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Transcript of Stephen Turner
history of the book
hypotaxis and parataxis
drawing, thinking, writing
colors and fonts
waning of the private self
subordination and heirarchy v. juxtaposition
'seeing' writing v.
technology is as technology does
the nature of applications
space v. time
'Many educators say that our students are less and less able to read,
or analyse, or write with clarity and purpose.'
power browsing, skimming, bouncing
'We are how we read.' (Maryanne Wolf)
industrial choreography (algorithms)
mere decoding, immediacy, efficiency, horizontality
loss of complex inner density
drawing, thinking, writing
web 2.0 (own content)
'The machine wants to know what we think, our choices, where we go, who we talk to.'
lectorial or advertorial
feeding the machine
decoding or re-purposing
Your experience of a prezi-tation
- the e-book and future of the library
- the birth of the alphabet
- the age of literature
Michael Mattas demonstrates the interactive book
colonization of real time
mobilising the self
'The medium, more than the message, is the mind. It shapes what we see and how we will see it.'
Hypotaxis represents unequal relationships between words, phrases or clauses grammatically. The most common kind is subordination (Gk hypo- “beneath” + taxis “arrangement”), a sentence construction in which one or more clauses are dependent on a main clause.
Parataxis represents equal relationships between words, phrases or clauses grammatically. The most common kind is juxtaposition, the use of short, simple sentences without coordinating or subordinating conjunctions (Gk “act of placing side by side,” fr. para beside + tassein to arrange).
'as we come to rely on computers to mediate our understanding of the world,
it is our own intelligence that flattens into artificial intelligence.'
apparatus (black box)
crisis of linearity
programming (work and play)
nodes and edges
'I have been thinking
(copy to project)
trash, junk, spam
what is English?
cultures and locations
popular and contemporary
why do English?
being in narrative
ways of doing, saying, being and making
language about language
(distribution of the sensible)
from book to blook
phonics versus whole language learning?
what is the case? (a case of or about what?)
what is the nature of the support for it (who, what, where)?
(=examples, illustrations, anecdotes,observations, facts,references)
what is the relation between case and support (=the warrant and its backing)?
e.g. multiple intelligences/processing = hard-wired glasses?
Argument structure (Stephen Toulmin)
w = what must be true for the data to provide appropriate and sufficient support for the claim
B = what must be true for the warrant itself to validate the claim in light of the data
Types of reasoning
deductive = an argument from first principles ('I think therefore I am'), or derivation from what is taken to be true.
inductive = an argument, or forward generalisation, that projects, or 'induces' a conclusion on basis of data (the 'empirical method', where facts form the basis of generalisation.
abductive (Charles Pierce) = an hypothesis, or 'backwards generalisation', on the basis of data to hand, of the best possible explanation.
cf. whole system learning
(web)transformative learning technology
multiple intelligences (abstract, textual, visual, musical, social, kinesthetic)
multiprocessing (e.g. web-browser wired in eye-glasses)
bricolage/bricoleur ('new reasoning')
ways and WARRANTS(judgement)
action ('link, lurk and try')
communities of practice
tacit knowledge ('enculturation')
John Seely Brown, 'Growing Up Digital'
cf. (latin 'confer' - compare)
'In the woods is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. there I feel that nothing can befall me in life - no disgrace, no calamity (leaving me my eyes), which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground - my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into space - all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eyeball. I am nothing. I see all. The currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, from 'Nature'.
Google glasses project
speed and feed
where am I now
surveillance, data collection
fantasy of exposure without repercussion
'whatever' being(my belonging is my 'likes')
Most common argument fallacies
-begging the question
-affiriming the consequent
-argument from authority