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History of Canada's Health Care System

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Alexander Rodrigues

on 15 June 2014

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Transcript of History of Canada's Health Care System

History of Canada's Health Care System
National Insurance Act (1911)
In 1911 Lloyd George lead the Liberal Party in Great Britain into implementing an insurance act. This act provided free health care to those whose wages were less than the amount required to pay income tax. This act also provided free health care to the unemployed. This health care was paid for by workers, employers, and the government. This system became the first health care system implemented in the 1900s, and it soon became an inspirational system for Canada.
World War 1 ( 1914-1918)
With the start of World War 1, many Canadian men were willing to enlist in the army. Although, during this time period there were many diseases in effect. Examples of these diseases include smallpox, measles, and typhoid. These diseases meant that a lot of men couldn't volunteer for the war as they were affected by these diseases. Also, life in the trenches introduced many problems itself, one of which being trench foot. With all these diseases in play, many Canadians felt like we should make a national health department. The role of this department would be to overlook the spread of these diseases and also focus on prevention.
Influenza Pandemic (1918-1919)
The end of World War 1 brought along a new deadly disease, Spanish Influenza (also known as the Spanish Flu) The Canadian government had to work fast to provide shelter, food, and supplies to the sick. In total, about 50,000 Canadians died to the Spanish Flu. This event also sparked the idea of creating a federal health department whose responsibility is to deal with situations such as the Spanish Flu.
The Halifax Explosion (1917)
In Halifax in 1917, a French cargo ship carrying explosives exploded in the Halifax Harbor. The explosion killed thousands and left hundreds injured. The Canadian Government responded to this incident by temporary funding health care to those who were injured. This was the first time the Canadian Government funded health care.
Canadian Health Care Act (1984)
In 1984 the Canadian government created the Canadian Health Care Act. The act provided the foundation of Canada's health care, by listing the 5 key aspects that Canadian health care should cover.

The 5 key aspects were:

Public Administration
United Farmers of Alberta Provincial Insurance Program (1935)

From 1921-1935 the United Farmers of Alberta were in power i the province of Alberta. During their time in office, they improved the health care in Alberta. They improved the training of doctors, increased access to health care for people in rural areas, and created a provincial insurance program, the first of its kind. Their work in Alberta was one of the first successful changes in health care in Canada.
Saskatchewan Health Care Program 1962
In Saskatchewan in 1962, Canada's first health care system is put into place. This system was created by Tommy Douglas and the co-operative commonwealth party, after they won the 1960 election. They introduced publicly funded health care in hospitals, clinics, and doctors offices. This medical system was also known as medicare. The Saskatchewan doctors were not happy about this program, as they were not able to earn as much money. As soon as a law was made regarding this medicare program, 90% of the province's doctors went on strike. This event was known as the Saskatchewan Doctors' Strike. The doctors eventually came back to work to follow the medicare plan.
Today, Canada is seen as one of the few countries that has universal health care. Our system has become an inspiration to other countries, and it proves its success. But how did Canada even get this health care system? This timeline will provide you with the key events needed to understand how Canada's health care became what it is today.
Caduceus- Symbol of health care
Prime Minister Borden Creates a Health Care System For Veterans 1917
As years passed the first world war continued. Canada was receiving less and less volunteers for the war. So, Prime Minister Borden creates a health care system for war veterans. This was done to try to influence people to join the war. When this attempt failed, Borden is forced to implement conscription in Canada.
1966- National Medicare Program
Years after the successful implementation of the Saskatchewan medical insurance program, Tommy Douglas and the CCF managed to implement the same system across Canada. On July 1st 1962, Canada's healthcare system was born. It provided universal health care under a medical insurance plan. It was the first program of it's kind in North America.
1948 National Health Grant Program
In 1948 Paul Martin Sr., father of the 21st prime minister of Canada, and his staff were able to convince Prime Minister Mackenzie King to implement a health grant system across Canada. This system was considered a good start for the national health care program that was soon to be implemented in 1966. This grant program allowed the prevention and research of certain diseases
Canada's health care system took years to create. Through many struggles and gains, Canada now has the system it has today. Canada is only one of the few countries that provides free health care. Having free health care has defined Canada as a country that is able to work together, as other countries, such as the United States, are failing to implement a health insurance program.
The Main Idea!

Source A:
Brown, Lorne. "Web page." Canadian Dimension. Progressive, 3 July 2012. Web. 15
May 2014. <http://canadiandimension.com/articles/4795>.
Source B:
"Two Tiered Medical System: An Overview." Canadian Points of View. N.p., n.d.
Web. 15 May 2014. <http://www.ebscohost.com/canadian-schools/
Source C:
Saskatchewan New Democrats. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2014.
Source D:
Medicare Privatization. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://medicare.ca/main/

Source E:
Making Medicare. Canadian Museum of History, n.d. Web. 15 May 2014.
Source F:
"The Fight for Medicare." CBC Learning. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, n.d.
Web. 15 May 2014. <http://www.cbc.ca/history/
Source G:
Dunlop, Marilyn. "Health Policy." Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 7 2
2009. Web. 16 May 2014. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/

Source F:
Dunlop, Marilyn. "Health Policy." Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada, 7 2
2009. Web. 16 May 2014. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/

Tommy Douglas
Paul Martin Sr.
Primary Sources
This is the first of three primary sources seen throughout this prezi. This picture was propaganda created by the opposition of George Loyd. Some people believed that the insurance act was a bad idea, but George Loyd was able to win the public's support and put this insurance act into place.

Source: http://www.lookandlearn.com/history-images/XD152819/Postcard-opposing-the-National-Insurance-Act-1911?img=1&search=David+Lloyd+George&bool=phrase
This is the second of three primary sources found throughout this presentation. During the influenza pandemic, the government had the responsibility to minimize the impact the disease had on Canada. So, this public notice was meant to tell the public what buildings were closed because of the disease. Also, this public notice gives a few tips on how to prevent getting the Spanish Flu.

Source: http://hardluckasthma.blogspot.ca/2013_10_01_archive.html
This is the third and last primary source found in this presentation. This is a public notice put by a doctors to inform patients that his office will be closed. The reason why his office is closed is because this doctor participated in the Saskatchewan Doctors' Strike. Almost all the doctors in Saskatchewan went on strike during this time, because they disagreed with the Medicare Act put in by Tommy Douglas and the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation.

Source: http://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/hist/medicare/medic-5h07e.shtml
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