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Brave New World Chapter 4-6
Transcript of Brave New World Chapter 4-6
Brave New World Chapter 4-6
Futuristic, World state
A.F (after Ford) 632
Bureaux of Propaganda and the college of Emotional Engineering
Westminster Abbey Cabaret
Solidarity Service at the Fordson Community Singery
Bernard is a nonconformist to the world state
"More on my own, not so completely a part of something else. Not just a cell in a social body
This quote is taken from the Lenina and Bernard's conversation
Third person omniscient:
The narrator is not one of the characters and therefore has the ability to tell us what is going on within any of the characters' minds.
" She had wondered more than once whether she shouldn't change her mind about the New Mexico Holiday..." pg 87
" And looking at Benito Hoover, she couldn't help remembering that he was too hairy when he took his clothes off" pg 57
Point of View
Chapter 4 begins with Lenina in an elevator with a mass of men, most that she has slept with. Bernard gets upset and embarrassed when she speaks about their sex life in public. (character vs. character) Bernard desperately wants to be different from all the men she sleeps around with and he wants Lenina to be different, to be like him. (character vs. self, society) Lenina dismisses him by leaving for her date with Henry, remarking that "khaki is a horrible color and she's glad she's not a Gamma."
Chapter 4 Plot
"Northwards, beyond the trees, the Internal and External Secretions factory glared with a fierce electric brilliance from every window of its twenty stories..." pg 73
"... housed in a single sixty-story building in Fleet Street..." pg 65
" ... giant letters invitingly glared "London's finest scent and colour organ. all the latest synthetic music... the air seemed hot and somewhat breathless with a scent of ambergris and sandalwood." pg 76
Chapter 5 Plot
Chapter 6 Plot
Stamps and Allusions
Stamps and Allusions continued
Sensory Details and Figurative Language
- '"Did you ever feel," he asked, "as though you had something inside you that was only waiting for you to give it a chance to come out? ... Like all the water that goes down the falls instead of through the turbines?"' From pg. 69, Helmholtz and Bernard's conversation about potential
Illusion of Reality
- "Lenina remembered her first shock of fear and surprise; her speculations through half a wakeful hour; and then, under the influence of those endless repetitions, the gradual soothing of her mind, the soothing, the soothing, the stealthy creeping of sleep..." From pg. 74, Lenina reciting a World State phrase that has been drilled into her mind since childhood to Bernard
Diction, Syntax, and Tone
'"Yes, 'Everybody's happy nowadays.' We begin giving the children that at five. But wouldn't you like to be free to be happy in some other way, Lenina? In your own way, for example; not in everbody else's way."' From pg. 91, Bernard's remark to Lenina after she claims to be free.
lives through her conditioning and hypnopaedia. perfect world state citizen
"I don't know what you mean. I am free. Free to have the most wonderful time" pg 91
This quote is taken from Lenina's response to Bernard's individualistic rants during their night out
Typical alpha stud, one of the best conditioned characters in the book. Like Lenina, Henry lives through his conditioning
" Of course they don't. How can they? they don't mind being anything else. We'd mind of course. But then we've been differently conditioned. Besides we start with a different heredity"
This quote is taken from Henry and Lenina's date. pg74
Bernard's closest friend. Helmholtz is a non conformist who believes his talents are going to waste.
"I feel I could do something much more important. yes more intense, more violent."
This quote comes from the Bernard and Helmholtz conversation at the Propaganda House
Very unattractive, and unappealing woman in Bernard's orgy porgy. It was this event that made Bernard realize that no amount of soma can make him conform the World State's policies
" but the only thing he could think of was Morgana's eyebrow." pg 86
This quote was taken from the orgy porgy.
Director of Hatcheries and directions
Bernard goes to him to get permission to go on the New Mexican Reservation. The Director shares His story of the time he went to the reservation.Changes tone towards Bernard when he realizes what he has said
"... averting his eyes, blushed darkly; looked at him again with sudden suspicion and, angrily on his dignity..." pg 97
This quote was taken after the Directors story of his time on the reservation.
- "... and suddenly a Voice, a deep, strong, Voice, more musical than any merely human voice, richer, warmer, more vibrant with love and yearning and compassion, a wonderful, mysterious, supernatural Voice spoke from above their heads." From pg. 82-83, during Bernard's orgy porgy
- "She was appalled by the rushing emptiness of the night, by the black foam-flecked water heaving beneath the, by the pale face of the moon so haggard and distracted among the hastening clouds." From pg. 90, Lenina and Bernard are hovering over the ocean
This quote sets a tone that suggests the passion Bernard has for individualistic life, and the distrust and disgust he has for the World State's conformist ways. His repetition of Lenina's previous remark suggests mock, and he rebuts her statement with a dry declaration that demonstrates the ritualistic way the World State is in control of so called "happiness". His question to her is desperate, pleading even, as he asks if she'd like to be free in her own way, not in the way the World State dictates. This conclusion to his quote is hopeful, child-like even, as it is a virtually impossible wish, and leaves us wondering what Bernard will do with these dangerous feelings.
Bernard goes to visit Helmholtz but still doesn't feel comfortable telling the Delta helicopter workers what to do because of his small size. Alphas are supposed to be tall and large to represent authority. Helmholtz is a major stud and sleeps with hundreds of women, but despite all his involvement he still feels dissatisfied. Bernard appears jealous due to Helmholtz popularity and brags about taking Lenina to New Mexico. Later, at Helmholtz place he asks Bernard if he's ever felt there were something inside him waiting to come out. He believes that he has the power to do something great if only he knew what it was. Helmholtz says that "words can be like X-rays – they can pierce anything. But not when you're writing about nothing." He thinks he can do something "more intense, more violent" if only he knew what that was. (character vs. self) (character vs. society)
Lenina and Henry finish off their date by flying over the crematorium where adults are cremated unceremoniously and their ashes are used for plant growth. Henry speaks about how all types of people are useful because of this, even Epsilons. This triggers a flashback for Lenina about how she woke up frightened when she was younger by the hypnopaedic lessons repeating over and over again. The flashback ends and she and Henry arrive at his apartment to eat, take several doses of soma, listen to a very sexual band, and then have sex.
Bernard has to attend his bi-weekly "Solidarity Service day" at the Fordon Community Singery. According to "Big Henry" (renamed from Big Ben after Henry Ford) he arrives late and has to sit next to a gross woman named Morgana who is extremely unappealing. They participate in an interesting ritual accommodated with lots of spiritual chanting, soma, and sex. They believe Ford is "coming" during this orgy-porgy. Even though Bernard has taken the same amount of soma as the other eleven, he does not feel the same amount of emotions as the others which pushes him further into individualism and isolation from society.
Lenina contemplates whether or not to go on vacation with Bernard because he's such an "odd." Lenina discusses Bernard while in bed with Henry which just shows how casual and accepted excessive sex is. Then Lenina and Bernard go out on a date. Lenina wants to waste time doing useless things but Bernard wants to do something meaningful. He also refuses to take soma, because he states he'd "rather be miserable as himself than jolly as somebody else." Bernard hovers the helicopter over the ocean, which forces Lenina to look at the grayness and vastness of the waves. She thinks it's horrible, empty, and dark so she turns on the radio to listen to a "happy" song. But Bernard switches it off and states he likes looking at the ocean because it reminds him that he is more than "just a cell in a social body." He wishes he were free from the enslavement of society. Lenina cries and says she doesn't know what he means by "free." They then go back and have sex after Bernard takes four doses of soma but then tells Lenina he wishes they had ignored the impulse and acted like adults instead of infants.
Part two starts with Bernard waiting in the Director's office to ask for a permit to visit the New Mexico Reservation. The Director approves and begins to tell the story of how he took a Beta girl to the Reservation when he was younger. Talking about the past and with any emotion is definitely not allowed, especially from someone in a position of authority. When the Director realizes what he's done he instantly makes excuses about how there were no emotional ties. Then the Director scolds Bernard for not acting infantile and threatens to exile him to Iceland if he behaves like an adult again. Bernard is thrilled with this empty threat because he is acknowledged by the Director as a rebel which forms him more into an individual. He then tries to brag to Helmholtz who ignores him due to his boasting and constant self-pity.
Part three opens with Lenina and Bernard flying to the Reservation. Lenina, who has already taken soma, responds to all the descriptions of the Reservation with "oohs" and "ahhs." The Reservation is described as an inescapable place where children are still "born." Bernard then calls Helmholtz to tell him to turn off the tap but gets shocked with the news that the Director is actually following through with the plan to exile him to Iceland and immediately regrets angering the Director. Bernard takes four doses of soma and passes out until they arrive at the Reservation.
(most are after chapters 4-6)
-O brave new world […]. O brave new world. […] O brave new world that has such people in it!" (John's evolving view of the World State)
-Henry Ford ("Our Ford")
-Vladimir Lenin ("Lenina Crowne")
-Karl Marx ("Bernard Marx")
-Benito Mussolini, Herbert Hoover("Benito Hoover")
the color crimson
- "crimson' is repeated throughout the novel to represent off-red. Red symbolizes blood and life. While crimson is close in color, it is only a shade of red. This represents the way of society in the World-State. It sustains life, but it's not really living.
"He had emerged from the crimson twilight into the common electric glare with a self-consciousness intensified to the pitch of agony." (pg. 86, after the orgy-porgy)
archetype of the underdog/loner-
Bernard portrays these two character types throughout the novel. Because he refuses to act infantile along with the others in society, he is viewed as more of an individual. He is one of the only ones who recognizes that the way thy are "living" is not really living at all. He wants to be part of something bigger than just a "cell in the social body." (pg. 89)
archetype of the number twelve
- the number twelve symbolizes the "fruits on the tree of life." During the orgy-porgy, twelve men and women "joined as one." Even though impregnation is looked down on, fertility is still obviously related to sex.
"twelve as one, twelve as one, I hear Him coming, I hear Him coming." (pg. 84)
archetype of a circle
- the circle symbolizes eternity and togetherness. During the orgy-porgy, the twelve danced around in a circular motion while chanting to Ford. Obviously the togetherness was when they were joined in sexual activities.
"round the went, a circular procession of dancers.." (pg. 84)
"...circle enclosing circle, the table and its planetary chairs..." (pg. 85)
" Flood lighted, its three hundred and twenty metres of white Carrara-surrogate gleamed with snowy incandescence..."
"... a hundred to each floor, were the seven thousand rooms used by solidarity groups for their fortnight services" pg 78-79