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Religion in Medieval Japan and Europe
Transcript of Religion in Medieval Japan and Europe
Sacha Paterson, Savannah Barritt & Gabi Thompson
Medieval Japanese Celebrations and Rituals
Medieval Japanese Beliefs
Medieval European Beliefs
Medieval European Celebrations/Holidays
In Medieval Europe they believed in heaven and hell.
They are monotheistic as they believe in one god (God).
Believe women cannot be priests
Christmas - Birth of Jesus - 25th December.
Easter - Resurrection of Jesus
Good Friday - Crucifixion of Jesus
Lent - 40 days of fasting before Easter
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Women could not rule the church
Both religions were quite strict
Buddhism, Shintoism and Christianity worshiped their gods
Japanese religions had many gods and Europe religions had only one.
Both celebrated different religious holidays.
http://medievaljapan7.weebly.com/life.html, Medieval Japan, accessed on the 9/6/13
http://www.medieval-life-and-times.info/medieval-religion/, Medieval life and times, accessed on the 8/6/13
http://library.thinkquest.org/10949/fief/medpeasant.html, The middle ages, accessed on the 9/6/13
Buddhists believed in the afterlife/reincarnation
Centered around the teachings of Buddha
Buddhist believed in strict self discipline and meditation
Shintoism has the belief that everything has a spirit
Spirits were called Kami
Kami created all human and natural life
Worshiped Kami in shrines
Pregnant women were offered special prayers, given a blessed girdle, and obeyed a strict diet.
Women purified new mothers homes by sprinkling the mother and the floor with salt, and creating a new household fire
Bon is a festival that honours the spirits and dead ancestors (13th-15th July, once yearly)
Shichi-go-san is a celebration of boys reaching the ages 3 and 5, and girls reaching the ages 3 and 7.
Buddhism had Ten Commandments
Do not destroy life, do not take what is not given to you, do not have more than one partner, do not tell lies or deceive anyone, do not become intoxicated, eat moderately and not at all in the afternoon, do not watch dancing, listen to music, or watch plays, do not wear perfume, do not sleep in luxurious beds, do not accept gold or silver.
Shintoism- do not disturb kami, do disturb the worship of kami, do not disrupt the harmony of the world, do not disrupt the natural world, do not disrupt the social order.
Ethics in Shinto. (2009). [Online] Available http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/shinto/shintoethics/ethics.shtml#top.
Japanese Religion. (2013). [Online] Available http://www.skwirk.com.au/p-c_s-14_u-177_t-515_c-1913/.
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Pearson History S.B. (2011). Port Melbourne, Australia. Pearson Australia.
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The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Japan. (1993). ‘Shinto and Folk Religion’. Press Syndicate. New York.