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Conflicts of Korea by Davis, Hara, Sarah, Jane, and Eugene

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Davis Beatty

on 5 June 2014

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Transcript of Conflicts of Korea by Davis, Hara, Sarah, Jane, and Eugene

The Korean War: Part 2
The Three Kingdoms of Korea
How has the three kingdoms affected the past and the present of Korea?
How has Sino japan War affect the past and the present of Korea?
Sino Japanese War
Korean War: Part 1
How has Japanese Occupation affect the past and present of Korea?
Did you know, when the Korean War ended, over 3 million people died, and most of them weren't even fighting. I am going to talk about the Korean War. The South was still recovering from the Japanese Occupation (1901-1945), so a lot of people were poor. They were poor because Japan destroyed their economy. They had to clean and rebuild palaces. They also had to build some more Buddhist temples. Then the North invaded the South, the South almost got pushed back to the sea near Busan.
The war lasted for 3 years. According to Wikipedia, the Korean War started on June 25, 1950. When the North invaded the South. When the North invaded the South, the person in charge of the invasion in North Korea was Kim Il Sung. America was still helping the South recover from the Japanese Occupation, so when the North invaded, America helped fight back with the South and many other countries.
The South thought the North was still recovering like them; instead, they were getting ready to invade the South. They were surprised when the North invaded. The North had a lot of tanks and other weapons to invade the South, but the South had a little. A lot of people died. Do you know how men? You should know this; it was over 3 million men who died. The reason for this is so they could protect their side of the country.
From what I learned, the North invaded the South because they wanted to be a communist. The South thought that was a bad idea and should be a democracy, but the North thought communist was a great idea. They had different points of view about the government. A communist government is when the government controls the country and the people, they could not vote for their leader or vote for laws. A democracy government allows the people to vote the laws and the people get to choose their leader. I think South's choice was better. During the war there was a lot of fighting and violence, they destroyed people’s house and buildings. The people that had a really nice home before the war had a very dangerous place to live during the war and after the war. It ended on July 27, 1953 when they decided to separate the country on the 38Th parallel. After the war ended they started to build the DMZ. They also had to rebuild the whole country because most of it destroyed by the war. It took a long time to do because they had to build a whole country that took a lot of work to do. They used to live in Korean, Traditional houses. Now, there are tall apartments and skyscrapers. They live a life like nothing happened back then with North Korea and other conflicts.
To summarize, the Korean War affected the past and the present in Korea. The Korea war started what North Korea invaded South Korea. It ended when they separated the country on the 38Th parallel. A lot of people of people were poor before the Korean War happened. Over 3 million people died when the war ended. After I wrote this I noticed that North Korea and South Korea had a different reasons why they had the war, but they have a lot of tension between the two countries, even today. I hope you learned a lot about the Korean War.

How have conflicts affected the past and the present of Korea?

My grandpa used to tell me that his dad's friend always had to run away from his house during the Japanese Occupation, and after I heard that, I wanted to teach other people about the Japanese occupation. Right now, I will tell you about the Japanese Occupation and how it happened.
But first, as reported by Historium.com, before the Japanese Occupation, the Joseon Dynasty began to fall apart. The Joseon politics were very corrupt. If someone or something is corrupt, it means that they are not honest behavior by those in positions of power.
For example, many positions were given to family members who didn't have skills (what type?) but social status. And that seems to be the reason why Japan was easy to have the power to control Korea.
Also, according to the Berkley Center, in 1895, Japan wanted to have an open trade with Korea, which is an action that two country or lands share items they need. But Korea didn't really want to, but they had to.
So japan forced Korea to have the same agreement of Gangwha and marked the beginning of the Japanese Occupation. But the official occupation started on 1910.
When I read this passage, it made me thinks that Japan really must have wanted to take over Korea and have the power.
To add on, do you know what happened in the Japanese occupation?
Japan forced a lot of people to work for them and to follow the Japanese rules.
And also, gave them Japanese names, so lots of people forgot their Korean names.
Japan surrendered after the allies shot bombs. But as told by Christopher Smith, he said, "There is still great controversy in Korea about Japan's treatment of Korea during its occupation."
After reading about this, I realized that from Korea's point of view, they might think that Japan is occupying Korea just to have more power, but in Japan's point of view, they might occupy Korea because they needed more people to work for them. Also,
After Japan surrendered, the allies took over Korea and divided Korea into half for 5 years before the Korean War.
Overall, Korean conflict has affected the past and present of Korea. The Joseon Dynasty began to fall apart in 1895 which led to the Japanese Occupation. During the Occupation, Japan forced the Koreans to work for them and made them follow japan rules. Throughout my research, I have discovered that Japan and Korea have different point of view about this time. Even today, the Japan wants more power to their country.

Korea has had many conflicts but these affected them the most.
Everybody attention! Do you know how Sino Japanese War affect Korea's past and present? Well, if you don't know, you should listen to me.
First, according to Sino- Japanese War by Encyclopedia Britannica, China and Japan had a big disagreement between Korea because they both wanted to take over Korea and have the power. This is giving the idea that China and Japan both wants to rule Korea, but in china's point of view, they wanted more resources from Korea, and in Korea's point of view, they might think that China wanted to take over Korea just to have more power.
Do you know when the war started? well, the Sino-Japanese war started in 1894 and ended on 1895. Also,


was the year when the Japanese Occupation started. This makes me think that Japan wanted to show Korea that Japan has power to control Korea.
At last, in the Sino- Japanese war, Japan won and overtook Korea.
To sum up, the Sino-Japanese war has affected the past and present of Korea because that war started the Japanese Ocuupation and lots of people died and had to work for the Japan in the Japan Occupation.

Do you know why Korea split in to two countries? Well, let me tell you! Before Japan was defeated by the Allies at the end of World War II, Korea was controlled by Japan. Russia then took control of the Northern part of Korea and America took control of the Southern part of Korea.
According to Wikipedia, the communist government that Russia started in North Korea wanted to reunite all of Korea under communist rule. Because of the Korean War, families were separated, food became hard to find, and many homes and buildings were destroyed.
After Korean allies help Korea take back their land from North Korea the North liked the idea of the communism which was people could not vote and South liked the idea of Democracy which was people could vote for their leaders. This is giving me the idea that communism does not care about the people, they only care about power. On the other hand, Democracy has the rights of the people first.
As a result, the North attackaed South Korea first and almost won. The South pushed back, and the U.S helped the South and attacked with them, and pushed back the North. The war lasted for three years and the North and South created the ◊DMZ◊ at the 38th parallel.
I used to think the North and South were like family but now I noticed that the war tore them apart so I've changed my mind about Korea. I don't understand how Korea use to be one country with disagreeing ideas all the time, since they could not agree they began to be two countries. Maybe one day they will finally solve their disagreements and become one again. So now did you learn about the Korea's past and present? Well if you didn't understand, let me tell you again first Japan changed the rules of Korea and the U.S helped us, second the North and South have a different idea so the war begin then the U.S helped us push back the North. So the North and South created the ◊DMZ◊.

We are going to talk about the conflicts in Korea that have affected them the most. From wars to arguments that lead into wars, treaties that go into occupation, they have affected Korea.
The conflicts that we are going to tell you about is, (this is in order) Japanese Occupation, Korean War, the war of the three kingdoms of Korea, and lastly, the Sino-Japan War. We will tell you a lot about these conflicts.
How has the Korean War affected the past and the present in Korea?
"Military History of Goguryeo." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Nov. 1999. Web. 25 May 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_Goguryeo>

"History of Korea- The Three Kingdoms :::: Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla :::: History of Korean- The three
Kingdoms :::: Goguryeo, Baekje, Silla :::: N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2014

"South Korea: Japanese Occupation, the Korean War, and Partition." South Korea: Japanese Occupation, the Korean War, and Partition. N.p., 31 Dec. 2006. Web. 25 May 2014. <http://berkleycenter.georgetown.edu/essays/south-korea-japanese-occupation-the-korean-war-and-partition>.

"Cause Of The Japanese Occupation." Historium.com. N.p., 15 Feb. 2004. Web. 2 June 2014.

"Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., 23 Feb. 2004. Web. 29 May 2014. <http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/546176/Sino- Japanese-War>.

" Korean War" Spark Notes, n.d. Web. 11 May 2014

How did the Korean War affect past and present?
To conclude, that 4 wars affected Korea the most. The Sino Japanese War started the Japan Occupation and the Korean War influenced Korea to split in half, and also, the 3 kingdoms war affect Korea to split all of the kingdoms and break the peace. Lastly, the Japanese Occupation made the Koreans work for the Japan and follow the rules of Japan.
These are the wars that Korea had to go through.
Japanese Occuaption
Do you know about the three kingdoms of Korea? Well if you don't, I'll teach you about it. The three kingdoms are: Goguryeo,
Baekje, and Silla. Goguryeo had the biggest land, Baekje had the 2nd largest and Silla was the smallest.

According to Military history of Goguryeo(Wikipedia.org), Goguryeo and Silla's relationship and Goguryeo and Baekje's relationship wasn't really good. After 248, the 2 kingdoms- Goguryeo and Silla finally had a better relationship.

In 369, Baekje was invaded by Goguryeo. However, Baekje counterattacked Goguryeo in "Battle of Chiyang" After reading about this, this made me realize that Goguryeo never satisfy with anything because they had the biggest land from all three kingdoms but they still wanted more land. Also, in 371, the Baekje army of 30,000, led by Crown Prince Geungusu, took the fortress of Pyongyang and killed king Gogugwon of Goguryeo. This gave me the idea that if you don't satisfy with what you have and keep on wanting more, that you might loose all things like Goguryeo.

In 392, Gouguryeo attacked Baekje and 10 walled cities with 50,000 cavalry. In Baekje's point-of-view, I think they were tired of Goguryeo army because Baekje army can't rest because they don't know when Goguryeo army might attack them again. In 400, Silla requested to Goguryeo assistance to defend against union of Baekje, Gaya, and Japan, the Baekje kingdom to the west, and the Gaya Confederacy to the southwest. King Gwanggaeto responded with 50,000 troops, defeated both Japanese and Gaya cavalry units, and made both Silla and Gaya submit to his authority. In 401, he returned to King Silseong of Silla to establish peaceful relationship between two kingdoms while he continued the conquest of the north, but Goguryeo forces remained and continued to influence Silla. In 433, Baekje and Silla formed an alliance in response to the Goguryeo. In 472, King Gaero of Baekje sent a letter to the emperor of Northern Wei. He stated that he was having trouble interacting with Wei because of frequent Goguryeo intervention, thus calling for military action against Goguryeo. King Jangsu, eldest son of Gwanggaeto the Great, fought for the chance to invade the southern kingdoms of Korea, Baekje and Silla. As a result, King Jangsu secretly planned to attack Baekje. To disarm Baekje, he sent a Buddhist monk named Dorim. Dorim went to King Gaero's court, with the secret objective of corrupting the country before the invasion of Goguryeo. King Gaero began to favor Dorim, and played baduk with him every day, and he was able to talk Gaero into spending large sums of money on construction projects, which weakened the national treasury

In 475, King Jangsu launched a full-scale invasion from both land and sea against the now politically unstable kingdom of Baekje. King Gaero was not at all prepared for the assault formulated by Goguryeo and King Jangsu. With momentum now in his favor, Jangsu then proceeded toward the capital and easily captured the city of Wiryesong, and slew King Gaero. Soon after, King Jangsu burnt the capital to the ground. Baekje moved its capital to Ungjin (present-day Gongju) to keep the kingdom alive. The war gave Goguryeo more or less total control of the Han River valley, the region essential to commercial and military power in the Korean Peninsula. In 551, Baekje and Silla attacked the Goguryeo. The result of this allied attack on Goguryeo was the conquest of the Han river. In 553, Silla invaded Han River region and took the entire Han River region. In mid-7th century, Gogureyo and Baekje formed an alliance to territorial restoration, which was violated by Silla. The alliance had lasted until fall of Baekje in 660.

In November 668, King Bojang of Goguryeo surrendered to Silla-Tang alliance. Goguryeo finally fell in 668.

The wars of the three kingdoms affected the past of the Korea by breaking the peace of Korea and having more wars. The wars of the 3 kingdoms happaned so early that it didn't really affected the present of Korea.
" History." History. N.p.,n.d. Web. 12 May 2014

"The Sino Japan War." N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.

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