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PRINCIPLE AND PROCEDURES OF MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT

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Dolla Ernandas

on 14 September 2013

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Transcript of PRINCIPLE AND PROCEDURES OF MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT

PRINCIPLE AND PROCEDURES OF MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT
1. Materials should be clearly linked to the curriculum they serve
2. Materials should be authentic in terms of text and task
3. Materials should stimulate interaction
4. Materials should allow learners to focus on formal aspects of the language
5. Materials should encourage learners to develop learning skills, and skills in learning
6. Materials should encourage learners to apply their developing skills to the world beyond the classroom

Tomlinson, suggest the following principles:
1. Materials should achieve impacts
2. Materials should help learners to feel at ease
3. Materials should help learners to develop confidence
4. What is being taught should be perceived by learners as relevant and useful
5. Materials should require and facilitate learner self-investment
6. Learners must be ready to acquire the points being taught
7. Materials should expose the learners to language in authentic use
8. The learners’ attention should be drawn to linguistic features of the input
9. Materials should provide the learners with opportunities to use the target language to achieve communicative purposes
10. Materials should take into account that the positive effects of instruction are usually delayed
11. Materials should take into account that learners differ in learning styles
12. Materials should take into account that learners differ in affective attitudes
13. Materials should permit a silent period at the beginning of instruction

14. Materials should maximize learning potential by encouraging intellectual, aesthetic and emotional involvement which stimulates both right and left brain activities
15. Materials should not rely too much on controlled practice
16. Materials should provide opportunities for outcome feedback
17. Materials should be clearly linked to the curriculum they serve
18. Materials should be authentic in terms of text and task
19. Materials should stimulate interaction
20. Materials should allow learners to focus on formal aspects of the language
21. Materials should encourage learners to develop learning skills, and skills in learning
22. Materials should encourage learner to apply their developing language skills to the world beyond the classroom
23. Materials should act as a stimulus to learning (e.g. texts are interesting; there are opportunities for learners to use their existing knowledge and skills; both teacher and learners can cope with the content)
24. Materials should help to organize the teaching-learning process (e.g. there should be a clear and coherent structure which help the teacher to plan lessons and learners to feel a sense of progress and achievement, but the structure should not be so rigid that monotony results)
25. Materials should embody a view of the nature of teaching and learning (i.e. reflect the beliefs of the writer)
26. Materials should reflect the nature of the learning task – in this case, language learning (i.e. represent the complexity of language learning but also its manageability)
27. Materials should provide models of correct and appropriate language use
Nunan (1988) identified
the six principles of
materials design as follow:
Full transcript