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The Han and Gupta Dynasty Comparasion
Transcript of The Han and Gupta Dynasty Comparasion
The Han Dynasty had one ruler, with power over everyone. The next highest class besides the emperor was the aristocrats and bureaucrats.
During the course of the Han dynasty, they developed many new things that lead to advancements in other technologies as well. They developed things like a sundial, acupuncture, seismograph, cast iron, glazed pottery, wheelbarrow, embroidery, hot air balloons, lamps and burners.
The most famous thing they created was paper that was thick and coarse.
206 B.C.E-220 C.E
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"The Gupta Dynasty and Empire." The Gupta Dynasty and Empire. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 June 2014. <http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch28gup.htm>.
The Gupta civilization was located in northern India along the Ganges river valley
The Han civilization was located in Eastern China and bordered some of the Great Wall
Both civilizations were located in Asia.
Gupta had religious freedom. Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism were common religions of that time. Characteristics of Hinduism enabled it to survive much longer than the Buddhism religion. Hinduism is by far the most popular belief.
In the Han Dynasty, Taoism was the main religion. Very few other people practiced other religions. The Han also made animal sacrifices and food offerings. They hoped to achieve immortality.
The Gupta Dynasty had a caste system because of their belief in Hinduism. The highest caste was Brahmins, followed by the warriors, then the land owners, peasants, and lastly, the "untouchables".
Han had a patrimonial society with arranged monogamous marriages. Divorce was legal and sons received equal share of their father's property. Women could press charges against men.
In the Gupta society, women were inferior to men and they got to chose their husbands. The lower class didn't receive any education and hunting and drinking was a pastime for nobles.
Both societies favored women and let them have some rights.
Both civilizations have similar beliefs on religion. Even if Taoism is different from Hinduism, they share similar meanings and characteristics. Taoism is about naturalness, simplicity, spontaneity, detachment from desires, and Hinduism is about attaining the highest life with a process of removing the bodily distractions from life, allowing one to eventually understand nature within.
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During the course of the Gupta dynasty, they discovered the number zero, infinity, decimal numbers, pi, figured out the world was round and not flat, developed a theory of gravity, and also began creating universities. The Gupta also created Sanskrit literature.
The Han was on the more physical inventive side, where the Gupta was more scientific and mathematical. However, they both made a lot of contributions to society with new inventions and theories.
The Han Dynasty did not usually trade with other countries, but eventually did using the silk road and they didn't use the sea at all. They built canals and roads to improve the communication and commerce along the silk road. The most important export for the Han empire was silk.
The Gupta empire was far the most active sea trading people of the time. The made merchants and trading super important and that made their economy flourish. People could also control their own business. Agriculture and textile industries were important. Cotton, wool, silk , and linen were some common textiles. Transportation was used with ox carts or with Indian ships to get trade around.
The Gupta period was definitely more advanced in trade and the development of their country, however textiles were important for both empires. Although the Han didn't use the sea, they had access to the silk road which was beneficial to their economy.
Fall of the Empire
It wasn’t until about 455 C.E. that the Gupta Empire began having trouble. All the power, wealth, and extravagant living led the rulers to become very lazy. They became invaded by Huns and they became very weakened by the expense of the war. The Huns then took over and all of India split up into individual kingdoms.Ultimately, the Hephthalites, an Asian nomadic tribe, were the reason for the destruction of the civilization. The war with the tribe devastated the empire’s economy. By 550, the Hephthalites had decimated the Gupta Empire.
What caused the Han empire to fall was its rulers who loved wealth and pleasure. This weakened the government and in 220 C.E, the Han dynasty fell. They ran out of money, had to raise taxes, and had a lot of anger within the cities. The Huns also attacked them over the wall. Soon the city began to revolt and the government downfall began.
The downfalls of these two empires all started the same way, laziness. Their rulers had gotten so wound up in their own lives, they forgot to watch over their kingdom and other people saw their vulnerability. That's why the Huns attacked them and it led to the failure of their empire.
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The Han created grand temples and palaces.
The also carved jade and ivory into ceramic figures. They improved bronze work and silkmaking techniques. They also brought back the Chinese landscape painting.
The Gupta also made wall murals and paintings, along with many poems. They also carved out cave shrines.