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Argument Review: Claims

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Alisha Adams

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Argument Review: Claims

How would you explain the concept of the income gap to someone who has never heard about it? Why is the income gap and the economy something that people are so concerned about?

What are the elements of an Argument (*hint there are 4.5 parts)? Why is each part important? What do they do? *You may use any notes you have in your possession to answer these questions.
Mustang Minute
February 12, 2014

Often assumed to mean a quarrel between people.
In logical and critical thinking, an argument is a list of statements, one of which is the Claim and the others are the premises (reasons/evidence) or logical assumptions (warrants) of the argument.
An argument provides a set of reasons for accepting the Claim.
To give an argument is not to blindly attack or criticize someone it MUST provide logical reasons and evidence for the "attack.
Arguments can also be used to support other people's viewpoints.
What is an Argumentative Claim
Question 2: Why do you think that?
You cannot expect readers to accept your
just because you say so.
They look for you to support it with
—statements that, taken together, give readers a basis for accepting your claim.

To Argument or Not to Argument
5 Questions to ask yourself:
To Argument or Not to Argument
Argument Review: Claims
Question 1: What do you think?
Every argument is based on some Claim—a statement that readers do not already accept and that they will not accept without good reason.
5 Questions to ask yourself
Question 3: How do you know (your reasons are true)?
Readers may not accept your
unless you support them with
—statements, numbers, photographs, or other representations of states of affairs that your readers accept without question, at least for the purposes of the argument.
To Argument or Not to Argument
5 Questions to ask yourself
Question 4: Why do you think your Reasons support your Claim?
Readers may not see why your
support your
In this case, you need to supply a
—a general principle usually drawn from background knowledge shared by you and your reader that connects your Reasons to your Claim.
Think of the
as the foundation on which your argument rests.
If your reader does not accept your Warrant, s/he will most likely not accept your Claim or Reasons.
is most effective when it is articulated for in your paper. You must assume that your reader cannot get in your head and you must "hold their hand" through your thinking so that your reader will accept your Warrant.
To Argument or Not to Argument
5 Questions to ask yourself
Question 5: But what about this . . . alternative claim (reason, evidence or warrant) that does not support the claim in question?
A reader may have Counter-Claims (and counter-reasons, evidence, or warrants) that dispute the claim made in your argument.
You must acknowledge the reader’s skepticism and respond to it.
Hopefully your response will be convincing enough so that it dispels the reader’s doubts.
To Argument or Not to Argument
5 Questions to ask yourself
What is a Claim?
A claim is the main argument of an essay.
It is probably the single most important part of an academic paper. If your claim is boring or obvious, the rest of the paper probably will be too.
A claim defines your paper‟s goals, direction, scope, and exigence and is supported by evidence, quotations, argumentation, expert opinion, statistics, and telling details.
A claim must be argumentative. When you make a claim, you are arguing for a certain interpretation or understanding of your subject.
A good claim is specific. It makes a focused argument (MTV‟s popularity is waning because it no longer plays music videos) rather than a general one (MTV sucks).
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