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Cerebral Palsy

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Sarah Bergland

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy
Sarah Bergland and Brooke Murdock
What is it?
CEREBRAL
: of the brain.
PALSY
: lack of muscle control.
A condition marked by impaired muscle coordination (spastic paralysis).
Permanent life-long condition. Does not worsen over time.
Affects people in different ways; can affect body movement, muscle control, muscle coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture, and balance.
AKA: Static Encephalopathy
Sources
http://cerebralpalsy.org/about-cerebral-palsy/
http://www.medicinenet.com/cerebral_palsy
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/152712.php
What can SLPs do?
Population Effected
Treatment & Therapy
Causes
Affects on Language


In the United States there are:
About 764,000 people who have Cerebral Palsy
About 500,000 children 18 and under who have CP
2 to 3 children out of 1,000 have Cerebral Palsy
About 10,000 babies born each year will develop CP
8,000 to 10,000 babies are diagnosed each year
Around 1,200 to 1,500 preschool-aged children are diagnosed per year
Although the brain injury that is known to cause Cerebral Palsy is permanent, there are treatment and therapies that can be used to help with physical impairments
Most of the time therapy and adaptive equipment are primary treatments for CP, but there are also alternatives such as drug therapy and surgery,

Therapy
Surgery
Medication and Drug Therapy
Assistive Technology - Global Perspective
Assistive Technology - National Perspective
Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Types of Treatment
Aqua Therapy
Acupuncture
Behavioral Therapy
Chiropractic Therapy
Conductive Education
Hippotherapy
Intensive Suit Therapy
Massage Therapy
Nutrition & Diet Plan Counseling
Occupational Therapy
Physical Therapy
Play Therapy
Recreational Therapy
Respiratory Therapy
Sensory Integration Therapy
Social Therapy
Speech & Language Therapy
Vocational Counseling
Types of Therapy
Cerebral Palsy affects the language centers of the brain that controls speech.
For Mild cases they may have difficulty using correct words
In Severe cases the ability to express themselves may be inhibited.
Some children or adults with CP may be non-verbal.
They may also ave dysphagia or trouble swallowing
SLPs can work with CP patients in many different ways
Some ways can be to help with:
comprehending language (ex. word formation, pronunciation, language & vocab development, word-objective association, engaging in direct conversation etc)
Mouth & throat muscle coordination & strength
assist in finding ways to communicate for those who are non-verbal (ex. sign language, gestures, picture boards, augmentative communication devices, etc.)
Dysphagia- help with swallowing, choking on food or liquids, irregular breathing, pulmonary aspiration, etc.
1. Which is not a form of therapy?
• A) Aqua Therapy
• B) Vocational Counseling
• C) Surgery
• D) Conductive Education

2. True or False. The brain injury that is known to cause Cerebral Palsy is reversible?
3. About how many children out of 1,000 have Cerebral Palsy?
• A) 2-3
• B) 10-13
• C) 5-8
• D)25-30
4. People who have Cerebral Palsy can have?
• A) Difficulty using correct words
• B) Dysphagia
• C) Inability to express themselves
• D) All of the above
Correct Answer:

D) All of the above
5. True or False
Correct Answer:

C) Surgery
Correct Answer:

False
Correct Answer:

A) 2-3
Correct Answer
False.
6. Which is not a symptom of CP?
A) Involuntary movements
B) Drooling
C) Random shouting
D) Seizures
8. Which is not a type of CP?
C) Random shouting
A) Hypontonic
B) Ataxic
C) Spastic
D) Dyskinetic
Correct Answer
C) Spastic
Correct Answer
D) All are types of CP
Due to damage to the developing brain either during pregnancy or shortly after birth.
Asphyxia, the lack of oxygen to the brain, at birth is not as common a cause of cerebral palsy as had been thought.
Most cases of damage to the brain among CP children occurred before they were born. (First six months of pregnancy)
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL): damage to the brains white matter.
Any abnormality in brain development has the potential to cause cerebral palsy.
Intracranial hemorrhage: bleeding inside the brain caused by the unborn baby having a stroke.
Brain damage after birth.
Child abuse.
Symptoms
Spastic
Most common
Stiff and jerky movements
Muscle tone is increased causing a rigid posture in one or more extremities
Often occurs on one side of the body or could be limited to both legs
Degree can vary, ranging from mild to severe
Unable to control their output of urine
Dyskinetic
Second most common type of CP
Involuntary abnormal movements in the arms, legs, face, and trunk.
Intelligence normal in most cases
Difficulty walking, standing, maintaining posture, and speaking.
Ataxic
Rare form of CP (4% or 5%)
Dyskinetic form
Balance and depth perception are affected
Normal intelligence and good communication speech for the majority.
Unsteadiness when standing or walking.
Hands shake when holding small objects
Hypotonic
Diminished muscle tone
Muscle problems appear much earlier
Movements similar to that of a rag doll
Possible breathing difficulties
Have the most difficulty achieving major motor skill milestones and normal cognitive development.
Caused by most severe brain damage or malformation
Types of CP
There are more than several types of cerebral palsy that can be divided based on upon the form of motor impairment.
Usually appear before 18 months & vary from child to child.
Difficulty with fine motor tasks
Excessive drooling
Problems swallowing or sucking
Problems with muscle tone (too stiff or too limp)
Problems with walking and balancing
Weakness in an arm or leg or both
Problems seeing, hearing, speaking, or learning
Seizures
Q&A
There is a cure for CP.
Correct Answer:
A) Spastic
B) Dyskinetic
C) Hypotonic
D) All are types of CP
7. What is the most common type of CP?
Full transcript