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maham akhtar

on 17 May 2014

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Defense relations between Moscow and Islamabad have also been non-existent except one maverick helicopter deal in 1969 during then President Yahiya's visited to Moscow
Russia played important role in both the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pak wars; supplied heavy artillery to India and vetoed the decision of withdrawal of forces in UN
The U-2 Spy aircraft incident in 1960 created bad blood.
USSR and Pakistan faced a tussle when USSR declared war on Afghanistan in 1979
During President Musharraf’s Visit to Russia in 2002, the Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism, Joint Working Group on Strategic Stability and Inter-governmental Joint Commission were established.
Talks on military cooperation began in May 25, 2011 when the then Russian Ground Forces Commander-in-Chief Colonel General Alexander Postnikov visited Pakistan and met General Kayani and other military commanders.
Former Russian defense minister, Anatoly Serdyukov, postponed his visit to India in 2011, where he was to participate in the Indo-Russian Inter-Governmental Commission on Military-Technical Cooperation and preferred to meet Pakistan Army Chief
• (1947-1958)
• (1958-1968)
• (1968-1971)
• (1972-1976)
• (1977-1988)
• (1988-1998)
• (1999-2008)
• (2008-2013)
• (2013-onwards)

The Soviets were keen to form relations with Pakistan for trade purposes as well as for the warm water ports
Putin offered Russia’s assistance in expansion of Pakistan Steel Mills. Provision of technical support for the Guddu and Muzaffargarh power plants. Russia was interested in developing the Thar Coal Project. In 1974, as Prime minister, Z.A. Bhutto paid a state visit to Moscow and deliberately attempted to warm the relations.
In 1960, Bhutto had Soviet Union to establish the Pakistan-Soviet Oilfield in Pakistan in search of oil assets in Pakistan.
In 1956 ,It was a genuine breakthrough when the parties signed the first intergovernmental trade agreement, granting most-favoured nation treatment to each other. In 1968 and 1969 Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers Alxey N. Kosygin visited Islamabad.
The first meeting of Pakistan Russia Business Council (PRBC) of Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FPCCI) was held at Federation House under the Chairmanship of Farooq Afzal Chairman, Pak-Russia Business Council in March 2013
The diplomatic relations established in 1948 between these two countries
Soviets invited Liaqat Ali Khan in 1949 who then decided to visit USA instead of USSR
In 1956 First Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers Anastas I. Mikoyan visited Pakistan and took part in the events arranged on the occasion of proclaiming the country a republic
Pakistan joined SEATO in 1954 and CENTO in 1955 which validated Pakistan’s pro-West inclination.
In 1956, the Soviet Deputy P.M came to Pakistan and openly declared that the Kashmir Issue be left to the ‘will of the people’—but Pakistan gave a cold shoulder
But in the 1960s era, Soviet Union offered technical and economic assistance to Pakistan in form of Steel Mills and peaceful use of nuclear energy
In 1965, in order to expand its friendship to the Communist nations, Ayub Khan visited Moscow and cleared his position about joining the alliances
Natiq Abbas (leader)
Amna Javed
Kanza Panni
Maham Akhtar

Military Relations
Social Relations
Political Relations
Economic Relations
Future Prediction
Russo-Pakistan relations refer to the historical, consensual, social and International relations between the Russian Federation and the State of Pakistan.
Russia-Pakistan relations were a bi product of the post cold war era where both the superpowers were interested in ties with Pakistan.
They first recognized the bilateral and diplomatic relations on 1st May, 1948.
The relations between the two states are based on lost opportunities and miscalculations.
Pakistan and the Russian Federation have faced a lot of ups and down through different periods of Pakistan’s post-independence history.

1960-1970:Introduction to urdu language
1961:Geological Prospecting
1968: Training of Engineers
1970: Joint Research Project
1973: Establishment of Russian Department
Training of Russian language
Free Education in Soviet Union
1997: Joint Projects
Celebration of Pakistan's 50th anniversary
First ever Encyclopedia on Pakistan
2012: Urdu-Russian Dictionary
Pakistan Soviet Cultural ties
Faiz Ahmed Faiz; "OUR POET"
Dramatist and Play writer; Anwar Maqsood
Russian Writer; Antone Chekhov
Karachi Russia Cultural Center
2010 Russian Cultural Center in Lahore
Moscco and Tashkent Int. Film Festival
1974 Pakistan Ensemble of Folk Songs, Dance and Music
Soviet Folk Ensemble Puppet theater and Circus

Russian/Olivier Salad
In 2013, Pakistan and Russia agreed to boost defence cooperation during a meeting between Russian Ground Forces (C-in-C) Colonel General Vladimir V Chirkin and (COAS) General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani at the (GHQ) Rawalpindi to discuss military collaboration between the two countries.
Russia is seeking new markets for its military hardware to keep its economy afloat, Pakistan could be a prospective buyer.
Pakistan has now expressed interest in the purchase of a MI-35 attack helicopter to fight terrorism.
Russia is keen to gain Pakistan’s help in controlling its own Muslim insurgents.
A MoU is also under consideration on defense collaboration to intensify overall cooperation
Russia wants to checkmate the US influence in its backyard, especially US missile shield deployments and its new found interest in East Asia and Pacific regions.
Pakistan’s relation with USA and China have always been a bone of contention for Russia.
In 1975, Z.A Bhutto visited Moscow as P.M in an attempt to warm the relations between the two states.
Cordial relations went on till 1979—until the USSR’s military intervention in Afghanistan
In 1980’s relations were bad due to the prevailing reasons but soon recovered after Soviet Unions withdrawal from Afghanistan.
After the USSR dissolved in 1991, Pakistan was the first country to accept Russia as the successor state of USSR
In 1999 PM Nawaz Sharif visited Moscow for goodwill relations—followed by Musharaf’s visit in 2003 following post 9/11 scenario
In 2007, the relations between Pakistan and the Russia were further reenergized after the 3-day official visit of Russian Prime Minister, Mikhail Fradkov.
Presidents Zardari and former Russian President, Medvedev, have met six times since May 2011.
Russia stands clear to support Pakistan on the Drone Attack stance

It is in best interest of both nations sustain and develop their ties as both nations stand at the crossroads of development and prosperity

There is strong potential of cooperation in energy sector, steel production, telecommunication, space technology, oil and gas between these two states
Pakistani intellectuals believe that its policy of completely aligning with a distant ally, and severing its relations with nearer states, cost it strategically, economically and socially
Pakistan should focus more on building solid relations among its neighbor countries so as to bring stability in the region—this will automatically reduce the U.S influence
Pakistan's policy is basically going through a makeover.
Pakistan should make for the amends of the past by increasing its bilateral visits
There could be a very strong bond as regards trade and development between these states and they should keep it in their policy makeover
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