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Astronomy - Amy Hanna

solar system, planets, mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, saturn, uranus, neptune, pluto, eris, ceres, space, amy hanna
by

amy hanna

on 11 May 2016

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Transcript of Astronomy - Amy Hanna

EARTH
PLUTO
Ceres, Asteroid Belt
Eris
What is the difference between a meteor, asteroid and comet?
Because our Earth is tilted, as we revolve around the sun we receive more direct sunlight (pointed towards the sun) in the summer and less in the winter (pointed away).
Moon
Seasons
Meteors
Comets
Asteroids

Stellar Evolution
Formation
of our
Solar System

Draw a solar and a lunar eclipse.
Describe the two forces that keep a star alive.
Our Solar System is near the edge of the Milky Way galaxy, thirty thousand light years from the Galactic Central Point (about 285,000,000,000,000,000 kilometres away!). There are over 250 billion (150,000,000,000) galaxies in the universe. It is impossible for us to count or see even a small fraction of them all.
The nearest galaxy to the Milky Way is the Andromeda Galaxy, which is 2.3 million light years away (21,850,000,000,000,000,000 kilometres). This galaxy is similar to the Milky Way in that it is a spiral galaxy, but it is four times bigger than the Milky Way.
Compared to the Solar System, galaxies are huge. Traveling at the speed of light, it would take about two seconds to go from the Earth to the Moon, and about 5 1/2 hours to go from the Sun to Pluto. It would take 25,000 years to go from the center of the Milky Way to the Sun's position.
Black hole in the center of our galaxy
Size of our Universe
If the nearest star is 4.2 light years away, how many miles would it be away from us. If we can travel at 55,000 mph...how long would it take to get there?
The Big Bang Theory
Write down your universe address.
Manned-Missions
What does NASA stand for?
With your partner, build a scaled down version of the solar system on your piece of white paper.

The sun needs to be relative size to the spacing of the planets.

The spacing all the planets needs to be correct.
Meteor Asteroid
Comet
2 Wksh
Brown piece of paper
Ruler
Calculator
Have out your grid sheet
Grab for you and your partner
Why are there seasons?
Why are there moon phases?
Grab your moon sheet from the side table.
What would happen if Earth did not have a tilt?
Planet
Astronauts
Facts
Planet name and square sheet
distance/diameter/year/day
One extra thing for the board
put these in order, describe each step in short
On February 1997, the Hubble Space Telescope had a new instrument installed. Called the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS), this equipment is the main black hole seeker on the telescope. A spectrograph splits any incoming light using prisms and diffraction gratings into a rainbow. The STIS can measure ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared wavelengths, allowing it to capture a wide range of places at once. The placement and intensity of the spectrum gives indispensable information to scientists. Every spectrum can be analyzed to find out the speed of which stars and gas swirl at a certain location. From this information, the mass of the object that the stars are orbiting can be found. A massive central object is found if the stars swirl quickly.
Galaxies
Galaxy Notes
•We live in the Milky Way Galaxy -- a large system of stars, gas (mostly hydrogen), dust and dark matter that orbits a common center and is bound together by gravity of a super massive black hole at the center.

•Our galaxy is spiral-shaped.

•The Milky Way is but one of hundreds of billions of galaxies in the universe.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
October 1, 1958
What would the moon phase be during a lunar eclipse?
Draw a 1st quarter moon as seen from Earth.
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AU= Astronomical Distance
1 AU= 93,000,000 miles (the distance from the sun to earth)
To find the planets AU's divide the planets distance from the sun by 93,000,000 miles.
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