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The Reign of Terror

World History
by

Melissa Buss

on 8 August 2015

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Transcript of The Reign of Terror

Terror
The Assembly

R:
Conservatives
- Supporters of constitutional monarchy + the King




L:
Radicals
- People who wanted a lot of change
Jacobins
When & Where?
Background
September 1793 – July 1794
The Reign of Terror (la Terreur)
Intense, overwhelming fear

1. A period of frightful violence or bloodshed

2. Violence or threats of violence used for intimidation
The Economy (1780s):
Louis XVI
: poor ruler
Estates-General
: Majority of France
The Great Fear:
Tennis Court Oath
Parisian
mobs
Revolts
against Feudal contracts

Leader of the
Jacobins
Called for the trial of King Louis XVI for
treason
King Louis + wife Marie Antoinette were
executed
Became
dictator
Maximilien Robespierre
The Fate of Louis & Marie
"Humane" execution
Antoine Louis & Tobias Schmidt
First: 1792
Last: 1977
Metal blade weighed almost 90 lbs.
Used on almost 40,000 people during the French Revolution (
Top 10
).
Robespierre's New Toy
Works Cited


“Archive of the British View of Unspeakable Events in the French Revolution.”
British Newspaper Coverage of the French Revolution. The University of California, 2000. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.

“The French Revolution: The Reign of Terror.” The France of Victor Hugo.
Mount Holyoke College, 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.

“Top 10 Facts about the Guillotine.”
The Sunday Express.
Northern and Shell
Media Publications, 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.

“War, Terror, and Resistance.” Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the
French Revolution. National Endowment for the Humanities, 2008. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.

The Terror Justified
Instant Death?
13-15 seconds

Lack of oxygen and chemicals in the bloodstream is what kills
(Top 10)
.
King Louis XVI: "I die innocent of all the crimes laid to my charge; I pardon those who have occasioned my death; and I pray to God that the blood you are going to shed may never be visited on France."
(The French Revolution).
Changes in France
Robespierre:
Against counter-revolutionary views

Frustrated that so many wanted the King's monarchy put into place

Decided everyone who sided with the King would be executed

Town squares
Public
From the beginning of Robespierre's rule (September 1793) to the day he himself was guillotined (July 1794)
The Terror
How did it impact France afterward?
Made people want to speak up against leaders like Robespierre

Kept everyone on edge

People wanted a better system for potential "criminals"

Family life

Fresh leadership
How has it affected France today?
More aware of political extremes

Hopeful spirit

Reasonable gov't
"What is the goal for which we strive? A peaceful enjoyment of liberty and equality, the rule of that eternal justice whose laws are engraved, not upon marble or stone, but in the hearts of all men" (
Speech
).
Dreadful, but necessary

Executions of those labeled "internal enemies" of France
Relentless

Robespierre kept up the Terror, even as unnecessary

Restless desire for power, that ceases only in death (
Archive
).

Loss of useful lives

Promises to the country of France

"[The Revolution] spun out of control and began to murder itself" (
War
).
Images

http://payload.cargocollective.com/1/2/66131/1420538/guill%20copy_860.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/05/L'execution_de_Maximilien_de_Robespierre_a_la_guillotine.jpg

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-PPDR5yGJQ5c/UDbQCZ91GCI/AAAAAAAABl0/EajMtli9as4/s1600/reignofterror.jpg

http://a66c7b.medialib.glogster.com/alittlefield/media/81/81ec51fd039df36c4920b3584ce059b3fc90e71e/french-revolution-3.png

http://fc09.deviantart.net/fs71/i/2011/316/3/6/aph__reign_of_terror_by_black_okami6513-d4fzkhc.jpg

http://blogs.isb.bj.edu.cn/16annettey/files/2013/05/1.-tennis-court-oath-1.jpg

https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwarthist255/kat_a

http://boisdejustice.com/Definitions/Guillotine-Names.GIF

http://www.fmboschetto.it/Utopiaucronia/uchroniesenfrancais/Louis_XIV/Louis_XVIII.jpg
Full transcript