender (he/she), person(I/you) and case (we/us).

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

CURSO DE INGLÉS BÁSICO
1. PRONOUNS
1.1 PERSONAL PRONOUNS
1.2 DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
1.3 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
1.4 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

RULES OF PRONOUNS
There are a few important rules for using pronouns. Soon you’ll see that pronouns are easy to work with.

Subject pronouns may be used to begin sentences.
For example: We did a great job.

Subject pronouns may also be used to rename the subject.
For example: It was she who decided we should go to Hawaii.

Indefinite pronouns don’t have antecedents. They are capable of standing on their own.
For example: No one likes the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard.

Object pronouns are used as direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions. These include: you, me, him, her, us, them, and it.
For example: David talked to her about the mistake.

Possessive pronouns show ownership. They do not need apostrophes.
For example: The cat washed its whiskers.
GRAMMAR CHECK

Do not combine a subject pronoun and an object pronoun in phrases like her and I or he and me. Whenever and or or links an object pronoun (her, me) and a subject pronoun (he, I), one of those pronouns will always be wrong.
Incorrect: Her and I went home.Correct: She and I went home. (She went and I went.)

1.2 DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that is used to point to something specific within a sentence. These pronouns can indicate items in space or time, and they can be either singular or plural.

Because there are only a few demonstrative pronouns in the English language, there are just three simple rules for using them correctly. Remember them and you will have no difficulty using these surprisingly interesting parts of speech.
► Demonstrative pronouns always identify nouns, whether those nouns are named specifically or not. For example: “I can’t believe this.” We have no idea what “this” is, but it’s definitely something the writer cannot believe. It exists, even though we don’t know what it is.
► Demonstrative pronouns are usually used to describe animals, places, or things, however they can be used to describe people when the person is identified, i.e., This sounds like Mary singing.
► Do not confuse demonstrative adjectives with demonstrative pronouns. The words are identical, but demonstrative adjectives qualify nouns, whereas demonstrative pronouns stand alone.

This
  was my mother’s ring.
That
  looks like the car I used to drive.
These
  are nice shoes, but they look uncomfortable.
Those
  look like riper than the apples on my tree.
Such
  was her command over the English language.
None
  of these answers are correct.
Neither
  of the horses can be ridden.
1.3 POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
Possessive pronouns are, in short, exactly that: they are the pronouns that help us show possession in the English language. Usually to show possession, we have two options that are grammatically correct.
First, we can use an apostrophe and an s: 
♠ Sarah’s brother was named Alex.

Or, we can use of: 
♠ The brother of Sarah was named Alex.

However, when we want to use a pronoun to show possession, we cannot use subject pronouns. Does the following sentence make sense? 
♠ He name was Alex.

No: the reason is this. “He” is a subject pronoun. Replace it with the appropriate possessive pronoun, and it will make a lot more sense: 
♠ His name was Alex.

This is our house. It's ours.
This is my bedroom. It's mine.
This is my brother's bike. It's his.

VOCABULARY

We use a reflexive pronoun when we want to refer back to the subject of the sentence or clause. Reflexive pronouns end in "-self" (singular) or "-selves" (plural).

When the Subject and the Object in a sentence refer to the same person or thing we use a Reflexive Pronoun.


♦ I gave myself 12 weeks to get in shape.
♦ You should buy yourself a new computer.
♦ Diane bought herself a new pair of shoes.
♦ Jeff read quietly to himself.
♦ The kitten groomed itself.
♦ We treated ourselves to a night on the town.
♦ The students are able to monitor themselves.

Los pronombres en inglés pueden clasificarse en: personales (o nominales), acusativos, indefinidos, posesivos, relativos y recíprocos. Los pronombres son palabras que señalan o sustituyen a otras que normalmente ya se han nombrado.
DÍAS DE LA SEMANA (DAYS OF THE WEEK)

Sunday - domingo
Monday - lunes
Tuesday - martes
Wednesday - miércoles
Thursday - jueves
Friday - viernes
Saturday - sábado
MESES (MONTHS)

January - enero
February - febrero
March - marzo
April - abril
May - mayo
June - junio
July - julio
August - agosto
September - septiembre
October - octubre
November - noviembre
December - diciembre
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