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Causes and Effects of World War II: A Timeline
Transcript of Causes and Effects of World War II: A Timeline
By: Emily Martin
Woodrow Wilson proposes his idea for the 14 points: ideas for creating and maintaining peace in the wake of World War One.
Italy, France, UK, and US leaders meet to discuss the method by which Germany has to pay reparations after WWI
Germany basically has to sign the Treaty of Versailles, even though they aren’t happy with it.
Treaty of Versailles
i. Germany accepted guilt and blame for causing WWI
ii. Germany had to pay ₤6,600,000,000 for causing war.
iii. Germany had to reduce the size of their military.
iv. Territory was taken away from Germany as a result of them causing World War I.
Because of the treaty of Versailles, Germany was very angry and had a lot of resentment towards the western world.
The League of Nations meets for the first time. They do not have the backing of several world powers (including the United States). They also did not have an army, preventing them from being able to apply force.
Benito Mussolini and the Fascist Party came into power in Italy.
Hitler attempts to overthrow the German Weimar republic and was unsuccessful.
November 8-9, 1923 – Hitler and his followers attempt a revolution at Beer Hall Putsch, they were again unsuccessful.
December 25, 1926 – Emperor Hirohito of Japan comes into power. He later makes an alliance with Germany and Italy.
The Great Depression hits the United States, and an economic depression sweeps most of the world. This leads to even more poverty and destruction, leading many people into the arms of dictators such as Adolf Hitler.
Anti-Semitist propaganda becomes popular in Germany.
France and Britain start thinking they may have been too harsh on Germany. They begin attempting to appease Germany.
Japan invades Manchuria in China. China appealed to the League of Nations for help and aid, but there was nothing they could do to combat the world power, Japan.
January: Hitler becomes the chancellor of Germany.
Hitler begins increasing the size of Germany’s armed forces, breaking the stipulations of the Treaty of Versailles. Many other countries thought that building a stronger German army would prevent the spread of communism, and Hitler was allowed to continue.
Italy invaded Abyssinia, the League of Nations was unable to stop them.
Hitler orders troops into the Rhineland, once again breaking the Treaty of Versailles.
Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the UK. He believed that the Treaty of Versailles was too tough on Germany and began giving into Hitler's demands.
Winston Churchill is elected Prime Minister of the UK. He was tougher than his predecessor.
UK tries to appease Hitler by agreeing to let him invade Sudentenland (Munich Pact). This plan backfires when Hitler invades all of Czechoslovakia as well.
September 1, 1939 - Germany invades Poland causing the start of World War II.
Germany was completely destroyed after losing two wars.
The Nazi regime was wiped out and tried for crimes against humanity.
Germany was in ruins
Hitler committed suicide at the end of the war.
Germany was divided into four sectors, one for each the Soviet Union, The United States, France, and Great Britain
Japan was completely ruined as well.
The emperor was allowed to keep his position.
Japan was placed under US military control
England was destroyed by bombings, they were depended on the US to recover.
France had to recover from Nazi occupation.
The war stimulated the US economy and brought them out of the Great Depression.
Once again the US escaped a war with minimal loss of life and structural damage.
• It seemed like the world was moving more towards international cooperation unlike that which had been demonstrated with the League of Nations