Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Disfluency: The Listener's Perspective

HW 11.12.15
by

Martin Corley

on 5 December 2018

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Disfluency: The Listener's Perspective

processing
representation
impression
uh...
bottle
can you
pass the
Disfluency: The Listener's Perspective
Martin Corley
PPLS, University of Edinburgh
please
Current Approach
emphasis on
dis
fluency
disfluencies are

events
how does the comprehension
system respond?
she hated the CD, but then she's never
liked my taste in
music
/
clothes
she hated the CD, but then she's never
liked my taste in, er,
music
/
clothes
(
84%
/
0%
)
N400
300-500 ms
fluent
disfluent
(Corley et al., 2007)
similar effects
for silences
but not for repetitions
(although there are later effects)
(MacGregor et al., 2009, 2010)
fluent
disfluent
BUT...
(Corley & Hartsuiker, 2011)
people faster to recognise targets post-disfluency


(Fox Tree, 2001)
AND...
"oddball" paradigm
P300
she hated the CD, but then she's never
liked my taste in
music
/
MUSIC
she hated the CD, but then she's never
liked my taste in, er,
music
/
MUSIC
250-400 ms
fluent
disfluent
did you hear this word?
music
/
clothes
(Collard et al., 2008)
music
/
MUSIC
I went into Waterstone's just because I never ever read, and, I really wanna get back into the swing of it. Sometimes it's nice to just kind of peruse the shelves a little bit and find a writer that perhaps you haven't seen before. Last time I went in, I was looking around and it seemed to be like there was a shelf just for "depression" style texts.
"fallax valley"
"This horse is a twenty-two length winner and couldn’- could not have gotten off to a better start erm in his last race ..."
Conclusions
excessive disfluency isn't desirable
but it is possible to be "fluently disfluent", and it's possible to "understand disfluency"

highlights the interdependence of, broadly, top-down (predictive) and bottom-up (attentional) processes in language comprehension

emphasises the importance of investigating "natural" natural language
Phil Collard, David Donaldson,
Ian Finlayson, Rob Hartsuiker,
Jia Loy, Anisa Jaswal, Lucy MacGregor,
Efia Malcolm, Amelie Osterrieth
http://edgwiki.wikidot.com
CPz
Cz
CPz
Thank
You
Disfluencies have a non-arbitrary distribution
prima facie evidence suggests that listeners don't "ignore" disfluency
complete models of comprehension have to deal with disfluency, whether it's "imperfection" or "information"
silent pauses, repetitions, prolongations, fillers (um, uh)
Disfluency
average disfluency rate about 6 per 100 words
Disfluencies tend to occur
before open-class or unpredictable words

before names of low-codability items

in uncertain answers to general knowledge questions

in lectures in the humanities!
(Maclay & Osgood, 1959; Beattie & Butterworth, 1979)
(Hartsuiker & Notebaert, 2010)
(Brennan & Williams, 1995)
(Schachter et al., 1991; 1994)
(Fox Tree, 1995; Bortfeld et al., 2001)
er... the treasure is behind the...
the treasure is behind the... er...
(Loy et al., 2016)
(Loy et al., 2016)
Full transcript