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Orienting Concepts and Ways of Understanding the Cultural Nature of Human Development
Transcript of Orienting Concepts and Ways of Understanding the Cultural Nature of Human Development
mind for the best approach to cultural psychology! The author focuses on
communities’ cultural practices
and traditions…” The overarching concept:
“Humans develop through their
changing participation in the
socialcultural activities of their
communities, which also change.” We need contact with several other
cultures to appreciate and see the extent of ours! 1. Culture isn’t just what other people do Example: A fish doesn't know water until
it's removed. People take their communities
for granted until they are immersed in another! Ethnocentrism:
To impose a value judgment from one’s own
community on the cultural practices of another,
without understanding how those practices
make sense in that community Purpose Orienting Concepts for Understanding Cultural Processes Five main points Example: Americans may think
we do not have a culture because
we do not have an accent. 2. Understanding one’s own cultural heritage requires taking the perspective of people of other backgrounds. This often involves noticing
the taken-for-granted events
and ways of doing things! 3. Cultural practices fit together and are connected. “Involve multifaceted relations
among many aspects of community functioning.”
We must understand how
cultural practices fit together. 4. Cultural communities continue
to change, as do individuals. Variations among people and communities are expected. 5.There is not likely to
be One Best Way! It requires putting aside
one’s own assumptions! Moving beyond assumptions Moving beyond ethnocentrism It is important to move beyond
the idea that one is best.
More room to think of other
possibilities with understanding,
respect and an open mind Separating value judgment from explanation Diverse goals of development Vary considerably according
to cultural traditions. Example: Trying to impose Western schooling
on underdeveloped areas to civilize those
who were not “progressive” to the U.S. stage. Learning through Insider/Outsider Working together with people from
both the inside and the outside will
contribute to a better representation! Using emic, imposed emic and derived etic approaches Truly trying to understand people, not just stereotyping! The next two chapters focus on
how we can conceive of the cultural
nature of human development!