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The Reign of Terror
Transcript of The Reign of Terror
- Supporters of constitutional monarchy + the King
- People who wanted a lot of change
When & Where?
September 1793 – July 1794
The Reign of Terror (la Terreur)
Intense, overwhelming fear
1. A period of frightful violence or bloodshed
2. Violence or threats of violence used for intimidation
The Economy (1780s):
: poor ruler
: Majority of France
The Great Fear:
Tennis Court Oath
against Feudal contracts
Leader of the
Called for the trial of King Louis XVI for
King Louis + wife Marie Antoinette were
The Fate of Louis & Marie
Antoine Louis & Tobias Schmidt
Metal blade weighed almost 90 lbs.
Used on almost 40,000 people during the French Revolution (
Robespierre's New Toy
“Archive of the British View of Unspeakable Events in the French Revolution.”
British Newspaper Coverage of the French Revolution. The University of California, 2000. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
“The French Revolution: The Reign of Terror.” The France of Victor Hugo.
Mount Holyoke College, 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
“Top 10 Facts about the Guillotine.”
The Sunday Express.
Northern and Shell
Media Publications, 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
“War, Terror, and Resistance.” Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the
French Revolution. National Endowment for the Humanities, 2008. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
The Terror Justified
Lack of oxygen and chemicals in the bloodstream is what kills
King Louis XVI: "I die innocent of all the crimes laid to my charge; I pardon those who have occasioned my death; and I pray to God that the blood you are going to shed may never be visited on France."
(The French Revolution).
Changes in France
Against counter-revolutionary views
Frustrated that so many wanted the King's monarchy put into place
Decided everyone who sided with the King would be executed
From the beginning of Robespierre's rule (September 1793) to the day he himself was guillotined (July 1794)
How did it impact France afterward?
Made people want to speak up against leaders like Robespierre
Kept everyone on edge
People wanted a better system for potential "criminals"
How has it affected France today?
More aware of political extremes
"What is the goal for which we strive? A peaceful enjoyment of liberty and equality, the rule of that eternal justice whose laws are engraved, not upon marble or stone, but in the hearts of all men" (
Dreadful, but necessary
Executions of those labeled "internal enemies" of France
Robespierre kept up the Terror, even as unnecessary
Restless desire for power, that ceases only in death (
Loss of useful lives
Promises to the country of France
"[The Revolution] spun out of control and began to murder itself" (