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Execise, Health and Lifestyle - Factors - Healthy Diet
Transcript of Execise, Health and Lifestyle - Factors - Healthy Diet
Healthy Diet - Deiet Iachus
Healthy eating involves choosing the right foods in the right balance to provide all the essential nutrients and energy required by the body for optimal health.
Task - Tasg
1. What reasons contribute to people adopting a healthy diet.
2. What reasons contribute to people adopting an unhealthy diet.
Task - Tasg
In groups of three, produce a 'Healthy Eating Guide' that can give tips, advice and suggestions to the class about the best ways to ensure a healthy diet.
This guide can come in the form of a leaflet, a poster or a presentation.
A Simple Guide to Healthy Eating
Eat the correct amount to maintain a healthy body weight.
Cut back on fat (especially saturated fat)
Eat plenty of food with a high starch and fibre content.
Don’t eat sugary foods too often.
Use salt sparingly and avoid relying on convenience foods.
Ensure adequate vitamin and mineral intake by eating a wide variety of foods.
Drink alcohol within sensible limits.
Ensure you are hydrated throughout the day.
Enjoy food and don’t become obsessive
Diabetes is a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. This is because your pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin, or not enough insulin, to help glucose enter your body’s cells –
•Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas that allows glucose to enter the body’s cells, where it is used as fuel for energy so we can work, play and generally live our lives. It is vital for life.
•Glucose comes from digesting carbohydrate and is also produced by the liver.
•If you have diabetes, your body cannot make proper use of this glucose so it builds up in the blood and can’t be used as fuel.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder and mental health condition that can be life-threatening.
People with anorexia try to keep their weight as low as possible, usually by restricting the amount of food they eat. They often have a distorted image of themselves, thinking that they're fat when they're not.
Some people with the condition also exercise excessively, and some eat a lot of food in a short space of time (binge eating) and then make themselves sick or use laxatives (purging).
Coronary Heart Disease
Excess cholesterol provided by foods are increase blood cholesterol levels. These fats are often deposited in blood vessels and can cause blockages.
This leads to hypertension - increased blood pressure - and it is this increased blood pressure that puts strain on the heart and can lead to CHD.
Hypertension is also a leading contributing factor for heart attacks and stroke.