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All Skate / UAH

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Derek Bruff

on 29 April 2017

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Transcript of All Skate / UAH

All Skate
Active Learning in the University Classroom
Times for Telling
Schwartz & Bransford (1998)
Derek Bruff / Vanderbilt University
derekbruff.org /@derekbruff

"skates," marythom, Flickr (CC)
Your sister calls to say she’s having twins. Which of the following is more likely? (Assume she’s not having identical twins.)

A. Twin boys
B. Twin girls
C. One boy and one girl
D. All are equally likely.
"Prams," Rich Brooks, Flickr (CC)
Peer Instruction
"Colourful army," maistora, Flickr
In your coin flip simulation, which of the following did you get?

A. Twin boys
B. Twin girls
C. One boy and one girl
Twin #1
Twin #2
Boy
Girl
Girl
Girl
Boy
Boy
Twin girls
One of each
One of each
Twin boys
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
50%
(25%)
(50%)
(25%)
(25%)
(25%)
Learning Communities
Photos by Kat Keller, Flickr (CC BY)
228 studies comparing active learning to traditional lecturing


Active Learning: "learning through activities and/or discussion in class... emphasizes higher-order thinking and often involves group work”

Traditional Lecture: "continuous exposition by the teacher"
Freeman et al. (2014)
http://is.gd/q7Kg4g
Readings / Videos
Hands-On Activities
A:
Readings / Videos
Hands-On Activities
B:
Schneider, Wallace, Blikstein, & Pea (2013)
Order Matters
http://sciencecases.lib.buffalo.edu/cs/
Guided Practice
Robert Talbert, Mathematics: http://is.gd/l1mt7y
Classroom Design
References
Ambrose, S., et al. (2010).
How learning works: Seven research-based principles for smart teaching
. Jossey-Bass.
Bruff. (2009).
Teaching with classroom response systems: Creating active learning environments
. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Calder, L. (2006). Uncoverage: Toward a signature pedagogy for the history survey.
Journal of American History
, 92(4), 1358-1370.
Cordray, D., Harris, T., & Klein, S. (2009). A research synthesis of the effectiveness, replicability, and generality of the VaNTH challenge-based instructional modules in bioengineering.
Journal of Engineering Education
, 98, 335-348.
Fagen, Crouch, & Mazur. (2002). Peer instruction: results from a range of classrooms.
The Physics Teacher
, 40(4), 206-209.
Freeman, S., et al. (2014). Active learning increases student performance in science, engineering, and mathematics.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
, 111(23), 8410-8415.
Seymore, E., & Hewitt, N. (2000).
Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences
. Westview Press.
Page, S. (2008).
The difference: How the power of diversity creates better groups, firms, schools, and societies.
Princeton University Press.
Parrott, H. M., & Cherry, E. (2011). Using structured reading groups to facilitate deep learning.
Teaching Sociology
. 39(4), 354-370.
Schneider B., Wallace J., Pea, R. & Blikstein P. (2013). Preparing for future learning with a tangible user interface: The case of neuroscience.
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies
.
Schwartz, D. L., & Bransford, J. D. (1998). A time for telling.
Cognition and Instruction
, 16(4), 475–522.
"One of the problems with lectures—and especially in the extreme form of 'continuous exposition by the teacher'—is that we don't know what’s going on in students' heads during the exposition. So, yes, there's an opportunity for students to... dismiss, take issue, agree, and make connections, but we don't know if that's what's going on."

Mark Sample, http://bit.ly/1XwXLm0
What are 5-6 technologies you have used or seen used in teaching contexts?
My Favorite Educational Technology
"Wheels on Chairs," Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC)
Mental Models
What are 5-6 technologies you have used or seen used in teaching contexts?
Practice & Feedback
Ambrose et al. (2010)
"Little Shredder," clappstar, Flickr (CC)
Interrupted Case Studies
Debate Maps
Derek's Story: http://derekbruff.org/?p=3143
Simulations
https://reacting.barnard.edu/
Representation Grids
In-Class Blogging
Humberto Garcia, Vanderbilt U.
http://is.gd/jFyCgz
The Flipped Classroom
What skills do your students need to practice?
How can you have them do so during class--in a way that involves all students and makes their learning visible?
Derek Bruff, Statistics
Determine an appropriate research question
Work with potentially messy data
Apply statistical techniques correctly
Visualize and communicate results
In-Class Polling
Collaborative Learning
"Nine by Nine," Derek Bruff, Flickr (CC)
Classroom Contracts
Difficult Dialogues, http://bit.ly/1qsKjSQ
Structured Reading Groups
Discussion leader
Passage master
Devil's advocate
Creative connector
Reporter
Parrott & Cherry (2011)
Further exploration...
Michele DiPietro, Kennesaw State
Don’t students need some kind of foundation before they can work with a topic?
Details: http://derekbruff.org/?p=1894
Normalizes help-seeking
Formative Assessment
"Macbook X-Ray," Pipeapple, Flickr (CC)
"Am I a professor?
Then what will I
say
today?
But if I am a teacher,
what will they
do
today?"

Bruce Kochis, via Lendol Calder

"You have to really do your homework. Otherwise, you're going to get crushed."
Margaret Rubega's Story: http://is.gd/KbKhFO
Fieldwork
See also: http://is.gd/T2kybD
And this: http://is.gd/0s55se
More #birdclass tweets: http://is.gd/2sWdGf
Categorize these super-heroes.
Iron Man
Superman
Hawkgirl
Thor
Batman
Storm
Cyborg
Captain America
Credit / apologies to Kimberly Tanner
Wolverine
Failure Rates:
Lecturing: 34%
Active Learning: 22%

Exam Scores:
Active Learning: 6 points higher

Builds social connections
What's challenging about using class time for practice & feedback?
What questions do you have about active learning?
Full transcript