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22 May 2013: Anthem, Notes, Isms

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Mark Gardner

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of 22 May 2013: Anthem, Notes, Isms

On your desk, have:
Title a NB Entry "ISMs"
social and economic philosophy
"from each according to his means to each according to his needs"
economic equality: no one owns anything, government re-distributes wealth, property and material
critique: there is no tangible motivation to work harder, society stagnates
communism
social and economic philosophy
competition for wealth, property and material will motivate progress
people own material and property, work to earn wealth, exchange money to gain more
society improves due to competition
critique: competition requires a winner and a loser; motivation to win and acquire wealth creates social and economic classes as well as social and economic oppression
capitalism
social philosophy
the needs of the group are more important than the needs of the individual
accepts that humans are inter-dependent on one another; humankind cannot exist if humans are totally independent
critique: creativity and individuality are suffocated; individual thought that suggests change can be seen as a threat
collectivism
social philosophy
all people deserve social, civil and economic equality
emphasizes shared decision-making
critique: can lead to rules and laws against which individuals may rebel because of the value placed on the group rather than the individual
egalitarianism
social philosophy
the valuing of self reliance and independence rather than dependence on or control by a group or government
opposes control from outside
focuses on the self rather than the group
critique: focus only on oneself can erode groups or societies when people only care about their own interests
individualism
social philosophy
distrust of all government, authority, or group control
total individual autonomy and control
critique: can lead to excess of self-focus, lack of awareness of group needs, lack of concern for others even if not in authority
anarchism
social philosophy
based on the idea that humans are motivated most by self-interest, not care or regard for others
based on the belief that it is right, rational, and in fact a moral obligation to act in a way that is driven by your own self-interests
critique: self-interest alone can result in disregard for needs of others
egoism
social philosophy
the self-less regard for the welfare of others, with no expectation of compensation, thanks, or benefit
not driven by a sense of duty, loyalty, obligation or responsibility
critique: people argue that true altruism cannot exist because an act of altruism gives a person a positive feeling, which is a benefit; some say it is the opposite of selfishness and egoism, but others say that altruism might be driven by selfishness
altruism
social and economic philosophy
"laissez-faire" capitalism (government's hands-off)
individualism should not be restricted in any political, social, or economic way
"truth" and reality are not things we create, they are created by nature and we must discover them through logic and reason
critique: prizes greed and self-interest; ignores the necessity of community for human experience
objectivism (Rand's version)
ISMs
SELF-ORIENTED
GROUP-ORIENTED
VERY CONTROLLED
VERY FREE
Two different writing tools
Your notebook
Your little "Anthem" booklet
TODAY
Review and apply active reading note-taking strategies to increase your understanding and memory
Understand some of the core philosophies of the author
R
Full transcript