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"Comfort Women" and the NGOs that supported them
Transcript of "Comfort Women" and the NGOs that supported them
Korean Women's Association
The Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Military Sexual Slavery by Japan
Korean National Council for Women
Washington Coalition for Comfort Women Issues
Church Women United
World Council of Churches
International Commission of Jurists The Korean Council Japanese government is pressures to change "original discourse of official denial" and cover-up policy to approach the demands made by comfort women NGOs
Efforts of NGOs promoted the transnational movement on women’s human rights in East Asia
National and international focused on government and U.N. appeal and the NGOs that supported them Korean National Organizations International Organizations "The Korean Council wishes to restore the victims rights and dignity by solving the “comfort women” issue and is trying to form solidarity with women who are experiencing similar pain from current wars and armed conflicts." Beginnings 1905 Protectorate of Japan Timeline of Korean History and the Comfort Women Issue Korean women's groups first hear of the issue 1991 Japan responds and first public testimonies 1995 Asian Women's Fund 2000 Lawsuit in U.S. District Court and Tokyo Tribunal 2011 1000th Wednesday Protest 1937-1945 Asian-Pacific War 1963-1973 Industrial Revolution under Park 1980-1987 Liberalizing under Chun Doo Hwan 1988-1992 Ro Tae Woo 1993-1997 1992-1993 NGOs and Gov. becoming closer under Kim Young Sam Comfort Women issue is raised in UN Commission on Human Rights and Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery 1998-2002 NGOs even closer to Gov. under Kim Dae Jung 2007 Cong. Mike Honda (D-CA) introduced H.R.121, a bipartisan resolution, urging that the Government of Japan should formally acknowledge, apologize, and accept historical responsibility. 2003-2009 Transition into Conservative under Roh Moo Hyun 2009-present Conservative Lee Myung Bak Oct 17th 1990 - First Open Letter by a Korean NGO (Korean Women's Association)
Nov 1990 - Formation of The Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Military Sexual Slavery by Japan Demands Approaches Social Civil Society Governmental/Legislative The State Weekly Wednesday demonstration (b. Jan 1992)
Welfare activities for survivors
(In reaction to AWF) Two intensive fundraising campaigns
Education for survivors
War and Women's Human Rights Center and Museum Law suits against Japan
Pressure on Korean government for investigation (1st 1992)
Called for government policy in support of comfort women
Legislation to prevent war criminals from entering Korea International NGOs: Washington Coalition for Comfort Women Issue
Church Women United
International Commission of Jurists Activities International and National Setting Social Governmental/Legislative WCCW - building web of support
WCCW - educate Japanese youth (textbooks)
CWU - conducted first survey on comfort women
CWU - education campaigns
CWU - formed the Committee on Military Sexual Slavery by Japan ICJ - investigation and report to U.N.
WCCW - protest U.S. support of Japan
WCCW - pressure/support for lawsuits and H.R. 121
WCCW - petitions to U.S. and U.N
Many protest letters
CWU - To both Japanese and Korean Governments Mobilizing Structures U.N. Forums
Door to door community involvement Political Opportunity Liberalization
Politicization? Who are the "comfort women"?