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Canada Webquest

6th Grade Webquest on Canada
by

Jessica Fielder

on 1 March 2015

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Transcript of Canada Webquest

Canada
I
Canada is divided into ten p
rovinces
.

A
province
is a political boundary that divides Canada into different regions, similar to our states.

The are three territories:
Northwest Territories
Yukon
Nunavut

Territories are run by Canada's federal government, were created by a federal law, and have less power than the provinces.

The major difference between provinces and territories is that provinces get to vote on changes to the constitution, but the territories do not.

Click next to visit each of the provinces on the map of Canada.

British
Columbia
Alberta
Saskatchewan
Manitoba
Ontario
Quebec
Newfoundland and Labrador
(this is one province!)
New
Brunswick
Prince Edward Island
Nova
Scotia
The Territories
Yukon
Northwest
Territories
Nunavut
Canada's Government
Canada is a
parliamentary democracy
and a
constitutional monarchy
.

This means that Canadians recognize
The Queen
as their
Head of State
.

The Governor General,
David Johnston
, carries out Her Majesty's duties in Canada

The Prime Minister,
Stephen Harper
is the Head of Government.

Together these three make up the Executive Branch of the Canadian Government.

Click through to zoom on each person.
Queen Elizabeth II
Ruling since 1953
Stephen Harper
Prime Minister since 2006
David Johnston
Governor-General since 2010

Roles and Responsibilities:

Appoints the Governor-General to carry out the Crown's duties in Canada

She is Canada's official head of state through which the entire authority of the government is set in motion and in whose name the laws are enacted.
Roles and Responsibilities:

Is appointed by the Queen and carries out the Queen's duties on a daily basis in Canada.

Ensures that Canada always has a Prime Minister

Is Commander in Chief of Military Forces

Promotes national unity and moral leadership by encouraging Canadians to be proud of their country by working together to build strong communities

Roles and Responsibilities

Leader of the party with the most support in Parliament and serves as Head of Government.

Chooses a cabinet that runs Canada's Federal Government

Meets with Premiers of the provinces to discuss the best way to share money and what is best for the people of that province.

Responsible for the decisions about what the government does, and when and how the government should do it.

Lives in the capital city of Ottowa, Ontario in the Prime Minister's house (similar to the White House).
Canada's Economy
With its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant Canada enjoys solid economic prospects.

Canada has changed from being a rural, agricultural society to being primarily industrial and urban

Canada’s economy is related to producing goods and services. This is done through importing and exporting goods.

Importing goods is when Canada buys, then sells goods that are developed in other countries, such as the United States.

Exporting goods, is when Canada ships their goods to other countries to be sold.
Imported Goods:

Exported Goods:
Fruits and Vegetables
Plastics
Motor Vehicles
Aircrafts
Office Machinery
Corn
Wheat
Metals
Lumber
Newsprint
History of Canada
The First Europeans in Canada

Spanish:
Interested in finding gold
They settled in the southwest United States, Mexico, Florida, and South America

British:
Interested in land
John Cabot founded Newfoundland (1497)
They also settled along the eastern coast of the United States (13 colonies)

French:
Interested in fur and the fur trade.
Jacques Cartier - First to St. Lawrence River and claimed it for France (1534)
Samuel de Champlain - Established first colony in Quebec (1608)


History of Canada
The 7 Years War

Also called the French and Indian War

Fought between the British and the French

The British won the war because:
They had more colonies
They had greater military help
The Indians helped the British (Iroquois - the strongest tribe in the east)
Important Dates:

1759 - Battle of Quebec
British took Quebec

1763 - Treaty of Paris
Britain got complete control of Canada

As a result, some French left for France, some stayed but resisted British culture.

At first, the British wouldn't let the French vote or hold office.

The first two British governors wanted French co-operation so they changed their minds.

1774 - Quebec Act
French allowed to keep their Catholic religion, French language, and French culture
History of Canada
Great Britain's Problem

Around the same time, the Revolutionary War was going on in the United States.

Some Americans remained loyal to the British and moved to Canada, but they didn't like the French influence.
Great Britain's Solution

They divided the land into two colonies:
Upper - British - Ontario
Lower - French - remained in Quebec

War of 1812:
French and British joined together to fight against the United States who tried to invade Canada.
History of Canada
After the War of 1812

French Canadians and British Canadians hated British rule.

They felt that Great Britain was too far away to understand their needs.

So.... In 1837 - Louis Papineau organized a revolt to establish Quebec as a separate country.

Result of the revolt: The British easily defeated Papineau.
Canada's Road to Independence

Britain sends Earl of Durham to Canada

Canadians want:
More control over the government
All provinces to unite

Great Britain only wanted Quebec and Ontario to unite. All provinces together could create a successful rebellion.
History of Canada
British / North American Act

Established July 1, 1867

Results:
Canada was still subject to British rule
Canada had their own central government
Now they could solve their own problems
Was established without a war
Canada - A Nation

People moved west to the plains region and established successful farms

1886 - Transcontinental Railroad

1896 - Gold and minerals found in Yukon Territory

Canada was on its way to wealth and importance
Quebec Independence Movement
Canadian History Review:

Canada was originally colonized by French (fur trade)

British wanted part of the fur trade; fought & won French and Indian War

Divided Canada into Upper Canada (British) and Lower Canada (French)

Lower Canada = Quebec

Canada was united in 1867--British North America Act

Most French Canadians lived in Quebec for hundreds of years

Spoke French & had a different culture than English-speaking Canadians

Most lived on farms and rarely left their villages

Most French Canadians Catholic while the majority of British Canadians were Protestant
Quebec -- Early 1900s
Catholic Church was powerful in these regions

Church helped people continue their traditional way of life

Most French Canadians still thought of themselves as French, not Canadian

Didn’t like the close ties Canada still held with the British
Quebec Independence Movement
French Canadians and World War I

Thought the war would only help the British, not Canada

Made many feel that the rest of Canada did not care about them

Some French Canadians began to feel that Quebec should become its own country…
A Separate Quebec

Idea of a separate French Canada spread slowly

At first, most French Canadians did not think that Quebec needed independence just to be French

By the 1960s, however, thinking had changed…

Many French Canadians had become Quebec nationalists & thought of themselves as Quebecois , not Canadians
Quebec Independence Movement
A Separate Quebec

By this time, Quebec had changed in many ways…

Growing populations pushed into farmlands & rural people grew poor

Many chose to leave farms & move to cities

Lives were very different now: stopped going to church, didn’t lead old traditional lives, English was spoken in most cities
Quebec's Independence

Many French Canadians felt that their language & culture might disappear

French language & culture is overwhelmed by English

Tired of feeling like second class citizens in their own country

Most started to think that Quebec should secede from Canada (be independent)

Separatists --want Quebec to “separate” from Canada
Quebec Independence Movement
A period of cultural and economic growth in Quebec during the 1960s and 1970s.

French influence began to assert itself against English domination, and momentum for Quebec independence grew.

Separatists began to use government, rather than violence, in an attempt to achieve Quebec independence from Canada

1980 & 1995--people of Quebec voted whether or not to secede
Both votes were in favor of staying Canadian

Last vote--49.4% voted to secede; 50.6% voted to stay Canadian…wow!

By a razor-thin margin, voters decided that Quebec should remain part of Canada.

Close results showed that the relationship between Quebec and the rest of Canada would continue to be a controversial issue.
What is the Quiet Revolution?
Quebec Independence Movement
Both Sides...
Those who opposed Quebec separatism argued that separatism would:

result in economic disaster for Quebec

called for people to display a spirit of national unity.
Those who supported Quebec separatism:

appealed to pride in their French language and culture

played on the resentment many felt toward English Canada for refusing to give Quebec more power to protect its culture.
Quebec Independence Movement
Canadian government does not want to allow Quebec to separate from Canada because:

It's a huge economic help to country

It's rich in natural resources

It has access to many waterways (shipping & trade)

Government has made several reforms in an attempt to keep separatists happy…
Quebec Independence Movement
Constitution Act
Was adopted in 1982; an attempt to placate separatists in Quebec

Set up two official languages in Canada (English AND French)
Canada is now Bilingual

Moved all constitutional power from Great Britain to Canada (finally)
Full transcript