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The elements of analysing fiction
Transcript of The elements of analysing fiction
Plot is what happens and in what way in a piece of fiction.
Analysis and interpretation
It relates to the structure of the ACTION and the CONFLICT
things happen in their natural order like in real life.
a --> b --> c --> d
In medias res
The action begins without us having an introduction
b --> c --> d
The story jumps back in time.
b --> a --> c
The story jumps ahead and shows what happens in the future.
a --> c --> b
Can be OPEN or CLOSED
A central message, concern, or insight into life expressed through a literary work
Can be expressed by a one or two sentence statement about human beings or about life
May be stated directly or implied
Interpretation uncovers the theme
A specific place at a certain time in a specific social context
the main character
the opposite of the protagonist
often not described in detail. Their function is to interact with the main character
one-dimensional, simplified, static (no development)
A complex character. Usually undergoes a development
A writer reveals what a character is like and how the character changes throughout the story.
Direct- writer tells us what the character is like
writer shows what a character is like by describing what the character looks like, by telling what the character says and does, and by what other characters say about and do in response to the character.
Point of view
The story will change perspective according to who the storyteller is.
In fiction: someone is always telling us the story.
= the narrator
The author chooses what point of view (POV) the narrator will use to tell the story.
A first-person narrator is good at creating an atmosphere of intimacy.
(Almost like reading someone's diary or mind).
Important to distinguish between the author (forfatteren) and the narrator (fortælleren)
The narrator is not identified.
The tone is less personal and more objective.
Unlike the first-person narrator, the third-person narrator is outside the story, and is telling the story from a distance.
functions as a camera
Third-person omniscient POV
Omniscient = all-knowing
The narrator knows everything about the character, places, events and past and present situations.
can be restricted: tells the reader about some of the characters' emotions and thoughts, but omits the emotions of other characters.
First-person plural POV
The first-person narrator is usually singular ("I") but may be plural ("we").
The events are viewed through the collective or communal mindset.
The unreliable narrator
Another version of the first-person narrator.
The narrator presents a version of events that is at odds with reality
Usually the reader will find out gradually and especially towards the ending of the story that the narrator has been distorting the facts