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The Ming Dinq Dynasty
Transcript of The Ming Dinq Dynasty
Dalton The Ming and Qinq Dynasty Key People:
Lord George Macartney 1362: Ming dynasty begins
1400-1433: Sea voyages begin
Early 1500's: Isolation from foreign relations
Late 1500's: Ming decline
1644: Qing dynasty begins
1661-1772: Qing dynasty relative peace
1750: China's population boomed
1800's: Qing dynasty ends Key Events Zheng He led seven voyages around the Indian ocean as far as Africa between 1405 and 1433. Zheng sailed with huge fleets as many as 300 ships, these fleets included trading ship called junks as well as immense treasure ships, each about 400 feet long. After 1433, however a new emperor stopped the overseas voyages. Ming Sea Voyages The policy to end the voyages was part of a move in Ming China toward isolation from the outside world; Ming heavily restricted foreign trade and travel to limit outside contacts. The arrival of the European traders and Christian missionaries in the 1500s was the reason for the Ming emperors’ to isolate China. Foreign merchants were allowed to trade only at a few Chinese ports, such as canton, and only during certain times. Ming Foreign Relations Ming improved methods of irrigation increased farm production, and peasants produced huge crops of rice in the southern river valleys. New crops from the Americas, such as corn and sweet potatoes, reached china in 1500s and increased farm output. Industries such as the manufacture of porcelain and silk expanded in response to a growing European demand for Chinese goods. Ming Economy & Society The late 1500s, the Ming dynasty began to decline; several weak rulers took the throne, and under their rule corruption increased. Ming rulers raised taxes high to combined with crop failures in the 1600s that led to famine and hardship. As Ming china weakened the Manchuria swept into Beijing and took the capital in 1644. The Manchu then formed their own dynasty and gave it a Chinese name-Qing. Ming Decline The Qing dynasty which ruled from 1644 to 1911, became the last dynasty in 3,500 years of imperial rule in china. To win the support of the Chinese, the Manchu showed respect for Chinese custom and maintained there traditions. Manchu were not allowed to marry Chinese, and Manchu women were forbidden to bind their feet as Chinese women did. Qing china flourished under two outstanding emperors: Kangxi and his grandson Qianlong.
Qianlong continued the Ming policy of isolation and restricting foreign trade. Dutch began a thriving trade in Chinese goods. Dutch traders obtained Chinese porcelain and silk along with a new good tea, which became the main Chinese export to Europe. In 1793 a British official, lord George Macartney, came to china to discuss expanding trade. The Chinese found the British goods that he had brought inferior to there own products. The Chinese demanded respect from Macartney by kneeling in front of the emperor, Macartney refused and the Chinese sent him away. In 1800s European efforts to open china’s closed society would eventually topple the Qing dynasty- and imperial rule. Qing Dynasty & Foreign Rule Question Time! Hongwu:
First emperor of the Ming dynasty in China; he drove Mongols out of China, Korea, and Manchuria. He concentrated all power in his own hands. Yonglo:
The third emperor of the Ming dynasty in China: he ordered the reconstruction of Bejing and made it the capital of China. He also commissioned an encyclopedia that covered history, philosophy, literature, astronomy, medicine, and numerous other topics. Zheng He:
Admiral, dipolmat, and explorer during China's Ming Dynast; his Chinese fleet visted more than 30 countries. Matteo Ricci:
Italian missionary; he traveled to China in 1583. He learned the langaugeand adopted many customs, which gaimed him entry to the Ming court. He introduced China to mathematics, science, and technology Kangxi:
Chinese emporer of the Qing dynasty from 1661 to 1722; his reign was one of relative peace. He constructed many public works and was a patron of the arts. Qianlong:
emporer of the Qing dynasty from 1735 to 1796; he was the grandson of Kangxi. During his reign, China expanded to its greatest size. He limited foreign contacts and ordered traders to conduct business with the Chinese government, not with private merchants. Lord George Macarthey:
British diplomat; he visited China during 1793 to discuss expanding trade. He was sent away after his goods were found to be inferior and he refused to kowtow to the emporer. The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty Under the Ming and Qing rule, the Chinese made many developments in the arts and literature. The beauty and superb quality of Ming porcelain made it a valuable trade item, especially in Europe. During the Ming period, rising literacy rates contributed to the growth of popular fiction, or fiction written in everyday language for the common people. In the 1700s the Qing writer Cao Zhan wrote the novel Dream of the red chamber. Culture 1.) What two names were the trading ships called?
2.) Peasants produced what and where?
3.) What industries expanded in response to a growing European demand for Chinese goods?
4.) Ming rulers did what that led to famine and hardship in the 1600's?
5.) Which dynasty became the last dynasty in 3,500 years?
6.) The Qing dynasty flourished under which two emporers?
7.) Which country began a thriving trade in Chinese goods?
8.) The writer Cao Zhan wrote what book?
9.) The Chinese sent who away for not kowtowing in front of the emperor?
10.) To win the support of the Chinese, the Manchu did what to show respect?