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UNIT 3: THEATRE

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Jeuri Silk

on 2 March 2017

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Transcript of UNIT 3: THEATRE

Content
The subject matter of the work
Medium
The material from which an art object is made
Audience
the group for whom a work of art, architecture, literature, drama, film or music is intended.
A LIVE EVENT
Theatre is a live event that only takes place once. No matter how carefully planned each performance results in a different experience.
Communication of all
5 Senses
Theatre
is a form of communication that we receive through all 5 of our senses
CHAPTER 8
SIX ELEMENTS OF THEATRE
UNIT 3 THEATRE
THE TEN TRAITS OF THEATRE
UNIT 3: THEATRE
Composition
The arrangement of constituent elements in an individual work.

Convention
An agreed-upon practice, dvice, technique or form. Ex. 14 line sonnet / belief of fiction for a time
Genre
the type of class to which a work of art belongs Ex. opera/ symphony

Style
the combination of distinctive elements of creative execution and expression, in terms of both form and content
Technique
The systematic procedure whereby a particular creative task is performed
Theme
The dominant idea of a work, the message the artist is trying to convey
1. A live action event
2. Actors
3. Audience
4. A particular place
5. A particular time
6. The present tense
7. A predetermined structure
8. Understood conventions
9. Communication through all 5 senses
10. A lasting impact
ACTORS
CREATE THE ACTION OF THE PLAY. WITHOUT ACTORS THERE IS NO THEATRE
AUDIENCE
WITHOUT AN AUDIENCE THEATRE CANNOT HAPPEN. AUDIENCES MUST BE ACTIVE PARTICIPANTS- THIS SHAPES YOUR EXPERIENCE
Think about the time periods (excluding late modern) we saw presented. Choose one time period and
write 3-5 rules that people of that time might have had for attending theatrical performances.
Particular Place & Time

Usually performed in a place designed for performances at a particularly scheduled time
Predetermined Structure


Acts-lengthy segments of a play

Scene- shorter segments of a play
Understood Conventions
Conventions: agreed upon rules of the game.
Ex. Curtain call: when the actors come out after a performance and take a bow and the audience applauds
Conventions
Aside: the other actors on stage pretend that they don't hear what what is being said and the audience joins the pretense


The Fourth Wall
Actors pretend that the audience is not there. Instead they pretend their is a wall.
Empathy
- a word that describes the human capacity for participating in another's feelings
1. Plot- "the life and soul of drama"
2. Character- "the agent for action"
3. Thought- the "message"
4. Diction- vocab used and order of words
5. Music- everything we hear in a performance
6. Spectacle- what the audience sees
least important of the 6 according
to Aristotle
Plot- "the life and soul of drama"
Character- "the agent for action"
Thought- the "message" of the play sometimes called theme
Diction- vocab used and order of words
Music- everything we hear in a performance
Spectacle- what the audience sees
least important of the 6 according
to Aristotle
Drama can be experience without the 6th element Ex. Radio shows
CHAPTER 10
THEATRE HISTORY
PREHISTORIC
GREEK
ROMAN
- performed in large open-air amphitheatres during festival honoring the god Dionysus



Chorus- a group of performers who sang and danced, often commenting on the action

Orchestra- large flat circle where most of the action takes place

Parados- a large aisle where the chorus made their ceremonial entrance at the beginning of the performance
We can only assume what the theatre of this time period was like.
People most likely performed stories of hunts or battles around a camp fire

The Romans succeeded the Greeks as the important civilization of Europe.

Large open-air amphitheatres

Were the first to build their theatres on flat ground instead of carving them out of hillsides

MIDDLE AGES
Some plays were performed by troups of actors and acrobats who traveled in
wagons called
Pageant Wagons
. These traveling wagons could be converted into stages and were quite elaborate.

Tiring House
- the backstage area of the pageant wagon




Mansion Stage- a platform stage that consisted of a wide rectangular stage with a number of separate house attached to the back of it. Also known as a “simultaneous stage.”

ELIZABETHAN THEATRE
-Time in which Shakespeare wrote and performed.

-Stages of this time were
Thrust Stages
The Globe Theatre was the most famous theatre of this time. It was shaped like an "O"
THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

Period of time in which there was a rediscovering of classical architecture, literature, and painting.

Theatres were built indoors so that rich nobles did not have to sit outside.
Stages were set up with what is known as Forced Perspective, a drawing technique which gave a 3-D look to stage backgrounds
From the French “a kind, a type, or a class”; a category of artistic, musical or literary composition, characterized by a particular style, form or content
GENRE
the genre of play that makes you laugh, has plots that end happily, and reaffirms the values you hold to be important
COMEDY
HIGH COMEDY
sometimes called a comedy of manners is filled with elegant,
rich characters who are very concerned with how they behave
Ex. The Importance of Being Earnest

DOMESTIC COMEDY
usually about the middle class people, and much of the laughter results from the awkward and embarrassing situations the character are put in by the crafty playwright

Ex. Sitcoms like Everybody Loves Raymond

LOW COMEDY
about characters we laugh at more because of what they do
Rather than what they say. Ex. Dumb and Dumber

2. FARCE
A play that makes you laugh a lot and leaves you feeling liberated by the wildly anarchic and improbable things that happen.
OR…A comic dramatic work using buffoonery and horseplay and typically including crude characterization and ludicrously improbable situations. Can make fun of or mock something (ex. People, politics, other genres)

EX: Roadrunner cartoons

DRAMA
a serious play that makes you feel sad because the characters have been defeated.
TRAGEDY
a serious play that tries to make you feel exhilarated because the hero’s experiences teachers you some profound truth about you life. A tragedy guides you toward feeling a sort of calm affirmation that your worst expectations about life are true.
The central character struggles for something you believe is worth desiring, and you root for the character to get it. When he or she fails, it’s almost the same as you not achieving the goal and you feel sad.
MELODRAMA
provide entertainments that has the appearance of being serious but ends with the protagonist being victorious; Melodramas usually have emotional scenes alternating with comic scenes. Ex. Indiana Jones or Star Wars
TRAGICOMEDY
Drama that includes, more or less equally, characteristics of both tragedy and comedy.
CHAPTER 8

ARISTOTLE'S GUIDE
TO PLEASURE
Who is Aristotle?
-ancient Greek philosopher and scientist
-one of the greatest intellectual figures of
Western history.
-studied most of the sciences and many of the arts, including biology, botany, chemistry, ethics,
history, logic, metaphysics, rhetoric, philosophy
of mind, philosophy of science, physics, poetics,
political theory, psychology, and zoology
Unities of Theatre
1. Unity of Action: on simple plot

2. Unity of Time: action occurs in on passage of consecutive time

3. Unity of Place: action in one
place
Oedipus Rex
"What is the creature that walks
on four legs in the morning, two legs at
noon, and three in the evening?"
"Dude, that assignment was totally killer."

"The current assigment was challenging yet I am sure will yield an incrediable knowlege base once mastered."
Mystery- bible stories
Miracle- call on Mary
Morality- teach moral lesson
Types of Plays
(Early) Middle Ages
Emperor Justinian bans theatre and destroys greek and roman texts
According to the binary thinking of the Church's early followers, everything that did not belong to God belonged to the Devil; thus all non-Christian gods and religions were satanic.
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