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Salt Water Biome

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james clift

on 15 September 2013

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Transcript of Salt Water Biome

By: James Clift
abiotic conditions
biotic conditions
other key information
references
://nides.bc.ca/Assignments/Biomes1/Ocean3.htm

http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-ocean-map.htm

http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/marine.html

http://www.ehow.com/facts_5597489_types-soil-ocean_.html

http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/oceanography-book/oceansandclimate.htm

Snyderman, Marty. Life in the Sea. Lincolnwood, IL: Publications International, 1994. Print.

Salt Water Biome
climate and temperature range
The oceans average temperature is about 39 degrees Fahrenheit, but this varies greatly depending on factors such as latitude (warmer in tropical areas and colder near the poles) and depth (sunlight doesn't reach the depths of the ocean so deeper levels have colder temperatures). The temperature can vary from 28 degrees Fahrenheit to around 100 degrees Fahrenheit in some tropical areas. The oceans also play an important role in coastal areas climate, affecting things such as precipitation, wind and temperature.


location
The saltwater biome is the largest of the biomes. The oceans take up more than 70 percent of the earths surface and include 5 major oceans as well as many smaller gulfs and seas.
soil type
Soil types in the ocean are classified into ooze and clay. clay is composed of rocks and sediment. Ooze is mostly composed of organic matter from dead organisms such as shells and organic debris.
average rainfall
Rainfall in the ocean is much more frequent in tropical zones around the equator. Some of these areas receive as much as 115 inches per year because of the high temperatures.
topography
The ocean is divided into 3 sections the continental shelf the continental slope and the ocean floor. the features under the ocean are very similar to those on land including valleys, trenches, mountains, plateaus and . some of these can be extreme such as mariana trench which is over 36,000 feet deep.
native animals
Animals in this biome have are very diverse. There are numerous types marine animals that are native to the ocean including fish, marine mammals, crustaceans, mollusks, sea anemones. They all have adaptations that help them deal with the some of the oceans harsh conditions such as the high salt content or cold water temperatures.
native plants
economic opportunities
The ocean presents many economic opportunities medicinal ingredients from plants and animals to natural resources such as oil. The shipping industry plays an important role and without the oceans transport would be very different. Also a large portion of the worlds food comes from fish right out of the ocean. Overall this biome has many economic benefits to society.
uniqueness
The saltwater biome is very unique because of its diversity in plants and animals and its overall size. this biome is so vast and ranges over such a wide area that there is something different about it no matter where you go. it has on celled plankton as well as the enormous blue whale. it has thriving tropical coral reefs but at the same time has cold dark deep trenches with little to no life at all. i think this biome is the most unique due to its diversity.
how is the biome changing
This biome is constantly changing because of human impact, but there are many natural things that change too such as animals migrating, tides, currents and weather. we are also still discovering new things about this biome everyday and will continue to benefit from what it has to offer.
why is the biome important
available products
Many products are available because of the oceans many resources. Many of these come in the form of medicines and health products. For example the kelp plant is very important as it is used in many household products such as toothpaste and ice cream.
recreational opportunities
There are many recreational opportunities in the ocean. Some of these include snorkeling, diving, surfing and deep sea fishing. The ocean attracts a lot of visitors and tourists because of its uniqueness.
impact of humans on this biome
Humans are damaging the ocean and harming the organisms that live there. Pollution, oil spills, and overuse of ocean resources are all ways that humans have affected this biome. However by recycling and becoming more aware about the ocean we can limit the damage to this envirnment.
http
The two main types of plants in saltwater biomes are phytoplankton and algae. Phytoplankton are microscopic plants that float freely in the ocean. Scientists say that they produce over half of the earths oxygen. Most other saltwater plants are types of algae. Kelp is an important species of brown algae that has many uses for humans and in the environment.
This biome is very important as it supplies a large portion of the worlds food. It is also responsible for much of our energy needs as it is abundant in oil. It is home to the phytoplankton that produce over half of the worlds oxygen. this biome is home to many plants that have major medical benefits and we are still discovering more. overall this biome is one of the most important.
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