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English AP 12

Late 19th, Early 20th Century England. (Victorian England)
by

Jonathan Horton

on 4 May 2010

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Transcript of English AP 12

Victorian England Made By : Jonathan Horton Sherlock Holmes All of the techniques used by Sherlock Holmes would later become reality, but many of them were in their early years when Conan Doyle was writing. In many of his reported cases, Holmes frequently complains of the way the crime scene has been contaminated by others, especially by the police, emphasizing the critical importance of keeping its integrity, a now well-known feature of crime scene examination.
(Wikipedia. Forensics) Scientific Deduction In the later part of the 18th century there began a transition in sections of Great Britain. All of the previous farm labor was being directed towards machine-based manufacturing. It started with the mechanization of the textile industries, the development of iron-making techniques and the increased use of refined coal. Trade expansion was availabe by the introduction of canals, and improved roads and railways. The introduction of steam power fuelled primarily by coal, wider use of water wheels and powered machinery supported the increases in production capacity.
(BBC. Victorian Technology) The Technology Prize-Fighting Bare-knuckle boxing Bare-knuckle boxing (also known as bare-knuckle, prizefighting, or fisticuffs) is the original form of boxing closely related to ancient combat sports. It involves two individuals fighting without any boxing gloves or other form of padding on their hands. The difference between a streetfight and a bare-knuckle boxing match is the following of rules, such as not striking a downed opponent, unlike a "no-holds-barred" match.
Victorian Women
The status of Women in the Victorian Era is often seen as a depiction of the differences between England's national power and wealth. Primarily it's unfavorable social conditions. During the Era symbolized by the reign of British monarch Queen Victoria, difficulties escalated for women because of the vision of the "ideal women" shared by most in the society. The legal rights of married women were similar to those of children. They could not vote, sue, or own property. Also, they were seen as pure and clean. Because of this view, their bodies were seen as temples that should not be adorned with makeup nor used for such pleasurable things as sex. The role of women was to have children and tend the house. They could not hold a job unless it was that of a teacher, nor were they allowed to have their own checking accounts or savings accounts. In the end, they were to be treated as saints, but saints that had no legal rights.
(Wikipedia. Women in the Victorian Era) Victorian Medicine Although many of us dream about the Victorian era, there were many unsafe and scary practices that make us very grateful for modern education and technology. Health was a big challenge in the 19th century, since very few people knew the causes of disease, and medicine involved a lot of guesswork. If the symptoms didn’t kill the patient, the remedies often did them in.
A carriage is a wheeled vehicle for people, usually horse-drawn; litters (palanquins) and sedan chairs are excluded, these being litters or wheelless vehicles. The carriage is especially designed for private passenger use and for comfort or elegance, though some are also used to transport goods. It may be light, smart and fast or heavy, large and comfortable. Carriages normally have suspension using leaf springs, elliptical springs (in the 19th century) or leather strapping. A public passenger vehicle would not usually be called a carriage – terms for these include stagecoach, charabanc and omnibus. Victorian Buggies Victorian Criminals In the mid-19th century, England experienced an increase of Irish immigrants, who caused the population to swell in England's major cities, including the East End of London. From 1882, Jewish refugees from eastern Europe and Tsarist Russia moved into the same area. The civil parish of Whitechapel in London's East End became increasingly overcrowded. Work and housing conditions worsened, and a massive economic underclass developed. Robbery, violence and alcohol dependency were commonplace, and the endemic poverty drove many women to prostitution. In October 1888, the London Metropolitan Police estimated that there were 1200 prostitutes and about 62 brothels in Whitechapel. The economic problems were accompanied by a steady rise in social tensions. Between 1886 and 1889, frequent demonstrations, such as that of 13 November 1887, led to police intervention and further public unrest. Racism, crime, social disturbance, and real deprivation fed public perceptions that Whitechapel was a notorious den of immorality. In 1888, such ideas gained strength when a series of vicious and sickly murders attributed to "Jack the Ripper" received massive coverage in the media.
(Wikipedia. Jack The Ripper) JACK THE RIPPER Jack the Ripper is the best known alias given to an unidentified serial killer active in the largely poverty-stricken districts in and around the Whitechapel district of London in 1888. The name originated in a letter by someone claiming to be the murderer that was cast aside in the media. The letter is widely considered to be a fake, and may have been written by a journalist in a deliberate attempt to heighten interest in the story. Other aliases used for the killer at the time were "The Whitechapel Murderer" and "Leather Apron". With A Touch Of Holmes and Ripper MURDER The large number of horrific attacks against women in the East End during this era adds uncertainty to how many victims were killed by the same person. Eleven separate murders, stretching from 3 April 1888 to 13 February 1891, were included in a London Metropolitan Police Service investigation, and were known as the "Whitechapel murders" according to a police docket. Work Cited "Bare-knuckle boxing."
Wikipedia. 30 March 2010. Web. April 2010
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bare-knuckle_boxing> "Jack the Ripper."
Wikipedia. 16 April 2010. Web. April 2010
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_the_Ripper> "Carriage."
Wikipedia. 19 April 2010. Web. April 2010
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carriage> "Victorian Medicine."
Logicmgmt. Web. April 2010
<http://logicmgmt.com/1876/overview/medicine/vicmedicine.htm> "Women in the Victorian Era."
Wikipedia. 3 April 2010. Web. April 2010
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_the_Victorian_era> "Sherlock Holmes."
Wikipedia. 21 April 2010. Web. April 2010
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherlock_Holmes> "Victorian Technology."
BBC. 5 November 2009. Web. April 2010
<http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/victorian_technology_01.shtml> THE END A fictional character who first appeared in publication in 1887. He embodies much of the Victorian mind-set going into the 20th century. (Wikipedia. Bare-Knuckle Boxing) (Logicmgmt. Victorian Medicine) (Wikipedia. Carriages) (Wikipedia. Jack The Ripper) (Wikipedia. Jack The Ripper)
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