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Transcript of Ernest Hemingway
The Old Man and the Sea
As a child, Hemingway loved to spend time outdoors, fishing in the waters of Walloon Lake. In Ernest's timeless tale of The Old Man and the Sea, the main character, Santiagp, is a fisherman who is very connected to nature and its greatest source of water.
Theme of Masculinity: Being a man is being strong and never giving up, "...man is not made for defeat...A man can be destroyed but not defeated" (Hemingway 103). The old man in the story endured much pain throughout his struggle, but Santiago fought through it, determined that even if the fish destroyed him it would never defeat him.
Farewell to Arms
The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber
The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber takes place in the jungle, which is perhaps the most natural of all places. In this story Hemingway shows his respect for nature when his character, Wilson, states that even in the sport of hunting an animal must not be left to suffer.
Theme of masculinity: Francis Macomber became a "man" when he could be courageous in the face of danger. When Francis stopped shying away from the ferocious beasts of the jungle is when he gained his masculinity.
Green Hills of Africa
Green Hills of Africa is a true story that describes Hemingway's experience on an African safari. This memoir provides detailed descriptions of the jungle, scenery, and animals seen throughout the trip.
As a child, Hemingway spent much of his time connecting with nature at Walloon Lake. Surrounding this lake were Indian camps. Although this book tells the story of Nick visiting an Indian camp, it relates to us what some of Ernest's experiences may have been like.
Theme of masculinity: One of the masculine traits that Hemingway liked to stress was calmness under pressure. As a doctor, Nick's father deals with a lot of pressure and stress, but the doctor is able to remain calm even in an emergency situation.
Theme of masculinity: Hemingway goes on this safari with some of his friends. In this book, he describes the competitive relationships that develop between the men during their hunt, but he ends the book by congratulating his friends on a good hunt.
The events of Ernest's childhood continued to have an effect on him and his works throughout his whole life.
When Ernest was young, his mother would insist on dressing him like a girl in order to make Ernest appear to be the twin of his older sister. Hemingway spent the rest of his life mistrusting women and trying to prove his masculinity.
Many events that took place during Hemingway's adult life also effected his works.
Ernest served in the Red Cross ambulance corps as an ambulance driver and also in the Italian infantry in World War II. He tried to stay as close to combat as possible; he had always loved exciting adventures.
One of Hemingway's favorite places was Walloon Lake. There, at the lake, Ernest spent much of his time outdoors learning to appreciate nature.
Like Hemingway, the main character was an ambulance driver in the Italian Army. Both the author and his character, Lieutenant Frederic Henry, had knee injuries then fell in love with the nurse who was caring for them.
Theme of masculinity: Lieutenant Frederic Henry didn't want to stay hospitalized for the recommended time. He wanted to go back and fight in the war.
The Sun also Rises
The narrator of the story is a war survivor. This character, Jake Barnes, met the love of his life when she was fixing his battle wound. Similarly, Hemingway met his love when he was being treated by a nurse during a war. Sadly, neither Ernest's nor Jake's love was fully returned.
Theme of masculinity: Romero is the character who perhaps portrays the most masculinity in this book. He is a strong bullfighter; even a bull who had previously gored a man cannot survive the skill and strength of Romero.
For Whom the Bell Tolls
In Our Time: Soldier's Home
Krebs has been to war, a war that he has left but that has not totally left him. Krebs goes through much of the same things that Hemingway would have gone through as a war veteran. Krebs needs to talk about the war in order to get past it, but nobody wants to listen to his stories when they have already heard many horrible stories.
Theme of masculinity: Krebs does not want a girl in his life. Courting a woman just seems like trouble to him. The war has taught him that he does not need a woman and Krebs is willing to believe this.
For Whom the Bell Tolls is another one of Hemingway's war-themed books. It takes place at the height of the Spanish Civil War. The main character, Robert Jordan enlists in the Republican side of the war to help Spanish guerrilla fighters. Jordan is given the task of leading a group of men in the destruction of a fascist-controlled bridge.
Theme of Masculinity: The group must blow up the bridge. This is a difficult and dangerous job that requires the limited resources they have and manpower.