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Washington D.C Packet
Transcript of Washington D.C Packet
On November 9, 1916, Jeanette Rankin of Montana was elected the first woman to serve in the House of Representatives. This all occurred before women were given the right to vote in all states. The custom of flying a flag 24 hours a day over the Capitol building started by the encouragement of the people during World War II. The flag measures 8 by 12. "The House of Representatives will derive its powers from the people of America... The Senate, on the other hand will derive its power from the states."
-James Madison, Signer of the Constitution
The branch of government presently housed in the capitol is the Legislative branch. Capitol Building On November 9, 1916, the first woman to be elected to serve in the House of Representatives was Jeanette Rankin of Montana. This was before women in all states were allowed the right to vote. The custom of flying a flag 24 hours a day over the Capitol building started by the encouragement of the people during WWII. This flag is 8 by 12 feet. "The House of Representatives will derive its powers from the people of America... The Senate, on the other hand, will derive its power from the states."
-James Madison, Signer of the Constitution There are 538 presidential electors. Each Congressional House District is allotted 1 vote, each State is allotted 1 per Senator, and the District of Columbia is allotted 3. The word "Congress" means: intercourse or to come together.
Hiram Revels was born a free black in North Carolina. At the age of 46, he went on to become the first black Senator from the state of Mississippi. His right to become a Senator was disputed because he had only been a citizen for four years. How could this be?
Because you have to be a citizen for atleast 9 years to become a Senator, he was only a citizen for four years. The House's historical clock shows the Muse of History, in her chariot, recording history as it takes place. She is located in the old House chambers, and her name is Clio. The Capitol building was built in stages. Abraham Lincoln insisted that the Capitol Dome contine being constructed during the Civil War. He persisted its construction so our nation's people could see. And our country's government would survive. The "Mona Lisa" was never housed in the Capitol. Designed in 1856, the Statue of Freedom was raised into place on top of the Capitol Dome. Michaelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel. And Constatino Brumidi was considered the "Michaelangelo of the Capitol." The oil painting hung on the walls of the Capitol Rotunda containing the ship called "The Speedwell," is the Embarkation of Pilgrims, by Robert W. Weir. The Civil War-Battle of Gettysburg The three-day battle took place just prior to a national holiday. The battle dates are July 1-3, 1863 in Pennsylvania. The top two generals in the Battle of Gettysburg are: Northern troops, General Richard E. Well. And Southern troops, Robert E. Lee. On Day one of the Battle of Gettysburg 51,112 people were killed. It took place in Gettysburg Pennsylvania. The ridge position of teh Confederate Line was General Robert E. Lee. And teh ridge of the Union Line was Maj. General George G. Meade. On day three the South marched across teh open field toward the "high water mark." This final battle was called "Pickett's Charge." Lincoln gave his Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863 at the dedication of the first Soldiers National Cemetary, in Gettysburg. "Four Score and seven years ago..."
Lincoln was referring to the birth of our country on July 4, 1776 in the above quote. National Archives The National Archives not only preserves and makes available for reference and research the permanently valuable records of our government, but publishes "The Federal Register." The Federal Register is a daily publication of the U.S Federal Government that issues propsed and final Administrative regulationsof the federal agencies. The National Archives exist for two purposes: the fist being for stories. and the second reason being that it provides public access to original documents that set up the American Government as a democracy in 1774. The Charters of Freedom are The Declaration of Independence, Constitution, and Bill of Rights. Althought the Magna Carta is not an American document, it was the foundation for fundamental state rights. The American architect who designed the National Archives, National Gallery of Art, and the Jefferson Memorial was Friedrich St. Florian. The original Bill of Rights contained 12 articles, two of which were not ratified. Later, the Second Amendment was ratified as our 27th Amendment. The Judicial branch of government is represented by the Supreme Court. We now have 9 Chief Justices.
Our present Chief Justice is John G. Roberts Jr. William Howard Taft's connection with the Supreme Court and White House was that he was a distinguished jurist, effective administrator, but poor politician. When a new justice is "sworn in," they must take a oath of office and affirmation oath. The affirmation oath is always given first. Members of the Supreme Court are appointed by the president subject to the approval of the Senate. The first African-American to tak e oath of office as a Supreme Court Justice was Thurgood Marshall. Under president Barrack Obama, two women have been sworn in to serve on the bench. One more woman has served, Sonia Sotomayor. One example of a case heard by the highest court in the land was Kelo vs. New London. Supreme Court Justices serve during "good Behaviour," which was generally meant life terms. This is to ensure an independent Judiciary and to protect judges from partisan pressures. The Justices are sworn to uphold the founding document called the "Constitution." The connection between Chief Justice John Marshall and Liberty Bell is it cracked for the second time when ringing to commemorate Marshall's death. White Quills are placed on the counsel tables each day thats teh court sits, it is a tradition that has continued at the opening of every session of court. On either side of the main steps are seated to marble figures: The female is the contemplation of justice. And the male, is the guardian. In 1929, Congress authorized a home for the Supreme Court. In 1803, a congressional law was found to be in violation of the U.S Constitution. The Supreme Court, therefore, ruled it "unenforceable." The historica case is called Marbury vs. Madison.