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Lesson 4:

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by

Stephen Johns

on 16 November 2014

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Transcript of Lesson 4:

Lesson 4:
From Manuscripts to Versions

Manuscripts
Greek Text
Which Manuscripts Do You Use?
Older or Newer?
More Complete or Fragmentary?
More broadly found or local?
Longer or Shorter reading?
Smooth or Difficult Reading?
The Textus Receptus
Other Greek Texts
Greek Text
English Version
Why is there even a debate?
Formal Equivalence
Dynamic Equivalence
"The ESV is an 'essentially literal' translation that seeks as far as possible to capture the precise wording of the original text and the personal style of each Bible writer. As such, its emphasis is on "word-for-word" correspondance . . ."
"The New American Standard Bible translation team adhered to the literal philosophy of translation. This is the most exacting and demanding method of translation, and requires a word-for-word translation that is accurate and precise, yet easily readable."
About 84% of the King James Version matches Tyndale and was based on it which was a word-for-word translation. The New King James followed the same philosophy in seeking to update the language of the King James.
Three Key Errors
of
Dynamic Equivalency
1. It takes liberties with the text
2. It destabilizes the text
3. You lose the words themselves
Psalm 24:10

"Who is he, this King of glory? The LORD Almighty— he is the King of glory." - NIV
Psalm 24:10

"Who is this King of glory?
The LORD of hosts,
he is the King of glory! Selah" - ESV
All Versions are on a Spectrum
Dynamic Equivalency
Formal Equivalency
Paraphrase
KJV, NKJV, NASB, ESV
NIV, TNIV, NLT
TLB, The Message
Full transcript