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Latin Prefixes

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by

Sarah House

on 27 October 2016

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Transcript of Latin Prefixes

Latin Prefixes
a-
or
ab-

away or from
avert (turn away)

amoral (away from moral)

abduct (lead from)

abnormal (away from normal)
Her abnormal behavior was an indicator of her mental instability.
a-
ab-
ad-

to
admit (grant entrance)

adverb (to support verb)

adsorb (to gather to)

Charcoal will adsorb gases.
ad-
ante-


before
anteroom (room before another)

antecedent (happening before)

antebellum (before Civil War)
There are many antebellum plantations in Georgia.
ante-
bi-

two
bicycle (2 wheels)

bilateral (two equal sides)

biweekly (two times a week)
The partner scheduled biweekly meetings for the lawyers who worked on his cases.
bi-
circum-

around
circumvent
(go around)

circumnavigate (travel around)

circumference (around circle)
Many early explorers tried to circumnavigate the earth.
circum-
con-
(col-, com-, cor-)

together or with
conspire (plot
together or with)

colloquy (talk or conference together)

correspond (agree or communicate with)

compose (put together)
Parents should correspond with each other before adding events to the family calendar.
con-
(col-, com-, cor-)
contra-

against
contradict (speak against, deny)

contrapositive (against positive)

contrary (against)

Contrary to popular belief, teachers do not "give" students grades; the students must earn them.
contra-
de-
from or down
deduction (draw conclusion from reasoning)

demote (move down in rank)

descent (move down)
The Bell Jar is the story of a young woman's descent into mental illness.
de-
dis-
apart or away
disrupt (break apart)

dismiss (send away)

disbelief (away from held belief)
His constant interruptions tend to disrupt the class.
dis-
e-
ex-
out
emit (send out)

elapse (out of time)

expel (drive out)

expire (out of time)
The principal must expel a student who brings a weapon to school.
e-
ex-
extra-
beyond
extraordinary
(beyond ordinary)

extraterrestrial (beyond earth)

extracurricular (beyond the curriculum)
There are many extracurricular activities you can participate in during high school.
extra-
in-
(il-, im-, ir-)
in, into
or on
inject (force in)

illuminate (shine light on)

import (bring into)

irrigate (put water on)
Many Kansas farmers must irrigate their land to grow crops.
in-
(il-, im-, ir-)
in-
(il-, im-, ir)
not
insignificant
(not significant)

illegal (not legal)

immoral (not moral)

irregular
(not regular)
The extra flour she mistakenly added was insignificant in the recipe outcome.
in-
(il-, im- ir-)
inter-
between
interrupt
(break between; stop)

intercept (come between)

intercom (communication device between 2 people)
She tried to intercept the hateful letter before it reached her superior's desk.
inter-
Full transcript