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Postclassical Mali

This is the Prezi created by Michael and Garrett about the Malian Empire for "Pre-Modern Civilizations in Africa."

Garrett Levine

on 4 April 2011

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Transcript of Postclassical Mali

Postclassical Mali By Michael Gurwin and Garrett Levine http://www.zonu.com/images/0X0/2010-01-08-11645/The-Mali-Empire-1235-1546.png Began in 13th Century in present-day Mali
King Sundiata overthrew the previous unpopular ruler
Mali rose to power by monolopizing access to gold trade on the Niger River
Developed fertile land along Niger River which was very valuable in a hot, dry environment
Began in a crossroads between polytheism and Islam Context (Historical) Political System Based off of familial clans, only on a larger scale
Very strong political system
Capital: Niani (Important trading city)
"Mali" means "where the king lives"
King Mansa Musa divided empire into provinces and appointed governors for each province
Outsiders were very impressed with law enforcement and peace they found in areas such as Timbuktu Religion First king (Sundiata), was polytheistic
All monarchs after him accepted Islam and made it the empire's offical religion
This was due to the caravanning traders' influence on Mali
King Mansa Musa made a hajj to Mecca
Mali then spread Islam to other places across North Africa Economic System Agriculturally-based economy
Fields along Niger River
Taxed trade along Niger River and across the Sahara (grew wealthy very quickly)
Also participated in the gold/salt trade themselves
Used forced labor (slaves) to clear land and work the fields
Cowrie Shells from Indian Ocean used as currency http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_sz7leAQs4ww/SXVIxeM0g3I/AAAAAAAAAQI/7OXZWZmeHn0/s320/kpq_mansamusa.jpg Social Structure Based off of familial clans
Clans each had certain status in society
Absolute power stayed within royal family
Used a system of slavery
Royal family on top of social pyramid, slaves at bottom
Education was valued in terms of social status Downfall of Mali Empire declined as gold fields were found outside of empire
This took trade outside of empire, weakening their economy
Slowly declined into oblivion until 1400's
Eventually taken over by Songhai Ibn Battuta Muslim historian who visited Mali
Very impressed by the safety and justice system
Also impressed by their study of the Qur'an http://www.elec-intro.com/EX/05-15-08/ibn_battuta.jpg Timbuktu Finest city in Mali Empire
Major trading center
Had many universities; center of education
People came from all over Eurasia to study in Timbuktu
Also a religious center (many mosques) Significance Brought trade and innovations to West Africa
Spread Islam to this part of the world
Gold trade brought many luxuries to Eurasia
Education radiated out of Timbuktu and other learning centers Context (Geographic) Western Sahara Desert
Very dry area except for around the Niger River
Trade caravans crossed Mali to reach Eurasia
Infertile land except for Niger River area
Valuable gold and salt deposits all over the land
Full transcript