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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Transcript of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
The five levels are:
1. Physiological Needs
2. Need for Safety and Security
3. Need for Love and Belonging
4. Esteem Needs
5. Self-Actualization Level 1: Basic Needs Students in high schools need to have their basic needs covered in order to move up to level two. How can we apply Maslow's hierarchy of needs to MAHS to improve student achievement and experience? Background Information Abraham Maslow developed his hierarchy of needs was based of his psychology. His psychology was that Abraham wanted to develop a psychology that works with the aspects of the best and highest potentials of human nature. The levels are based off a "Third Force" psychology. This psychology goes against the destructive sides of human nature and stresses what is positive for us. He claimed that a person must achieve the lower level of basic needs to progress higher up on the levels. It was developed in 1954 and his model is divided into basic needs and growth needs. It is known that students do not get enough sleep.MAHS could have a later start time of 8:15 am. Sleep Studies shows that teens need 8.5 to 9.25 hours of sleep to function properly. It was reported that only around 15% teens get this recommended amount of sleep. Teenagers are known to stay up late especially on school nights. Consequences of not getting enough sleep include aggressive behavior, limit concentration, cause an increase in appetite, and higher the chances of an illness. Nutrition In order for students to be more alert during the school day, vending machines will be available in the hallways. The food inside will be healthy that gives them the nutrition and energy to learn. MAHS needs to make school lunches healthier and more appealing. In order for this to be achieved, a student receiving lunch should have a well balanced diet including the following guidelines.
- Contain no more than 30% calories from fat
- Contain no more than 10% calories from saturated fat,
Around 70% of schools still don't meet this requirement.
- One third of the Dietary Recommended Intakes (DRI's) of calories, protein, fat, calcium, iron, Vitamin A, and Vitamin C. Benefits of a Healthy Lunch
- Students are known to be more alert and can memorize information better. Level 2: Safety and Security A school is meant to feel safe. MAHS can take steps and procedures to ensure school safety physically and mentally. Safety Programs for MAHS:
Anti-bullying programs will be in place at MAHS. These programs can help victims of bullying and make others aware of the effects of bullying. Studies show that around 30% of high school students are bullied. A zero tolerance policy will be put in place for bullying. Bullying affects students mentally and emotionally.
More supervision in hallways will allow less corruption to occur and ensure the safety of students.
You can make kids feel safer in school by giving them opportunities to work with others and get to know their peers.
You can create outreach programs where the kids talk to teachers or guidance counselors about what they think the school should do to make them feel safe in it. If the student feels safe in school he or she will perform better because they are not always worried about what is going to happen to them. Level 3: Love and Belonging Students who feel included at MAHS will want to work with others to improve upon their skills as well as working as a team. Additional Things to Providing Basic Needs -If students are hydrated for the day then they can focus on their studies. Students should be allowed to drink water or Gatorade during the school day at anytime.
- Students will be allowed to eat during homeroom. Students who do not have time to eat breakfast at home can eat during the homeroom period. This allows students to receive the energy they need to pay attention.
- Students that receive the free lunch should also be able to receive the free breakfast as well.
- Allow kids to eat in class when it isn't a distraction. The only problem is that students ruin the laptops due to eating and getting food on them or spilling water on them too. Other Additional Programs/Rules Programs will be created that will supply students with safe havens to go to. SAPP allows students to report students that may need help in a confidential manner. This should be implied more. Students would be required to participate in two activities per year whether it is a club or sport.
Not only would this allow students to be physically active, but provide the students with a group of people to feel included and safe with. Studies show that students have a higher chance of getting into post-secondary institutions and employment with participation in these activities/clubs.
Not only will there be the PRIDE, FCCLA, MASH, KEY, and SADD club, but others as well.
Other clubs that would appeal to students to include others who don't feel included would be an environmental club, Spanish club, French club, math club, science/chemistry club, and IT tech/ wood shop club.
Students will be allowed to develop their own clubs if approved by the school board of MASD. Promoting Peer Connection Underclassman could be given an upperclassman peer resource. In addition to Link Crew, the PC (Peer Connection) program would promote love and belonging in the school. Students would be matched to an divisor based upon interests and personalities. These students would also be peer tutors for these students. Tutoring would be a great oppurtunity for studetns to improve their academic excellence along with feeling connected in a group. A student shouldn't be punished for not understanding material, but should be aided in order for them to succeed in a class. This program would be a twice a week program after school for 1 hour. Level 4: Self Esteem Most humans want to feel loved, respected, accepted, and valued by everyone
Higher Esteem - Need for self-respect, strength, competence, self-confidence, independence, and
Lower Esteem – Need for the respect of others, the need for status, recognition, fame, prestige, and
Programs that students can reward students in a non-material way.
Students who achieve good attendance should be commended for their efforts to be in the school environment to learn and grow. These students could be awarded by having their name being put on a bulletin board for the school.
Certificates of achievement can be given to students for completing a competition or activity outside of regular class work. These certificates would allow students the chance to eat outside at picnic tables for one lunch of their choice based upon weather conditions.
Students should be recognized for what they do. Only some teachers say good job to students.
Any effort put forth for trying and striving in school by students should be commended and recognized by teachers. Each marking period, each classroom teacher can hand out certificates of good effort and hard work to students.
-There could be a field day where students can compete and get rewards for what they
accomplished. (Different activities for everyone one to do that they will enjoy.)
More student recognition, make the students feel better about themselves.
Athletes and performing art students should each have their own bulletin board for activities like band, chorus, tennis, etc. The boards can feature each athlete for their participation along with achievements and upcoming events. Level 5: Self Actualization MAHS will show the idea of self-actualization by having students reach into the real world and their community. Self actualization is defined as to realize one's full potential. The best way to do this is to have students apply their skills to the outside world. Community service is a great way for students to get involved. There should be a graduation requirement that each student fulfills 15 hours of community service per year.
Dual enrollment is a great way for students to engage with higher level courses as well as connect with the community at HACC and Penn State Harrisburg.
Internships are a great way for students to use their skills and see what their career would be like.
Each year MAHS should be involved with making a community event for Middletown. This could include something from a simple fundraiser of a bake sale to a car wash. The money raised from the event could be put toward the town to build a place for students to hangout that is safe like another park. Students would be involved with this and it would be student run with adult supervision.
Each month a group of students would be selected from the high school to go around the town and clean it up. Students would be in charge of picking up trash to planting flowers. This would show students how to take care of their community along with making the town a better place. MAHS can use Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs to improve the life and atmosphere of students at the high school. This can only help the students as it uses psychology and science to help cover student's basic needs to self-actualization.