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How to: Creating An Academic Essay

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by

Lucas Stewart

on 15 December 2014

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Transcript of How to: Creating An Academic Essay

Claim-Evidence-Warrant
Claim (What you are Trying to prove):_____________
_______________________________________________________________________________.
Evidence (Shows your Claim in action: ____________
_________________________________________
________________________________________.
Warrant (Explain how the evidence proves your
claim):_____________________________
__________________________________
______________________________
To get practice writing body paragraphs follow this simple exercise:
Practice exercise here!
Introduction
Thesis Statement
Body Paragraphs
Conclusion
I am able to let you roam freely about this presentation.

This software allows you to interact with the informatioin in a simple and detailed way!

Every time you click Me,
The Red Dot
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on what I have to show you.
Once you tire of my information, all you do is hit
Spacebar
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If you feel like you forgot something or moved to quickly:
Left Arrow Key
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works exactly like SpaceBar, sending you one step ahead on the path.
Space
How to Navigate
CLICK ME!
Go ahead and click that one there! I will wait for you.
or,
How to: Writing An Academic Essay
The Thesis Statement
1. Be specific
Body Paragraphs
This is the main source of your argument.
Conclusion
The Introduction
Introductions can be frustrating because:
It has to introduce the
topic
quickly!

Cannot be too specific...

Unbiased
...
Background info
and
Quotes
are okay.

No Claims. The
Thesis
is your one and only claim here.


worried?
confused?
frustrated?
Still...
Rules:
2. Only cover topics in your thesis that you will cover in the body paragraphs.
3. Don't be too broad.*
*This concerns your final thesis only... You can always start with a broad thesis, this can help you get started writing.*
4. Don't get attached to your first one. There is a really good chance it won't stick the first time.
5. Make sure it answers the question,"So what?"

Click
,

click
,

click
,
the
Circle
for
Examples
!
Through its contrasting river and shore scenes,
Twain’s "Huckleberry Finn"
suggests that to find the true expression of American democratic ideals, one must leave “civilized” society
and go back to nature
In "
Huckleberry Finn"
,
Mark Twain
develops a contrast between life on the river and on the shore.
In
"Huckleberry Finn"
,
Mark Twain
shows life on the river and on the shore.
This is a start! We need to be more specific. This would be good as a sentence in the beginning of the
Intro
, just not the
Thesis.
Better! This thesis is violating
Rules 3 and 5
. This is great to have down and think about while you look through some related scenes. Answer the "So What?"
This is a working
thesis
that could net you a 5 page paper! This specific claim allows for you to write a paragraph about American Democratic ideals, one about Civilized society, and one about nature in the 19th century.
Examples
UP NEXT: BODY PARAGRAPHS!
-This is a great tool for pre-writing. The reader should not need a sentence like that to understand the purpose of your writing.
Techniques for good intro's lie within!

Don't fret!!
The Triangle will save you!
The Introduction
Triangle
Hook the reader with a quote, fact, or general statement right away!
As with all academic work, use a formal voice and formal subject content.
Never flat out state the purpose... "The purpose of this essay is...."
The
TRIANGLE
can help all. Think of your
Intro
as an
Upside-Down triangle
As you move further and further down, the triangle becomes smaller and smaller.
**By the end of the
Intro
, your reader should understand what you are
arguing
and
why
!

The
Purpose
of the
Essay
has to exist somewhere in these opening lines. **

Next up:
The Thesis
!!
REMEMBER THE THESIS CAN ALWAYS CHANGE!
The Contents
THE PREZI IS ALIVE!!
There are interactive features to this Prezi!!
As you go along, clicking on the Red Circle will provide you with examples, more information, or pictures!
THIS IS THE CENTRAL HUB!
You now have access to the various sections of the presentation...

or
you can follow the path I have
laid out.
The choice is yours...

Click
here
for

Click
here
for

Click
here
for

Click
here
for

Your
Introductory sentence
lies
here
! It
should be one of the most general
statements in your
Essay
. As you move
further down you must get more
specific while slowly introducing
your
main talking points
.
Once you feel you have
adequately introduced
your
Topic
it is time
for your
Thesis


Statement
which
should
be
right

HERE!





*Length:

100-150 words
1-2 paragraphs

8-10 sentences


*
This does
vary
depending on
:

Topic

Content

Nature of Assignment
.
Tips:
The Triangle
A couple steps to have successful body paragraphs:
1. Connect everything. Flow is extremely important!
2. Balance evidence and commentary.
3. Make sure you are on topic and to the point. Do not include something that does not directly relate to the argument you are making!
Tip 2
: Each body paragraph should be unique in making its case to the thesis.
Tip 1
: You do not need to prove your entire thesis in one paragraph. Try to break the thesis into parts and prove each part as you go.
How to structure:
TOPIC SENTENCE begins the paragraph and should in some way introduce the paragraph as well as tie in ideas from the previous paragraph.

After you have introduced the topic, your next sentence should immediately be a
CLAIM
. Think of claims as the small puzzle pieces that make up your thesis.

Once you make a claim, introduce
EVIDENCE
to prove the claim, this should be a quote, stat, or paraphrase from a credible source.
.

After your evidence, there should be
COMMENTARY
on how this furthers your point and supports your thesis
. After sufficient commentary, you make another
claim
,
evidence
, then
commentary
. You continue on this path until you feel that the paragraph has done the job of proving a part of your thesis.
You will end the paragraph with a
CONCLUSION
sentence, this will sum up the argument you just made.
Recap or Summary of above:
1. TOPIC SENTENCE
2.
CLAIM
3.
EVIDENCE
4.
COMMENTARY
5. Repeat steps 2-4 until argument is made.
6.
CONCLUSION SENTENCE
Tip 3
: Essays do not need to be exactly 4 paragraphs!! Use as many paragraphs as you think necessary to prove your thesis!
a.k.a:
"The Return of the Triangle"
a.k.a:
"A New, 3-Sided Hope"
Now to make things simple we are going to bring back a strategy we talked about earlier!
The Triangle returns, but this time we will be using the right-side up triangle!!*
*For those of you who are confused about triangles, either hop over to the introduction section or click this dot, for a quick summary!
Have
faith in the
Conclusion
Triangle!
The
conclusion
should try to include the following:

1. A linking sentence to the paragraph previous. This is for transition and flow reasons.

2. Summary. Make sure you wrap up your essay in a concise, formal way, that leaves your reader thinking.
3. Re-state do not repeat. If you want to review your topics, find a fresh, new way to say something instead of repeating yourself.
4. Try to convey larger implications for the argument you just made. How does this apply to the reader?
5. There should also be a sentence in here that brings the whole essay together, tying your body paragraphs and thesis statement together.
The Right-Side Up Triangle:
As you move from top to bottom, the triangle gets wider and wider.
This
means
the
beginning of
your
conclusion

should be very
specific
, probably a
sentence that joins it to the
previous
body paragraph.
The
more you write in the
conclusion
,
the more general you should get. As
you move through the paragraph, you

need to tie more and more ideas from the
body paragraphs
together in a sentence or two.
Lastly, finish this paragraph up by crafting a very
general statement
about the
argument
you just made.
Length:
1-2 Paragraphs
8-10 sentences
100-150 words

Length should be reflective of the essay. *If you have a three paragraph intro, you may have to repeat for conclusion!*
The Triangle Review
The triangles function as a way for a writer to visualize how his/her tone, voice, and content should work together when writing an intro or conclusion
The intro
triangle
The
Conclusion
Triangle
These are extremely helpful when writing intro and conclusion paragraphs.
The conclusion paragraph will be discussed once you leave this circle
!
This is not the only method for writing these. There are plenty of resources for finding help writing these. Look to:
The idea with the
intro triangle
is that the further you go down the triangle the smaller it gets. Your ideas should get finer and finer as your write more in your intro until you arrive at the thesis.
The Writing Center
The Internet
Your Teacher
Yes. Even they will help you! Remember they want you to succeed!
CLICK HERE!!
Click for a quick tip and a quick link!
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/724/04/
Quick Link:
This will take you out of the Prezi! Be aware!

This website is a wonderful resource for all things writing! This link will take you to Conclusion Paragraphs!
Make sure you initiate some critical thinking in your conclusions!
Quick Tip:
Go out with a bang, a FORMAL bang that is! Always remember when writing academically, speak formally to your reader.
Well that's it!
Thank you for making it this far!
Special Thanks:
Professor Macauley
He started me on this project and it turned into something so much more!
Sparrow Malvino
Thanks for the Claim Evidence Warrants! You are the best!
Sources:
How To Write an Introduction Paragraph
. Dir. Taylor
Swedberg. Perf. Taylor Swedberg. YouTube, 2012. YouTube.
UNC Writing Center. "Thesis Statements." The Writing Center.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, n.d. Web. <http://
writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/thesis-statements/>.
Brizee, Allen. "Conclusions." Purdue Owl. Pudue University,
01 Mar. 2013. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. <https://
owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/724/04/>.
Video courtesy of: Taylor Swedberg
Direct Link: www.youtube.com/watch?v=_tv2-lXHfAI
CLICK ME!
"How To Write an Introduction Paragraph"
Five minute video
Click the small play button in the bottom left corner!
Please Read:
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Full transcript