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Family Life Course Development Theory
Transcript of Family Life Course Development Theory
November 12, 2012 Family Life Course Development Theory Basic History One of the first family focused theories.
Incorporates the components of time and history.
Focuses on forms of family change Major Contributors Evelyn Duvall and Ruben Hill (1948)
James White (1991) Roy Rodgers (1964)
Joan Aldous (1978)
Vern Bengtson and Katherine Allen (1993) Theoretical Approaches 1. Individual Life Span Theory
2. Family Developmental Theory
3. Life Course Theory Evolution Family Life Cycle
Family Life Course Perspective STAGES Stage 1: Married Couple
Stage 2: Childbearing
Stage 3: Preschool
Stage 4: School Age
Stage 5: Teenage
Stage 6: Launching Center
Stage 7: Middle-aged Parents
Stage 8: Aging Family Members Do you think that all families identify from a career perspective?
Are there instances where families can repeat stages? ACTIVITY! (Ingoldsby, Smith, & Miller, 2004) Bengston and Allen (1993) Addressed issues that originally were left out of the life "cycle" perspective.
Focused on how changes over time and the life course are relevant.
This was done by identifying three different kinds of time.
Social context was made relevant which helped theorists understand the meanings that accompany one's developmental and family life.
Adds richness Divorce: Case Study Time Context: Is it experienced differently depending on age?
Family Context: Does the age of the children determine how this situation is processed?
Social Context: Does the employment status of the parents influence family adjustment? Assumptions Multiple time clocks affecting families:
Ontogenetic time: growth and development changes over the course of the lifespan.
Generational time: family transitions change individuals within a system.
Historical time: transitions in a broader context of society.
Social ecology of families: Sociostructural context and creation of meaning.
Diachronic analysis of families.
Heterogeneity and diversity among families.
Completion of developmental tasks.
Focus on the challenges families will face in each stage, the tasks they will go through to resolve them, and the effectiveness of their transitions.
Completion of each stage prepares the family for the following stages.
Time is multidimensional. Applying The Theory Criticisms 1.Family life cycle fails to account for:
Families that chose to not have children
Families who are not a nuclear structure
2.Family life course development “cycle” is misleading because it isn’t a cycle in that the process does not start over.
3.Family life course development has been seen as focusing more on white middle class families.
4.Family life course development lacks empirical generalization.
5.In family life course development it is inferred that norms are derived from behaviors. 1.Family Life Course Perspective
2.Family life course development views the family as a whole not as individual units.
3.Family life course development shows families are constantly evolving and not static.
4.Family life course development theory shows the developmental tasks and transitions that families face. Strengths Scope and Focus Family Life Course Development Theory focuses on the family as a whole and how well they complete each developmental task.
The dimension of time in this theory is "…critical to understanding and explaining family change because it provides the marker events (birth, wedding, death, etc.) for analysis (White & Klein, 2008 p. 128).
Families can be studied based on the different parts:
The individual- Viewed as a subcomponent of the family group (White & Klein, 2008)
The family as a group
Families as an institution References Bengtston, V. L., & Allen, K. R. (1993). The life course perspective applied to families over time. In Sourcebook of family theories and methods: A contextual approach (pp. 469-504). New York: Plenum Press.
Ingoldsby, B. B., Smith, S. R., & Miller, J. E. (2004). Family developmental theory. In Exploring family theories (pp. 29-42). Los Angeles: Roxbury Publishing Company.
Lamanna, M. A., & Riedmann, A. (2009). Exploring the family. In Marriages and families (pp. 27-28). Canada: Thompson Learning Inc.
Laszloffy, T. A. (2002). Rethinking family development theory: teaching with the systemic family development (sfd) model. Journal of Family Relations, 51(3), 206-214.
White, J. M., & Klein, D. M. (2008). The family life course developmental framework. In Family theories (pp. 121-149). USA: Sage Publications Inc.