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Summative Semester Project

Jake Huez, Jake Ryno, Luke lamkemeyer

Jacob Huez

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Summative Semester Project

Western Civilization By: Jacob Huez
Luke Lamkemeyer
Jake Ryno Pre-civilization Mesopotamia Egypt Hebrews Neo-Babylonians Greeks Persians Romans Assyrians A civilization Hebrews Neo-Babylonian Empire Neo-Babylonian Neo-Babylonian Art Nebuchadnezzar II Old Testament Saul Solomon First Iron Weapnons Assyrians Ashurnasirpal II Importing POWs
•Defeated Assyrians
•Traded metals and textiles
•Created hanging gardens in Babylonia Nebuchadnezzar II General
•Neighbor of Hebrews
•Lived near Tigris River
•Very brutal
•First To use iron weapons Government •Absolute Kings
•Well organized
•Excellent system of communication Society •Imported POWs and worked them into society
•Hybrid Culture
•Great Artist Social Structure •Men of rank and influence
•Privileged position
•People of the land
•There were no trades or merchant class Marriage/Family •Polygamy was accepted•Women played heroic roles in early history of Israel•Husband or father had complete control of wife and children including life or death Kings •Saul was 1st king
•Solomon built many buildings including temple of Jerusalem
•Death of Solomon creates split in Kingdom of Israel and Kingdom of Judah Religon •Law was 10 commandments
•Prophets were voice of god to people
•Universalism Kings •King Cyrus was their liberator
•King Natapolassa joined forces with the medes Persians - The Persian Empire would break apart in 735 B.C and go their separate ways
- Medes-Tribes / Persians-Persis
- Medes attacked the Assyrians and created the first ancient East Empire (Iran)
- Cyrus became the leader of the Persians in 559 B.C.
- He would dominate and eventually take over Medes
- Cyrus died in 530 B.C.
- Darius (521-486 B.C.)- Began Polytheistic
- They worshipped numerous gods associated with natural phenomena such as the moon and the sun, fire, wind and water.
- Their religious practices included, animal sacrifice, a reverence for fire and the drinking of a natural intoxicant made from the juice of the haoma plant.
- Around 600 B.C. the prophet and teacher Zoroaster, founded a new religion, Zoroastrianism.
- Zoroastrianism was a monotheistic religion.
- Ahuramazda was to be the only god, and was known as the 'wise lord"
- He would eventually separate good and evil. Social Structure - The Persian Empire would break apart in 735 B.C and go their separate ways
- It was broken down into Medes-Tribes / Persians-Persis
- Medes attacked the Assyrians and created the first ancient East Empire (Iran)
- Cyrus became the leader of the Persians in 559 B.C.
- He would dominate and eventually take over Medes
- Cyrus died in 530 B.C.
- Darius (521-486 B.C.)
-created the largest empire including 20 provinces (satreps)
-they had an excellent system of communication and 10,000 immortals Religion Romans Religion Precivilization - Their official state religion focused on worshipping of the Gods and Goddesses.
- Foreign Gods were adopted as Rome expanded.
- Humans were taught to be dependent on gods.
- Athletic competitions were held as religious events at first but then were later just for spectator events.
- Pontifex Maximus was the chief montiff
- athletic competitions became social citings, but grew from religion Social Organization - Rome was an Aristocratic Republic
- The family was the basis of the roman society
- Paterfamilias theoretically had unlimited power over his family. Greeks Religion Major Influences -Many Greek people recognized the major gods and goddesses such as Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, and Apollo
-Ancient Greek theology was based on polytheism
-The Greeks believed in an underworld where the spirits of the dead went after death. - olive oil
- system of writing
- art
- military Style of Government - monarchy
- this was the main form for the first 250 years. After last ice age
Move to agriculture, now can stay in one area Neolithic Revolution “new stone” All hunters and gatherers, used fire for first time,
stone tools, cave paintings Paleolithic Age “old stone” 250,000 years ago Homo sapiens “wise human being” About 1.5 million years ago
First hominid to leave Africa Homo erectus “upright human being” In Africa 3-4 million years ago
Made simple stone tools Hominids were earliest humanlike creatures Precivilization 200,000 – 150,000 years ago Homo sapiens sapiens “wise wise human being” Mesopotamia 12 month calendar, and had number system based off of number 60. Epic Mesopotamian story The Epic of Gilgamesh Cuneiform (“wedge-shaped”)
Sumerian became the chief spoken and written language (record keeping) Writing Well disciplined army.
Code of Hammurabi (eye for an eye) Hammurabi’s Empire Created after end of Akkadian Empire because Akkadians dominated over city-states. These were the independent city-states. Third Dynasty of Ur Semitic speaking people Akkadian Empire 90% of population was farmers Population Had woolen textiles, pottery, and wheel was invented. Usually largest building at the time. Ziggurat (temple) Surrounded by walls and had defense towers every 30 to 35 feet.
-Mudbricks City-states Land was enriched from overflow of rivers. Allowed for great soil. Between Tigris R. and Euphrates R. Mesopotamia Believed that kings derived power from gods. Kings Egypt Egypt invaded by Hyskos and they taught the Egyptians to use bronze. New Kingdom Brought by drought and decline in centralized authority.
Pharaoh was viewed as part of the people instead of god-king. Middle Kingdom Age of prosperity, and began building pyramids. Old Kingdom Deserts to west and east.
Rapids on southern part of the Nile. Barriers Enriched the land around it, “life enhancing” Nile River Egyptian Empire God of sun disk Aten Alexander The Great - Alexander inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army
- He is the worlds greatest military leader
-Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II of Macedon, to the throne in 336 BC after Philip was assassinated Rome Itself - built on 7 hills adjacent to the Tiber River
- legend says it was founded by 2 brothers,
Romulus and Remus
- Sacred Way was 1st road constructed through
Rome Education - no system for public education
- left up to families to instruct children
- boys
- educated in farming, and military
- girls
- taught good mother and wife skills
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