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Autism- IDS 259

Using Johnson's "Long Zoom" approach, I'll be exploring the reality and misconceptions of the Autism Spectrum

allie simmons

on 23 March 2011

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Transcript of Autism- IDS 259

Autism SpectrumDisorder Origin In 1911, Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler discovered autism as a disorder similar to schizophrenia. Deriving from the Greek term “autos” meaning “self”, the word “autistic” was originally used to describe socially and emotionally awkward children. In the 1960’s, research revealed vast differences between autism and schizophrenia. Because of this distinction, psychologists presented new treatments to effectively “cure” children with autism. These treatments included forced experimentation of LSD, shock treatments, and "behavioral change techniques" that included various types of pain and punishment. Research in the 1980's and 90's proved that there exists no realistic cure for autism, and that educational behavior therapy in a highly controlled learning environment is most helpful in an autistic child's early development. Symptoms Autism affects communication skills both verbally and non-verbally. A child with severe autism is diagnosed at or before the age of three. If case is mild, the child may not show signs until the age of six or seven. People with autism often have very specialized interests. Because of their inability to communicate well, people with autism have unique reactions to certain sensations. Forms of Autism Autistic Disorder Delays in early language Repetitive Behaviors "Stimming" Must be diagnosed before age three. Pervasive Developmental Disorder "Atypical Autism" Symptoms do not exactly coincide with symptoms of Autistic Disorder Symptoms could develop after age three. Rett Syndrome Severe and rare form of autism Normal behavior until about 5 months old Lose motor, social, and speech skills over time Childhood Distentegrative Disorder Like Rett Syndrome, children are born with typical behavioral habits. From age 2-10, children are increasingly inable to interact properly with others. Develop repetitive and obsessive behaviors and interests. Lose motor skills and eventually become severely physically disabled. Rarest and most severe form of autism. Treatments Behavior/ Communication Therapy Close coordination and interaction with teachers, parents, and therapists. Medical/ Dietary Therapy Anxiety and attention medication, vitamins and diet changes Complementary Therapy Music, art, animal therapy Neurological Causes of Autism Dysfunction of Bilateral Neural Structure Recognition of facial expressions of basic emotions. Neuromodulator Imbalance Neuromodulation causes muscle contractions. When nueromodulator is unblanced, reactions are slower. Perinatal/ Neonatal Infections Such as herpes, HIV, hepatitis B & C Causes changes in levels of neronal nitric oxide synthase, an important molecule in synaptogenesis, which helps early brain development Genetics Genetic Predisposition Genetics affect the phenotype. Phenotype: observable characteristic of trait/ organism, such as development or behavior. DNA Composed of four different types of nucleotides. In the sequence of these nucleotides is genetic information that is inherited. Family Environment "Refrigerator Mothers" In 1943, Leo Kanner coined this term to describe mothers who lacked affection, therefore causing their child's autistic symptoms. Seriously? While the familial environment can worsen or improve symptoms of autism, there exists no support of "cold" parenting as a cause of the disorder. How can families create a positive environment for children and adults with autism? Support Associations Autism Society Since 1965, the Autism Society has supported families through the research of autism. Sponsors Two Initiatives Environmental Health Initiatve Research on environmental exposure on brain development. Treatment Guided Research Initiation Research on treatments of autism and their effects Autism Speaks Largest autism science and advocacy organization Funds research of causes, prevention, and treatment of autism Autism Awareness Media Raised awareness through shows, movies, and articles Celebrity Support In recent years, mass media has encouraged the research and recognition of autism, dispelling traditional misconceptions.
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