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Transcript of Child Soldiers
The problem of child soldiers is most severe in Africa. Right now, children are fighting across the continent: in Chad, the Central African Republic, Sudan and South Sudan, Somalia, Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Once recruited, child soldiers may serve as porters or cooks, guards, human shields, messengers or spies. Many are pressed into combat, where they may be forced to the front lines or sent into minefields ahead of older troops. Some children have been used for suicide missions.
There is a simple reason armed groups use child soldiers: children are easier to manipulate. They don’t each as much food, don’t get paid and don’t have a highly developed sense of danger, making it all too easy to send them into the line of fire.
There are also plenty of new recruits. In many conflict-affected areas, children make up the majority of the population. There is a constant supply for armed groups, who often send children in the first wave of an attack so as to draw the enemy’s fire. It is estimated that over the last 15 years 10,000 children have been abducted by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) around Gulu in northern Uganda, alone.
Forced children soldiers started in the 1980's, that's about 33 years this has been going on since 2013.
In 1861, during the Civil War, people under the age of eighteen were allowed to participate in the war with their parent’s consent. Children as young as ten years old were allowed to participate in battle, serve as scouts, or act as nurses.
In Ancient Greece, child soldiers were used to protect the cities while men were away at war. In the 1300s, Ottoman Turks kidnapped Christian children and forced them to be loyal to the Ottoman Empire.In the 1900s is when child soldiers became popular throughout Africa. Both girls and boys are used as child soldiers. In some countries, like Nepal, Sri Lanka and Uganda, a third or more of the child soldiers were reported to be girls. In some conflicts, girls may be raped, or given to military commanders as "wives."
Children are most likely to become child soldiers if they are poor, separated from their families, displaced from their homes, living in a combat zone or have limited access to education. Although there are no exact figures, hundreds of thousands of children under the age of 18 serve in government forces or armed rebel groups. Some are as young as eight years old.Over the last ten years, two million children have been killed in conflict. Over one million child soldiers have been orphaned, over six million have been seriously injured or permanently disabled and over ten million have been left with serious psychological trauma.
There are an estimated 300,000 child soldiers in at least twenty countries in the world today. As well as being forced to fight, children are used as spies, couriers, cooks and cleaners. Girls are often forced into sexual slavery.
Some 40% of child soldiers are girls.
In spite of this, since 1998, over 100,000 child soldiers have been released from armed groups and reintegrated into their communities. Unicef has played a key part in this process across the globe.
Between 2008 and 2009, Unicef helped to reintegrate more than 24,000 former child soldiers, showing what can be achieved.Despite a government agreement in the District of Chad to demobilize the recruitment of child soldiers, there were between 7,000 and 10,000 children under 18 serving in combat and fulfilling other purposes in 2007. Global monitoring, in depth work on selected countries, and research and analysis on key thematic issues relating to child soldiers. What's the Issue? Who has been affected? Statistics Activists February 12 is Red Hand Day, a day of commemoration and campaigning across the world to draw attention to the plight of child soldiers.
Child Soldiers International, Save the Children, SOS Children, and Amnesty International are just a few organizations working to help relieve child soldiers from their duties and other children at risk. Works Cited Unicef, . "Children in war." Children as soldiers. N.p.. Web. 10 Apr 2013. <http://www.unicef.org/sowc96/2csoldrs.htm>.
"Children and War." child soldiers | Curious and Confused. N.p., 14 Dec 2011. Web. 11 Apr 2013.
"Staceyburr's Blog." child soldiers | Staceyburr's Blog. N.p.. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <http://staceyburr.files.wordpress.com/2010/02/childsoldiers3.jpg>.
"Child Soldiers News." Child Soldiers News, Information, Videos, Images. N.p.. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/Children_soldier.jpg/220px-Children_soldier.jpg>.
"Child soldiers, child survivors of torture." Child soldiers, child survivors of torture | World Without Torture. World Without Torture, 02 Jan 2012. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQH8bNo0Uv42xImWOUONmCcxFPac7VIBWvyZRwvCLrSkQV9PFU_wg>.
"We are Child Soldiers International." Child Soldiers International. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <http://www.child-soldiers.org/>.
Spagnoli, Filip. "Political Graffiti (19): Child Soldiers." Political Graffiti (19): Child Soldiers | P.a.p-Blog, Human Rights Etc.. N.p., 10 Dec 2008. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <http://filipspagnoli.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/child-soldiers-amnesty-international.jpg>.
. N.p.. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <http://www.hrw.org/news/2010/01/29/red-hand-day-campaign>.
. N.p.. Web. 11 Apr 2013. <http://cpwg.net/support-us/>.