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Unit 3: Nonfiction

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Lynsey Mize

on 5 November 2018

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Transcript of Unit 3: Nonfiction

Unit 3: Nonfiction
Elie Wiesel
Born in Sighet, Romania in 1928
Middle of 4 children
Two older, one younger sister
Family removed from their hometown in 1944, at the end of WWII.
Taken to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
After the war, reunited with his family members in France.
Lived in France and worked as a journalist and activist
Refused to write or talk about his experience during the Holocaust for 10 years
Moved on the United States in 1955 and became a US citizen.
Married his wife, Marion & had a son, Elisha.
Has written 57 books, both fiction & non-fiction
Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986 for speaking out against violence, repression, and racism.
Remains an active political activist on the topics of violence and human rights violations.
Analyzing the Development of Ideas
Rhetorical Devices
Repetition:
the reuse of a key word, phrase, or idea.
Parallel Structure:
the use of similar gramatical structures to express related ideas.
Restatement:
the expression of the same idea in different words to strengthen a point.
Rhetorical Questions:
inquiries that have obvious answers and are asked for effect.
Analogies
: comparisons that show similarities between things that are not otherwise alike.
Elements of Essays & Speeches
The author of either an essay or a speech always has a purpose for their writing. The details an author chooses to include are for his specific purpose.
An author may have more than one purpose in a single work.
For example, Night’s purpose is to inform readers of the injustices of the Holocaust, to persuade them to stand up in the fight for human writes, and to entertain by telling his life story.
Types of Essays
Expository Essays
—explains a topic by providing information about it or exploring an idea related to it.
Persuasive Essays
—attempts to convince readers to accept the writer’s point of view on an issue or to take a particular course of action.
Reflective Essays
—presents experiences that inspired the writer’s thoughts or feelings about a topic.
Narrative Essay
—tells the story of real life events or experiences.
Descriptive Essay
—provides specific details to create an impression of a person, an object, or an experience.
Night
His first book was a 900 page memoir that he published in Yiddish called
And the World Remained Silent
. He then rewrote a shortened 127 page version that he published in French called
Night
.
Recounts the story of Wiesel's experience during the Holocaust with his father in Auschwitz.
Night has since been published into 30 languages.
Has been Number 1 on the NY Times Best Seller list
Questions
Overarching Question:
How can we justify and understand tragedies like the Holocaust?
Group Questions
In groups of 8-10 discuss the questions on the papers given to you. Understanding these questions for yourself will help you to better understand some of the themes and ideas within the memoir.
Essay
-a short work of nonfiction that delivers a central idea or key concept about a specific topic and expresses the author’s point of view on the topic.
Speech
-a work of nonfiction that a speaker delivers to an audience. Also focuses on a specific topic and presents the speaker’s point of view on the topic.
Address
—a formal, prepared speech that is usually delivered by someone of importance.
Lecture
—a prepared, often formal speech that informs or instructs an audience.
Talk
—an informal speech delivered in a conversational style.
Sermon
—a prepared, often formal speech intended to teach or inspire.
Presentation
—a prepared speech about a topic; may include visual aids
Extemporaneous Speech
—a speech delivered without preparation, usually in a conversational style.

Types of Speeches
Types of support authors use to give readers reasons to believe their claims
Facts
—statements that can be proved to be true.
Statistics
—numerical data that presents important information on a subject.
Descriptions
—details that tell what something looks like, sounds like, and so on.
Examples
—specific cases that illustrate an idea.
Reasons
—statements that justify or explain a belief.
Expert Opinions
—statements made by people who have special knowledge of a topic.
Ways to organize an essay:
Chronological order
—presents events in the order in which they happen.
Spatial order
—presents details from left to right, top to bottom, near to far, and so on.
List organization
—presents connected details consecutively or sorts them into categories.
Comparison-and-contrast
—groups ideas according to their similarities and differences.
Cause-and-effect
—shows how one event causes another.
Problem-and-solution
—identifies a problem, then presents a way to solve it.

Close Read: Development of Ideas
techniques that an author uses to support and emphasize central ideas, create memories, and make a work memorable.
Unit Objectives
Analyze all types of nonfiction (speeches, essays, and longer works) for information, tone, rhetorical devices, and purpose.
Speeches/Essays in textbook
Your nonfiction Outside Reading choice
Create your own research presentation (essay & speech) on a topic of your choosing.
NO UNIT TEST! :)
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