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Life Balance Inventory
Transcript of Life Balance Inventory
Imbalance- state that occurs because people’s engagement in occupation fails to meet their unique physical, social, mental, or rest needs and allows insufficient time for their own occupational interests and growth as well as for the occupations each feels obliged to undertake in order to meet family, social, and community commitments.
Occupational deprivation: a state in which people are unable to participate in meaningful activities for prolonged periods of time as a result of factors outside their control.
. Spillover: when too much time is spent at work another area is neglected
Burnout: result of perceived imbalance in work or in another major responsibilities that presents as a psychological syndrome resulting from prolonged response to chronic interpersonal stressors.
Exhaustion: feelings of being overextended and depleted of emotional and physical resources and is the strongest predictor of negative health outcomes
Cynicism: negative, callous, or excessively detached response to various aspects o the job.
Inefficiency: feelings of incompetence and lack of achievement and productivity
Resilience: capacity of a person to recover or adjust to life stressors Lifestyle Balance US!!!!
People with life imbalances that are not satisfied with their current pattern of daily occupations.
People living in environments that do not support or encourage an active or healthy lifestyle. (ie. no parks, bike paths, sidewalks, fast food)
People with imbalanced activity patterns that have negative consequences to health and well-being. (ie. workaholism, burnout, retirement, obesity, sleep disorders, circadian desynchronosis) There are 5 Dimensions of Balance:
Physical needs are met
Actively Engaged and Challenged
Sense of Identity or meaning
Time and energy organized to meet goals Help gain life balance, well-being, and more satisfying lives.
To increase life balance by helping people to create a greater congruence between their actual participation in activities and their desired participation in activities.
To obtain a balanced lifestyle through satisfying patterns of daily occupations that are healthful, meaningful, and sustainable within current life circumstances. Indicators of Function Function Heather Arias, Gina McDonald, Ashley Moore, & Missy Weddington Underlying Theories
Dynamic systems theory
Studies of successful aging
Studies of resilience Levels of Change Person
Occupation Person Internal Cultural
Virtual Body Functions Values
Specific and global mental functions Skills & Patterns Emotional Regulation
Communication & Social skills
Roles Environment Physical & Social Occupation Sleep & Rest
IADLL Areas Activity Demands Objects and properties
Sequencing and timing
Required actions Individuals engage in all 5 of these dimensions on a consistent basis. The individual's activities also enable resilience, well-being, and good quality of life. Individuals are unable to consistently engage in activities that fulfill all 5 of these dimensions. The client feels unsatisfied, stressed, and that their daily activities have less meaning. This can eventually lead to various health conditions.
-Physical, cognitive, and emotional dysfunction
-Example: drowsiness or anxiety Dysfunction Function Dysfunction 1. Biological health and physical safety
2. Rewarding and self-affirming relationships with others
3. Feels engaged, challenged, and competent
4. Sense of meaning and positive personal identity
5. Time and energy is organized in ways that enable people to meet important personal goals and renewal. 1. Increased risk for physical and mental health problems
2. Limited or compromised participation in valued relationships
3. Incongruence with establishing or maintaining a satisfactory identity.
4. Feel mundane, uninteresting, or unchallenging
5. Time and energy is not organized or managed in a way that enables life meaning, self renewal, or goal achievement. Assessment & Evaluation Interviewing:
Employers Self Report:
Does the client feel balanced?
Are client's values congruent with participation in life activities?
Are clients predisposed to biological or medical conditions? **Additional research is needed to develop reliable and valid standardized assessments. Postulates of Change 1. Five dimensions of activity are necessary for balance: physical safety and health, rewarding relationships, feeling challenged and competent, creating positive personal identities, and the ability to organize time and energies well.
2. Changing conditions such as a new job or new project can provide increased satisfaction in occupational performance.
3. Delegating roles can decrease stress and increases life balance.
4. Managing time and personal energy helps clients find time for meaningful activities that are congruent with personal values. Postulates Cont'd 5. Helping a client find synergistic activities that meet multiple needs creates efficiency and life satisfaction.
6. Participation in restorative activities renews energies and promotes life balance. Intervention Approaches Create/Promote
Establish & Restore
Prevent Promote health by creating a healthy lifestyle class for clients at risk for obesity.
Establish a daily routine with clients to increase time management.
Maintain physical health by providing an after school exercise program
Modify the challenges associated with jobs
Consult with employer to provide educational program designed to prevent burnout and fatigue. Types of Intervention Therapeutic Use of Self
Therapeutic Use of Occupations
-Preparatory (relaxation, meditation, WRAP)
Advocacy Skills to Professional Repertoire Ability to consider how mental and physical health interact with one another
Awareness about the necessity of planning and coordinating one’s time as to allow for greater satisfaction.
Knowledge about very common conditions characterized by unbalance (workaholism & obesity)
Maintaining and modeling life balance Contraindications of Model If client does NOT consider their lives to be imbalanced.
Individuals who have good mental and physical health and satisfaction with their daily activities.
A client who is not medically stable Reference Matuska, K. & Christiansen, C. (2009). A theoretical model of life balance and imbalance. Life balance: Multidisciplinary theories and research (pp.149-164). Washington DC: Slack, Inc and AOTA Press.