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How to teach collocations
Transcript of How to teach collocations
Do you use dictionaries in class? Do you train students to use dictionaries?
Do your students have a vocabulary notebook? Why (not)?
Do your students revise vocabulary? If so, how?
* Collocations are words that frequently occur together.
* Collocations should be taught from intermediate level on.
* In order to improve students' vocabulary, we need to teach as many words as possible.
Collocations are words which are statistically much more likely to appear together than random chance suggests.
Collocation means natural combinations of words; it refers to the way English words are closely associated with each other.
Collocation is the way words combine in a language to produce natural-sounding speech and writing.
Dictionary of collocations, LTP
Collocations in use, CUP
Oxford collocations dictionary for students of English, OUP
Types of collocations - strength: Weak, strong and fixed collocations
have a shower
now or never
sick and tired
How do we choose the collocations we will teach?
Why teach collocations?
________ a car
* I drink a lot of coffee.
* I drank coffee for breakfast this morning.
* I learned to drive a car when I was 14.
* I usually drive a car to work.
Mother to child:
Be careful when you ________ the
Stratford: ________ from the
here for Stratford station.
From a newspaper article:
Thursday night's special town council
will ________ as planned according to town council President John Roth.
From a Facebook page:
will ________ as usual on the 5th March in Doyle's in Camlough at 7 30.
* So students can speak and write in a more natural way;
This is the productive vocabulary in your lesson:
Decide which collocations you would teach.
How do your students record and revise vocabulary?
These are the collocations students need to practice:
go away on holiday
get a visa
book a room
unpack one's luggage
have a good time
Design a task.
get the chance
the apple of my eye
* To increase students' range of vocabulary;
* topic / relevance
* (un) predictability
* item frequency
How do you present and organise vocabulary?
ridiculous / stupid
terrible / impoverished
disastrous / difficult
heavy / torrential
Types of collocations - form: