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Chapter 7: Geograhy and the Early Settlement of Egypt, Kush,

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Stephanie Leahey

on 11 January 2017

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Transcript of Chapter 7: Geograhy and the Early Settlement of Egypt, Kush,

Chapter 7: Geograhy and the Early Settlement of Egypt, Kush, and Canann
7.1 Introduction
L.O: To be able to identify characteristics in the geography that affected early settlement in egypt, kush and canaan.
Essential Question: How did geography affect early settlement in Egypt, Kush, and Canaan?
Do Now!
Vocabulary
Topography:
Vegetation:
Nile River:
Egypt:
Kush:
Mediterranean Sea:
Canaan:
Jordan River:
Fill in the vocabulary list using the textbook
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The Egyptians

Settled:

Dates:
The Kushites

Settled:

Dates:
The Israelites

Settled:

Dates:
In the northeast corner of Africa
Civilisation lasted from 3100 B.C.E to 350 B.C.E.
In the south of Africa
Civilisation lasted from 2000 B.C.E to 350 B.C.E.
In the northeast of Egypt along the coast of the Mediternean Sea.
Civilisation lasted from 1800 B.C.E to 70 C.E.
7.2 Environmental Factors and early human settlement
Environmental factors influenced people's choices of where to settle; water, topography and vegetation.
Water
Most important environmental factor.
Rivers, lakes and inland seas were good sources of fresh water.
People needed fresh drinking water as well bathing and washing things.
Bathing and washing helped prevent disease.
People also caught fish from rivers, lakes and seas and hunted water birds.
Water was needed to grow crops and as a form of transportation.
7.2 Environmental Factors and early human settlement
Topography
Topography refers to the shape and elevation of the land.
Includes mountains, hills, plains, valleys, and deserts.
Farmers preferred to settle in flat, open areas such as plains and valleys.
Rich soil in coastal plains and river valleys encouraged crop growth.
Mountains were less friendly to human settlement, hard to cross and cold temperature.
Deserts were hot and dry and had very little water for farming.
They were also prone to sandstorms.
7.2 Environmental Factors and early human settlement
vegetation
Plants were a source of food.
People could eat the wild plants available and the crops they planted.
People learned to make useful products out of plants, including baskets, tools, medicine, rope and even paper.
Trees provided shade from the hot sun, plants and flowers added natural beauty to a place.
7.3 Environmental Factors and the early settlement of egypt and kush
The Egyptians lived along the northern part of the Nile River and the Kushites lived to the south.
Physical Features of Egypt and Kush
environmental factors and human settlement in egypt and kush
Nile created a long, fertile valley that ended in a marshy delta to the Mediterranean Sea.
The Libyan and Nubian Deserts formed a natural barrier that helped protect people living in the Nile River Valley.
The deserts did not support large settlements and few invaders wanted to risk crossing these harsh places.
The Mediterranean Sea was rich in fish and sea-food.
It was also a waterway that linked ancient Egypt to other civilizations.
To the east of Egypt and Kush was a long channel of very salty water called the Red Sea.
Nile created a long, fertile valley that ended in a marshy delta to the Mediterranean Sea.
Nile River valley provided natural irrigation and fertilization for crops..
The abundant wildlife in the Nile region included fish, ducks, geese, hippos, crocodiles, giraffes, and ostriches which people could hunt and fish.
The wide, flat areas around deep bends in the Nile river were good for farming.
Vegetation was plentiful in the Nile River valley: reeds were used to weave baskets and roofs; papyrus was used to make rope and paper.
7.4 Environmental Factors and the early settlement of canaan
Physical Features of Egypt and Kush
environmental factors and human settlement in egypt and kush
The ancient Israelites settled in Canaan, a diverse land along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
West = coastal plains border the Mediterranean Sea
North = the Lebanon Mountains rose steeply from the coast.
Centre = The Jordan River flowed down from a mountain range through the middle of Canaan.
South = Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea.
East = hot, dry Syrian desert.
Southwest = Negev Desert where rain soaked the area during the winter months supplying the Negrev with more water than most deserts receive.
The fertile plains near the Mediterranean Sea were farmed.
The Mediterranean also enabled traders from many lands to visit Canaan.
The Sea of Galilee was a freshwater lake with lots of fish and nearby fertile land.
The Jordan River provided fresh water and people hunted anf fished nearby.
The hilly land and dry soil made growing crops difficult so many people became herders rather than farmers.
Herders were nomads, wandering from place to place in search of good land for their animals to graze.
7.3 Environmental Factors and the early settlement of egypt and kush
Do Now!
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