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Conformity and Obedience

Studies on conformity and obedience for your notes.
by

Laura Thrower

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Conformity and Obedience

Conformity: What is it?
Common reasons for conformity
Conformity
It's what sheep do.
Definition: the adherence to group norms; changing ones ideals to match the group majority.

Conformity could be due to:
Social Pressure
Benefits
Protection
Information
There are two types of conformity; expedient conformity and private-acceptance
Types of Conformity
Lets take a short quiz to see how much you learned!

Write "true" or "false" answers in your notes...
How much did you learn?
What does "conformity" mean to you?

Why do people conform?
Bell Ringer Discussion:
Norms and Conformity
Obedience vs. Conformity


Informational
- This usually occurs when a person lacks knowledge and looks to the group for guidance or when a person is in an ambiguous situation and socially compares their behavior with the group
Expedient conformity
: When a member of a group outwardly behaves in coherence with the group's norms but holds private beliefs that are not coherent with the group's norms.
1) Conformity: when compliance is the result of group influence on an individual. Since we are expected to comply with norms established by the group
2) Obedience: when compliance is the result of a high power group member influencing lower power
members.
a. Both conformity and obedience are power forms of compliance.
b. Compliance in either form (conformity or obedience) seems to be the standard norm.
3) 2 Differences
a. Obedience is response to Authority
b. Conformity is response to group norms
c. Obedience results from exercise of power by those with the ability to enforce
d. Conformity is associated with need for acceptance and knowing what to do
Question 1:
Question 2:
Question 3:
Question 4:
Question 5:
Question 6:
Question 7:
FIN!
group rules or standards
True or False?
If the conditions of the group norm are uncertain, then members will be more likely to conform.
FALSE!!
TRUE!!!
More intelligent people are less likely to conform than less intelligent people
Give the correct definition for "Conformity" Hope you were paying attention!

A. When compliance is the result of a high power group member influencing lower power members
B. The adherence to group norms; changing ones ideals to match the group majority
C. Group rules or standards
Correct answer is B!!
5 Contributing Factors to How People Conform


More intelligent people are less likely to conform than less intellegent people

The clarity of the norm and the certainty of the punishment for breaking it (The more ambiguous a norm the more likely people are to break it)

Number of group members already conformed

quality of developed interpersonal relationships
a group with members who like/respect one another support conformity as opposed to a less cohesive group

sense of identification members have developed
How established a member is in the group (if the "coll kid" suggests an action, you are more likely to confrom than if they "class outcast" is doing it)
In Ashe's experiment with the judging of the lines, when the subject was allowed to write his answers on paper, he was just as likely to conform.
Billy is a senior level fraternity member and believes that hazing is useful for membership bonding and trust. This is an example of:

A. Expedient Conformity
B. Private Acceptance
C. Norm
Which was not a reaction of subjects asked to administer electric shocks?
A. turning over personal responsibility to the authority figure
B. increased stress
C. laughing
D. frustration
True or false?

A group whose members like one another and respect one another's opinions is more likely to support conformity than is a less cohesive group
All answers are correct! (did you conform?)
FALSE!
Private-acceptance
: When a member of a group personally believes or agrees with the norm that they are adhering to.
Social Pressure
- Conforming to appeal to group norms in order to boost ones social status, and sense of belonging among ones peers
Benefits
- Conforming in order to gain internal/external benefits such as information, protection, or recognition,
Protection
- Some may conform in order to gain protection or help. Your group is more likely to assist you with harassment or offer their protection if you are one of them.
True or False?
Full transcript