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How to teach collocations

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Lorena Pessanha

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of How to teach collocations

How to teach collocations
Do you use dictionaries in class? Do you train students to use dictionaries?
Do your students have a vocabulary notebook? Why (not)?
Do your students revise vocabulary? If so, how?
* Collocations are words that frequently occur together.

* Collocations should be taught from intermediate level on.

* In order to improve students' vocabulary, we need to teach as many words as possible.


Collocations are words which are statistically much more likely to appear together than random chance suggests.


Collocation means natural combinations of words; it refers to the way English words are closely associated with each other.


Collocation is the way words combine in a language to produce natural-sounding speech and writing.
Dictionary of collocations, LTP
Collocations in use, CUP
Oxford collocations dictionary for students of English, OUP
Types of collocations - strength: Weak, strong and fixed collocations
have a shower
now or never
sick and tired
inclement weather
How do we choose the collocations we will teach?
Why teach collocations?
________ a car
________ coffee
* I drink a lot of coffee.
* I drank coffee for breakfast this morning.
* I learned to drive a car when I was 14.
* I usually drive a car to work.
drive
drink
had
Mother to child:
Be careful when you ________ the
bus
, darling.
Bus announcement:
Stratford: ________ from the
bus
here for Stratford station.
From a newspaper article:
Thursday night's special town council
meeting
will ________ as planned according to town council President John Roth.
From a Facebook page:
Our monthly
meeting
will ________ as usual on the 5th March in Doyle's in Camlough at 7 30.
USAGE
REGISTER
* So students can speak and write in a more natural way;
Task 1:
This is the productive vocabulary in your lesson:

cake
pizza
ice-cream
juice


Decide which collocations you would teach.
How do your students record and revise vocabulary?
Tools:
Task 2:
These are the collocations students need to practice:

go away on holiday
get a visa
exchange money
book a room
unpack one's luggage
have a good time

Design a task.
Practice tasks:
http://www.ozdic.com/
http://www.just-the-word.com/
http://oxforddictionary.so8848.com/
auburn hair
arouse interest
broad shoulders
get the chance
the apple of my eye
tell
say
talk
speak
talk
say
tell
talks
talking
coke
soup
burger
* To increase students' range of vocabulary;
* topic / relevance
* (un) predictability
* level
* item frequency
http://www.macmillandictionary.com/
How do you present and organise vocabulary?
ridiculous / stupid
inefficient
terrible / impoverished
disastrous / difficult
dark
heavy
heavy / torrential
hard
Types of collocations - form:
adverb
verb
adjective
noun
adverb
verb
submit
a report
the fog
closed in
examine
thoroughly
a warm
smile
bitterly
disappointed
have
a great
time
alight
get off
proceed
go ahead
go ahead
proceed
Full transcript