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Ultranationalism & Genocide
Transcript of Ultranationalism & Genocide
Holocaust The Nazis Genocide Of
The Jewish Peoples' The killing of members of a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group; causing serious bodily harm to members of the group; and deliberately inflicting on the group conditions calculated to bring about its physical destruction. An extreme form of nationalism. Ultranationalists are often fanatically loyal to their own nation and hostile and racist towards other nations. Genocide Ultranationalism The Holocaust was carried out by Nazi Germany, lead by Adolf Hitler and his party, The Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), more commonly known as the Nazi Party. The Holocaust officially started on November 7, 1938, when a Jewish minor assassinated Ernst vom Rath, a German Embassy Official in Paris. The Nazis used the assassination of vom Rath as an excuse to run the first State-run pogrom against the Jews. In the ensuing destruction across Germany, 91 jews were killed, synagogues were burned down, and nearly every Jewish run bussiness had its windows broken This time became known as Kristallnacht, or Night of Broken Glass. The Holocaust lasted for another 8 years, ending with Jews being killed in the gas chambers of the concentration camps. Officially the Holocaust is described as the mass murder of more than 5 million Jewish people within occupied Europe. Other ethnic groups who were targeted and killed by the Nazis included Soviet POWs, ethnic Poles, Romani's, Political and Religious groups against the Nazis "Final Solution", and Homosexuals. Although not officially included in the currently accepted definition of the Holocaust, these groups still suffered greatly at the hands of the Nazis. Throughout Hitler's campaign, he repeatedly blamed the Jews for their defeat in World War 1 and Germany's ensuring economic hardship. Hitler also put forward his ideals that Germans with blonde hair, blue eyes and fair skin were the "Master Race", and that Jews were the racial opposite and were actively engaged in an international conspiracy to keep the master race from assuming their rightful place as the rulers of the world. When Hitler first began his conquest of Europe, captured Jews were placed in ghettos in Lodz, Krakow, and Warsaw to await future plans. In these overcrowded ghettos, the Jews slowly died of starvation and disease. The turning point for the Jews came in 1941, when Hitler took the military gamble of invading the Soviet Union. Following behind the invading German army were 4 SS special action units. Their job was to find the Jews who were located in the remote villages scattered across the Soviet Union and kill them. These execution units were often aided by locals who were loyal to Germany In 1942, with the completion of the Death Camps, Hitlers plan for the Final Solution to the Jewish Question went into action. The captured Jews were transported like cattle; stuffed into unheated, poorly ventilated box cars with no water or sanitation. Many of the young and elderly died before they reached their destination. Once at the Death Camps, the men were separated from the women and children. Everyone then was sent to barracks where they were told to undress before heading to the showers. The women and girls then had their hair cut off before being hustled nude behind the men into a Shower House. Once everyone was crammed inside, the main door was slammed shut, making an airtight seal. Generators were then turned on and the deadly carbon monoxide fumes were pumped into the Shower House. This entire process was meticulously planned, right down to the very last detail During the Holocaust an estimated 6 million Jews were killed in occupied Europe during Hitlers and his Nazi Party's reign over Germany. Also affected were an estimated 5-11 million people who were not of Jewish descent, but were either in the way of Hitlers plan for having pure Germans as the master race or were against Hitlers plan for killing off the Jew. Hitler was actually very successful at keeping reports of the atrocities that were going on in Germany at the time from getting out to the public and the rest of the world. The first reports to reach the rest of the world came from the mass shootings that were going on in the Soviet Union. When the Jews of the Western countries heard what was going on, they held rallies to pressure their governments into doing something about it. As a result of the public's pressure, the Bermuda Conference was held from April 19-30, 1943. Nothing ever came of the Conference. Later in 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt responded to the public's outcry by creating the War Refugee Board(WRB), which helped in saving the lives of about 200 000 Jews. Other countries, such as Bulgaria and Italy refused Germany's demand that they deport all of their Jewish population, while neutral countries such as Denmark were able to successfully evacuate their entire population of Jews by sea. In the end though, relatively few people were actually willing to risk their own lives and help out the Jews. The Group Responsible for the Genocide The Time Period and Context of the Situation Ethnic Group Targeted Why They Were Targeted Genocidal Methods Scale of the Genocide Response by Other Nations Reason For The Rise of Ultranationalism At the end of World War 1, Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles, which made Germany accept responsibility for causing the War. Along with this admission came other terms such as disarmament, give up territory, and pay a fine equal to $442 Billion US today. These conditions greatly angered the German people and led to Inflation spreading across the country, which in turn, turned into hyperinflation. Then, in 1929, the US stock market crashed, throwing millions of Germans out of work and shutting down a couple of Germany's major banks. Hitler targeted the people who were hit the hardest, the working class, in his political campaign, and focused their anger towards a target, the Jews. Hitler provided a strong leadership for Germany and his propaganda campaigns fed information to the public that made the Jew's appear as the source of all of their trouble. This made it so that when Hitler started shutting the Jew's out of society, the rest of Germany went along with it. 1. Individual States are responsible for preventing, and protecting against aforementioned crimes within their borders.
2. Should an individual state be unable to protect against the aforementioned crimes, the individual community, the international community is to take collective action. Current UN Laws on Genocide and Crimes Against Hummanity