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The Restoration of Europe

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Mr. Fernandez

on 26 January 2016

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Transcript of The Restoration of Europe

End of Napoleonic Wars
The countries that had defeated France met together.
They wanted to restructure the borders of Europe to look like before the 1792.
This event would come to be known as the
Congress of Vienna.
- Try to restore order, like it used to be.
- Austria
- Prussia
- Great Britain
- Russia
Congress of Vienna
1. Stop French Aggression
2. Restore balance of power
- not one country dominate
3. Balance compensation
- split lands equally
4. legitimacy of Monarchy
- bring all the monarchies
back to power.
Leaders of Congress of Vienna
Russia - Czar Alexander I
Austria - Prince Klemens von Metternich
Prussia - Karl August von Hardenberg
Great Britain - Viscount Robert
"Quadruple Alliance"
New Map of Europe
Land was divided up and some boundaries were changed (
Balance Compensation
land taken away from France, given to Prussia.

The Papal states are given to the Pope.
No consideration is given to public opinion.

A political philosophy based on tradition and stability.
The church supported Conservatism!
Conservatives were opposed to any revolutions, representative governments, or demand for individual rights.
Return to the way things were!

The Restoration of Europe
Essential Question:
Identify the decisions made
at the Congress of Vienna.

Principles of Intervention
- great powers have the right to
send armies to protects monarchies.
Concert of Europe
To preserve the settlements at Vienna, the major powers formed the
"Concert of Europe"
- it would become an extension of the
Congress of Vienna
They would join together to put down movements that could threaten the
status quo
After Napoleon's final defeat in 1815, there was a struggle between the
, and the

A German Confederation was created.
Liberalism is an economic and political theory.
- a way to view the world!
Liberals believed that...
1. all individuals should be equal before law.
2. the economy should be allowed to operate
freely without state interference (
3. government by constitution and elected
legislative bodies
4. freedom of the press
5. public education
6. political participation (property owners, not
Establish Monarchies throughout Europe (
legitimacy of Monarchy
Liberal Revolts
Liberals would fight back against the old conservative order.
There would be revolts in Portugal, Italy, and Spain.
- the Spanish monarchy was allied with the church and the nobility.
- 30% of all Spanish citizens were members of
the clergy!
Nationalist and liberals challenge the conservatives.
- people wanted to be part of a free nation, not part of a kingdom.
Revolutions will appear all over Europe.
The Revolutions of 1848
were examples of liberal's dissatisfaction with the status quo.
- revolutions in France, German states, Italy, Greece.
Full transcript