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Transcript of Inhalants
Whippets Entering the Body Inhalants are depressants that affect the nervous system by slowing down the messages to and from the brain. Inhalants are inhaled through the nose or mouth or sprayed into a plastic bag, poured into a bottle or soaked onto a cloth. They are found around our home or office that give off fumes or vapours at room temperatures. There are four main categories of inhalants: Volatile Solvents, Aerosols, Gases and Nitrates. Inhalants usually come in plastic containers or bottles. Affects on the Body Mental Active Ingredients Withdrawal Symptoms Emotional Medical Uses Dangers/Harmful Consequences Canadian Laws Regarding Use of Drug Types Of Inhalants There are hundreds of various inhalants that are divided into four different categories: Volatile Solvents- liquids that become gas at a room temperature
Examples: gasoline, paint thinners and removers, glues and felt-tip marker fluids
Gases- include medical gases (ex: ether, nitrous oxide) and household or commercial products (ex: propane tanks, butane lighters and whipped cream dispensers)
Areosols- some of the most prevalent inhalants in the home
Examples: static cling sprays, spray paint, deodorant, hairspray and vegetable oil cooking sprays
Nitrites- found in some room deodorizers and capsules that release vapors when opened
Examples: amyl nitrate, butyl nitrate, cyclohexyl nitrate Inhalants can cause many physical changes in the body. When the vapors enter the body, some are absorbed by parts of the brain and nervous system. All of the inhalants except nitrites, slow down the body's function of the brain and spinal cord. However, nitrites work differently because they increase the size of blood vessels and relax the muscles. Short-term effects of inhaling include:
Decreased heart rate
Hallucinations or delusions
Losing feeling or consciousness
Nausea and vomiting
Loss of coordination
Loss of appetite
Nosebleeds, Affects on the Body Mood swings
Mental—feelings of euphoria
Violent behaviour Symptoms of withdrawal from inhalant use may include:
Craving for the drug. Inhalants are not controlled in Canada. However, inhaling or selling for the purpose of inhaling is illegal. The possession or use of inhalants is not prohibited under the federal law. In Alberta, recreational use is prohibited. The Alberta Public Health Act makes it an offence to use, sell, manufacture or distribute inhalants. The penalty for a first offence is a fine of between $500 and $1500 and/or six months’ imprisonment. In British Columbia, using inhalants or selling them to abusers is illegal. Long term effects include:
Headaches and nosebleeds
Loss of sense of smell or hearing
Brain, liver and kidney damage
Bone marrow damage A type of inhalant called Ether was used as a recreational drug during the 1920s Prohibition Era. Ether was commonly drunk as a substitute for alcohol since it was cheap. In the 1940s, recreational use of gasoline became popular. Then the abuse of inhalants increased in the U.S. during the 1950s. By the 1960s the practice of solvent sniffing has spread across a wide variety of commercial products. Now the use of inhalants is widespread among adolescents all over the world. Homeless children living in poor countries use inhalants to numb the pain of cold and hunger . British scientist Sir Humphry Davy popularized nitrous oxide. He held nitrous oxide parties and named the word "nitrous oxide" as "laughing gas" in 1799. Davy purposed that this gas could be used for operations after noting the anesthetics effects. However, this was not tried for another half century. Then the use of anesthetics for recreational purposes continued throughout the 19th century in Europe and the U.S. It is now used in hospitals. Active ingredients vary, but the most common ingredients are nitrous oxide, amyl nitrite, butyl nitrite, chlorohydrocarbons (aerosol sprays) and hydrocarbon (solvents). Most are volatile chemicals. Physical If you are addicted to inhalants, talk to your doctor, school counselor or nurse. They can help you get the help you need. Treatment for inhalant addiction is primarily behavioral (helping a person change behaviors). Talk to an expert in drug treatment that is trained to help and not to judge. They teach people how to function without drugs — handling cravings and avoiding situations that could lead to inhalant use. It can be difficult to stop without professional help and treatment. Therefore, overcoming an addiction cannot be done alone, everyone needs support. Quitting High ball
Pearls Statistics More than 22.9 million Americans have experimented inhalants at some point in their life
In 2007, inhalants were the substance that was most frequently abused by youth aged 12 or 13.
22%of inhalant abusers who died of Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome had no history of previous inhalant abuse. They were first-time users.
By the time students in the U.S reach the 8th grade, one in five will have used inhalants.
20% of youth in the 12 to 16 age group have tried inhalants Graphs Bibliography " CAMH: Inhalants." CAMH: Home. CAMH, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2013. <http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/health_information
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