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TOK-Language (Nawras)

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Nawras Kurzum

on 25 October 2015

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Transcript of TOK-Language (Nawras)

Knowledge Questions
To what extent and in what ways does the variety of languages create problems of communication?

What role, if any, does technology play into the expansion of global communications?
How do we learn language?
Is Language Exclusive to the Human Species?
Language: Symbolic System
Written Language
Language
Shades of Meaning
Further Meaning:
Metaphor
Perspectives in
Language
Signs: Simple Symbols
"Life is a journey"
George Lakoff and Mark Johnson
Metaphors and Symbols
Language: Roles in
Our Lives
Just as sense perception, language isn't neutral.

Recognizing various points of view.
One-to-one representation
Obvious signs
"Reading" signs
We think...
We interact socially...
We share information...
We persuade others...
We express our emotions...
We create...
Cultural Perspectives In language
Language: a TOK
Way of Knowing
Overcoming Limitation
Idea of Limitation


Benjamin Whorf



Problem of Knowledge:
Perspective
(Woman = Man + 'Wo')/ Human
Language is what it is...
Language bridges personal knowledge and shared knowledge.

Through written language we can even connect to past generations.
Knowledge Question
Is precision equally
important in all functions of language?

Would it be better for
knowledge if everyone
spoke the same language worldwide?
Knowledge Question

What kinds of experiences
elude language?
By:
Nawras Kurzom

Activity 1
Write down some ways you use language in everyday life.
Activity 3
How important does understanding a language affect understanding a culture?
Citations
Activity 4
Charades!
Differing views:

B.F. Skinner
- Behaviorist approach,
no innate capacity for learning.
Noam Chomsky
- capacity to learn
language is innate in human beings.


"I go" "I goed"
To what extent is the human
species distinct in having
language?
Animal
communication


vs.


Human
Language
Not just natural connections

Smoke
=
Fire
Symbols can be ambiguous or
straightforward
Problem of Knowledge:
Complemented by:

Mathematics
Music
Painting
Sculpture
Contemporary form of
learning and exchanging ideas.
Role of Technology in Language

Communication
Translation
Connotation:
Flavor
Denotation:
Meaning
Precision:
Sciences vs. Politics
The Aymara People






"q'ipa nia marana" --> "in the year behind"

The power of language
"But if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought."
-George Orwell
To what extent, if any, can ways of knowing affect human progress?
Activity 2

Interpretation of Meaning
"This material is outdated"
"I'll talk to you in a bit"
"My car was expensive"
"It's very hot out"
"That person was running really fast"
Ambiguity

"How Language Transformed Humanity."
Mark Pagel:. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.
Photography
Film
Maps
Scientific models
"Language Design - Noam Chomsky."
YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.
"The Power of Words." YouTube. YouTube,
n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.
Problem of Knowledge:

Bias
Words: Complex Symbols
Words and Grammar: The symbolic System
Words are not one-to-one


Problems of Knowledge:
Mistranslation
Back Translation
Rocks look like rocks but don't sound the same
Can express what is, will, could be
Rock
Words are not isolated
Dombrowski, Eileen, Lena Rotenberg, and
Mimi Bick. "How Do We Know? Language." Theory of Knowledge: Course Companion. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007. N. pag. Print.
Dombrowski, Eileen, Lena Rotenberg, and Mimi
Bick. "Chapter 8: Language as a Way of Knowing." IB Theory of Knowledge: For the IB Diploma. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2013. N. pag. Print.
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