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Spinocerebellar Ataxia: Aya Kito

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Rahaf RR

on 7 July 2013

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Transcript of Spinocerebellar Ataxia: Aya Kito

Spinocerebellar Ataxia:
The real story of Aya Kito
What is it?
How does it happen?
Defect in Frataxin gene FXN in the DNA
which is located on chromosome 9
Produce to much of a part of the brain
called GAA
Normal: 8-30 copies
SCA: 1000 copies
The more copies a patient has the
earlier in life the disease starts
and faster it progress by time
- Also known as Spinocerebellar Degeneration and Spinocerebellar
- Cause the cells in the cerebellum
to atrophy or degenerate
- Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA) is a brain disease.
- Occurs in a part of the brain called the cerebellum.
-The cerebellum controls the balance of our bodies, the muscle tone, the equilibrium and eye movements.
Who's Aya?
- Aya Kito: A japanese girl, who was a teenager back then when she first had the diseas.
- She wrote about her experience with SCA and her struggling life "One Liter Of Tears".
- They filmed a series about Aya's true story and how she had to deal with her daily tasks.
The very beginning.
- Weird symptoms were appearing a little by little.
Her moves, vision, speaking
- How did thy find out the truth?
How does SCA affect our bodies?
Spinocerebellar ataxia has many effects on our bodies.
- Lack of muscle movements, can't move your body the way you want
- Eating Difficulty (chewing food, sallow it accidentally)
- Staggering while walking
- Frequently falling while walking
hurt yourself so badly
choking a lot while eating
- Can't measure distance
- Trouble breathing sometime
- Loss of balance
- Drop things very easily
SCA doesn't cause any mental disabilities; however, it has all these physical effects!
But ....
Is there any cure for SCA?
Unfortunately, SCA is an incurable disease. There is no known cure for Spinocerebellar Ataxia; instead, it gets worse with time.
Individuals with SCA, such as Aya, wont't be able to do anything. They will end up using wheelchairs, no talking, no moving, for the rest of their lives.
-Difficulty in holding things with the fist
Is there anything we can do to reduce the effects?
There are some treatments for individuals with SCA, but these treatments are limited to softening the symptoms, not the disease itself
The treatments are basically focus on training the muscles and the other parts of the body to maintain as flexible, controllable, and strong as possible through the disease’s stages
- Waving hands back and forth
- Moving from being on all fours to kneeling position
- Straitening the whole body
- Crawling on the floor
- Sitting down and standing up many times
Other self- training:
- Breathing in and out deeply
- Knitting and doing handiwork to train her hands
- Singing and making louder voices to train her throat
The End
by: Rahaf
Full transcript